Research Papers/Topics in Cinical Health Psychology

Association Between Psychosocial Factors And Glycemic Level Of Diabetic Patients

ABSTRACTThe study sought to determine the relationship between psychosocial factors such as anxiety, depression, stress and social support, age, and glucose level of persons living with diabetes at the St. Michael’s Hospital, Pramso in the Bosomtwe District of the Ashanti Region of Ghana. The descriptive survey research design (cross-sectional survey) was adopted for the study. Through the use of convenience and purposive sampling procedures, 110 respondents were selected to participate in ...

Depression And Quality Of Life Among Family Caregivers Of Stroke Survivors In Ghana

ABSTRACT The impact on daily lives as a result of stroke is a concern for world health because mostly surviving stroke is an altered life to come for both the survivor and the informal family caregiver. A good proportion of its survivors are left to battle with residual neurological and functional impairment, which often require long term support and care. Mostly after discharge, these stroke survivors depend on family caregivers who are usually ill prepared for their caregiving role. P...

The Influence Of Social Support, Spirituality And Resilience In The Subjective Well-Being Of Parents Of Children With Special Needs

ABSTRACT It has previously been established that social support and spirituality influence the well-being of parents of children with special needs. To date, few literatures have examined the psychological process through which these protective resources exert their effects on well-being. This study explored whether social support and spirituality predicted the subjective well-being (i.e., Life satisfaction, Positive affect and Negative affect) of parents of children with special needs i...

Some Psychological Correlates Of Adolescent Sexual Behaviour And Hiv/Aids Prevention

ABSTRACT A survey of 240 adolescents comprising 112 males and 128 females was conducted to find out how perceived control, self-esteem, HNIAIDS knowledge and general anxiety predicted their perception of HIV/AIDS risk, ability to buy condoms and condom use at first sexual intercourse. An HNIAIDS prevention program was piloted with 30 participants to assess its impact on participants' health locus of control, selfefficacy and HIV/AIDS knowledge at pre- and post- test periods. A regressio...

The Psychosocial Impact of Sickle Cell Disease (SCD) on partners of SCD Patients

ABSTRACT The purpose of this study was to investigate the psychosocial effects that partners of SCD patients experience as a result of their relationship with the patient. A convergent mixed methods approach was used to evaluate the experiences of 75 partners within the city of Accra, Ghana, in 8 psychosocial areas: caregiver burden, marital satisfaction, physical health, psychological wellbeing, social relationships, environmental wellbeing, quality of life, and stigma. Mechanisms of coping ...

Lay Counselling in Ghana; Ethical Dilemmas And Ethical Challenges In Ghana

 ABSTRACT Lay counsellors play critical roles in mental health service delivery in Ghana. There is a shortage of professionally trained mental health practitioners. Lay counsellors deliver basic counselling and psychoeducation services in schools, churches, health settings and communities. Given the critical role of lay counsellors in mental health delivery in Ghana, it is imperative to understand how these lay counsellors deal with ethical dilemmas in their everyday practice. Unfor...

Health Belief, Social Support, And Psychological Wellbeing As Predictors Of Treatment Compliance: A Study Among Caregivers Of Sickle Cell And Acutely Ill Children

ABSTRACT Caregivers of children with sickle cell disease experience psychological and physical challenges that affect their role as a caregiver. The aim of the study was to find out whether health belief, psychological wellbeing, social support, and some selected demographic variables influence the compliance of caregivers on the treatment of their children. Using a cross sectional survey method, 200 participants (100 caregivers of sickle cell children and 100 caregivers of acutely ill ...

Neuropsychological Deficits in Children With Seizure Disorders in Ghana: A Study At Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital

ABSTRACT The aim of the study was to determine the cognitive and neuropsychological deficits associated with seizure disorders. The study also examined the effects of age at onset, socio-economic status, compliance with medication and sex of the patient. Seventy two patients visiting the neurological clinic at the Korle Bu Teaching Hospital and a healthy control group from West African Basic School were sampled for the study. Analysis was done using Pearson correlation and the ANOVA....

