This Text has been prepared for it users, to educate them on the basics instrumental chemical analysis and techniques. It explains the classification of instruments based on the interactions of the molecules with the matter and energy, the principals involved in the individual technique and their applications in various fields. As this work is intended for quick and easy learning all the descriptions are kept at concise and simple, though appropriate references are given for advanced and detailed descriptions. We hope that this could be a good initiative and guidance for the students who as a part of their study programme should pursue with short research works. We strongly advice the Users to go through this material completely before handling the instruments as this may give some confidence and familiarization over the techniques. The details explained in this text have been collected from various sources cited at the reference section.

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Adeniyi Festus, A., Chaiyarat, 1. & nkechi, C (2024). INSTRUMENTATION. Afribary. Retrieved from

MLA 8th

Adeniyi Festus, Adenusi, et. al. "INSTRUMENTATION" Afribary. Afribary, 28 Mar. 2024, Accessed 22 Jul. 2024.


Adeniyi Festus, Adenusi, 118Thiyada Chaiyarat and Chinedu Nkechi . "INSTRUMENTATION". Afribary, Afribary, 28 Mar. 2024. Web. 22 Jul. 2024. < >.


Adeniyi Festus, Adenusi, 118Thiyada Chaiyarat and Chinedu Nkechi . "INSTRUMENTATION" Afribary (2024). Accessed July 22, 2024.