Academic Research Documents

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Effect of methanol extract on the histology of male wistar rats.

ABSTRACT Infectious disease represents a major cause of death accounting for approximately one half of all deaths in tropical countries (Iwu et al., 1999). In particular, gastrointestinal disease is the most frequent cause of childhood morbidity and adult mortality in many parts of the developing world. The presence of enterobacteria in foodstuffs and water is a common cause of diarrhoea and dysentery among the infant population (Viera et al.,2001). The increase in antibiotic resistance causi...

Role of Geoscientist in Diversification of Nigeria Economy

ABSTRACT Nigeria for over five decades now operates mono economy. Despite the diverse natural resources endowed to her by God. This started prior to the end of Biafra war in 1970, when Nigeria taps greatly from crude oil due to global rise in oil price. This over dependent on crude oil is to the disadvantage of other sectors such as; natural gas, solid mineral, water, environment, coal, tourism and agriculture that contributes enormously to the economy of any country like Nigeria. In 2017 N...

EFFECTS OF FLOODS ON THE JAMBUSIE WATER TREATMENT PLANT IN THE WA WEST DISTRICT OF THE UPPER WEST REGION OF GHANA

Water safety and quality are fundamental to the well-being of humans, and hence providing access to safe water is one of the most effective ways of promoting good health. Contaminated water requires appropriate treatment to remove disease-causing agents. The study examined the effects of floods on water supply from the Jambusie Water Treatment Plant in the Wa West District of the Upper West Region of Ghana. The study adopted a cross-sectional design. The mixed-method approach (quantitative an...

SUSTAINABILITY OF COMMUNITY RESOURCE MANAGEMENT AREAS IN THE BLACK VOLTA BASIN, UPPER WEST REGION

The Community Resources Management Areas (CREMA) mechanism which is Ghana’s version of the Community Based Natural Resources Management (CBNRM) concept was introduced in the country by the Wildlife Division of the Forestry Division to ensure sustainable conservation and natural resources management. Since then, over 40 CREMAs has been established in Ghana. Three of these CREMAs were established in the Black Volta Basin, north of the Bui National Park to ensure sustainable conservation of th...

RESIDENTS’ PERCEPTIONS AND ATTITUDES TOWARDS WASTE MANAGEMENT IN THE WA MUNICIPALITY

Ghana like many other developing countries is faced with the challenge of waste management due to rapidly urbanizing cities and inefficient waste management systems. Many researchers have focused their work on the effect of land use and spatial planning on solid waste management and hardly on the perceptions and behavioural dimensions. This research was done to identify and assess the perceptions and attitudes that influence waste management in the Wa Municipality. The research used a mixed m...

EFFECTS OF WATER SERVICE QUALITY OF GHANA WATER COMPANY LIMITED ON CUSTOMER SATISFACTION IN THE WA TOWNSHIP

The Ghana Water Company (GWCL), until 2017 had relied on mechanized boreholes with daily production of 1,400m3 against a demand of 6,432m3 for people in the Wa township resulting in huge water supply deficit. The Wa township currently relies on a 15,500m3 capacity Jambuse Water Treatment Plant for water supply. This study sought to assess the effects of water service quality of GWCL on customer satisfaction in the Wa township with the introduction of this new plant. The specifics included the...

ECOTOURISM IMPACT ON RURAL LIVELIHOODS: AN ASSESSMENT OF THE WECHIAU COMMUNITY HIPPO SANCTUARY RESERVE IN THE WA WEST DISTRICT OF THE UPPER WEST REGION.

Ecotourism has been envisaged not only as an alternative to mass tourism, but also as a livelihood diversification strategy for rural people. Researchers have presented mixed arguments regarding the relationship between CBEP’s and rural livelihoods. It is highly difficult for one therefore to emphatically state that CBEP’s enhances rural livelihood. This study therefore set out to examine the link between rural livelihoods by conducting an in-depth assessment of the Wechiau Community Hipp...

USE OF INTEMPERATE LANGUAGE FOR POLITICAL BROADCASTS: A STUDY OF 2016 ELECTION WITHIN TAMALE METROPOLIS OF NORTHERN REGION OF GHANA

Studies have shown in Ghana that the mass media often serve as platforms for the use of intemperate language during political broadcasts. This study examined the implications of the use of intemperate language on radio during political broadcasts within the Tamale Metropolis. It aims at assessing the extent to which radio contributors in the Tamale Metropolis use intemperate language during political broadcasts. Using a mixed research design, primary data were obtained from radio Listener Gro...