Perceived Social Support And Its Effects On Quality Of Life Among People Living With Hiv/Aids In Kumasi Metropolis

ABSTRACTThe study examined the perceived social support and its effects on quality of lifeamong people living with HIV/AIDS in Kumasi Metropolis. The descriptivecross-sectional survey design was adopted for the study. Out of a population of1,027 People Living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA), 320 were selected through thepurposive sampling technique. The SF-36 health survey questionnaire andmultidimensional perceived social support questionnaire were used to collect therequired data. Data gathered were ...

Influence Of Religiosity On Psychological Well-Being Of Persons With Chronic Kidney Disease Receiving Dialysis Treatment At The Cape Coast Teaching Hospital, Ghana

ABSTRACTThe research investigated the influence of religiosity on the psychological well-being (PWB) of persons with chronic kidney disease (CKD) receiving dialysis treatment at the Cape Coast Teaching Hospital-Ghana. The descriptive cross-sectional survey design was employed and the purposive sampling technique was used in selecting sixty-two (62) CKD patients for the study. Data was collected on the respondents’ demographic characteristics, their religiosity, and their PWB using demograph...

Risk Factors and Psychological Outcomes of School Bullying Among Adolescents in Ghana

Abstract Building on current knowledge, the primary aim of this study was to examine the association between self reported bullying and victimisation behaviour and risk factors such as sensation seeking, and emotional intelligence after controlling for self esteem, parental attachment, age and gender. The study also examined how bullying and victimisation influence depression and suicidal ideations. Self-report questionnaires were administered to three hundred and fifty five (355) adole...

TO DISCLOSE OR NOT TO DISCLOSE THE HIV/AIDS STATUS OF CHILDREN: HEALTH-RELATED OUTCOMES AND EXPERIENCES OF CAREGIVERS. .

ABSTRACT It has been shown that disclosure of status to children living with HIV has a beneficial effect on health outcomes in children living with HIV. In most sub-Saharan African nations, however, the prevalence of disclosure remains low, leading to poor compliance or adherence and adverse psychological results in these children. This study explored the disclosure experiences among caregivers of children living with HIV and the influence of disclosure on health outcomes in both childr...

PSYCHOLOGICAL HEALTH AND COPING STRATEGIES AMONG CAREGIVERS OF BURNS PATIENTS

ABSTRACT This study examined psychological health and coping strategies among caregivers of burns patients. A sample of 100 caregivers (50 formal and 50 informal) were recruited from the Reconstructive Plastic Surgery and Burns Centre, Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital. The study employed a cross-sectional survey method and the participants were administered the Brief COPE (Carver, 1997), Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (Zimet, Dahlem, Zimet & Farley, 1988), Beck Anxiety Inv...

SOME ASPECTS OF AETIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION OF DIFFERENT LEVELS OF, AND PARENTAL ATTITUDES TO,MENTAL RETARDATION IN GHANA

ABSTRACT The aims of the studies presented in this paper were to investigate the causes of mental retardation in Ghana and the attitude of parents towards their mentally retarded children. There was the need for this type of investigation because what people think is the cause of mental retardation affects their attitude towards it. The sample comprised 120 rural and urban literate and illiterate parents and their mentally retarded children. A questionnaire was used for investigating ...

RELIGIOUS COPING, PSYCHOSOCIAL FACTORS AND QUALITY OF LIFE AMONG TYPE – 2 DIABETIC PATIENTS IN GHANA

ABSTRACT This study examined the influence of religious coping and psychosocial factors on quality of life of type-2 diabetic patients in Ghana. Social support, depression, stress, anxiety, and self-care constituted the psychosocial factors examined. A mixed method design comprising a crosssectional survey (study I) and a focus group discussion (study II) was employed. A total of 164 participants were purposively sampled for both study 1 (n=156) and study II (n=8). In study I, there were...


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