GIRL CHILD EDUCATION AT THE PRE-TERTIARY LEVEL IN THE BUNKPURUGU/YUNYOO DISTRICT; ISSUES, CHALLENGES AND THE WAY FORWARD

The study sought to investigate the issues, challenges and find the way forward for female education at the pre-tertiary level of education in the Bunkpurugu Yunyoo District. To achieve this objective, the descriptive research design was employed to collect data from 153 respondents using questionnaire, interview schedule and interview guide. The study found that lack of parental care and encouragement of females at home by fathers is a critical factor affecting female education in the area. ...

FIELD EVALUATION OF SPECIFICITY AND SENSITIVITY OF A STANDARD SARS-COV-2 ANTIGEN RAPID DIAGNOSTIC TEST: A PROSPECTIVE STUDY AT A TEACHING HOSPITAL IN NORTHERN GHANA

The testing capacity for SARS-CoV-2 in Africa is rather limited. Antigen detection rapid diagnostic tests (Ag-RDTs) are a cheap and rapid alternative to reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) tests, but there is little data about their performance under real life conditions in tropical countries. The objective of this study is to evaluate the performance of a standard Ag-RDT in a population of a major hospital in northern Ghana. Prospective, cross-sectional, blinded verifica...

SCREENING FOR WASTING AND UNDERWEIGHT IN CHILDREN AGED 6 - 59 MONTHS PRESENTING TO THE OUTPATIENTS’ CLINIC OF A TERTIARY HOSPITAL: A RETROSPECTIVE STUDY

Background: Malnutrition is a major underlying factor in under-five mortality and morbidity. Early detection and management are key in preventing the associated complications. However, the nutritional status of children is not frequently assessed at outpatient clinics. Objective: This study aimed to determine the degree of wasting and underweight and their associated factors in children presenting at the outpatients’ department (OPD) of the Tamale Teaching Hospital. Methods: A 5-month retro...

The Lived Experiences of Postpartum Women in Ghana Regarding Nursing Care During Childbirth and their Concept of Care-A Phenomenological Study

Background: Studies have confirmed that the nurse during the period of delivery would be the deciding factor whether the woman would have a positive or negative birth experience. This positive or negative experience depends on the quality of nursing during this period. Hence it is important to know the concept of care from the perspective of postpartum women and their lived experience of nursing care during the period of childbirth. This is because patients’ satisfactory of services rendere...

FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH REPORTING GOOD MATERNAL HEALTH-RELATED KNOWLEDGE AMONG RURAL MOTHERS OF YEMEN

Abstract Increasing women’s knowledge about maternal health is an important step towards empowering them and making them aware of their rights and health status, allowing them to seek appropriate health care. In Yemen, the ongoing conflict has hampered the delivery of health information to women in public health facilities. This study examined rural women’s knowledge of, and attitude towards, maternal and child health in Yemen and identified the factors associated with good maternal healt...

ETHNOBOTANY, PHYTOCHEMISTRY AND PHARMACOLOGY OF PERICOPSIS LAXIFLORA (BAKER) MEEUWEN (LEGUMINOSAE) – A REVIEW

Pericopsis laxiflora (Family Leguminosae) is a medicinal plant that is ubiquitous especially in the tropical and savannah regions. There are many reports on folkloric and traditional medicinal uses that include haemorrhoids, rheumatism, abdominal pain treatment, diarrhoea, and dysentery, fever, skin diseases and jaundice. Peer-reviewed articles were gathered by consulting the databases of Scopus, Medline, Web of Science, PubMed, Science Direct and Google Scholar. Phytochemical investigations ...

INTERACTIONS AMONG CROSSBORDER CONTIGUOUS COMMUNITIES AND IMPLICATIONS FOR MANAGING PANDEMICS – THE CASE OF GHANA AND BURKINA FASO DURING THE EBOLA OUTBREAK IN WEST AFRICA: A QUALITATIVE STUD

Introduction: In sub-Saharan Africa, extensive migratory activities and interactions exist especially amongst unmanned cross-border communities between countries sharing common borders which complicate emergency public health interventions. Understanding the nature of these activities and interactions will help strengthen public health interventions and control of pandemics such as the Ebola outbreak and COVID-19. Objective: The study aimed to understand the nature of contiguous border commun...