Petroleum activity has been highly instrumental in yielding economic rewards for resource producing
countries and supplying a vital energy source, but it also has the potential to cause profound
environmental impacts. Oil pollution forms part of the general malaise of environmental pollution.
The disastrous effect of oil pollution is now beyond question. The restive situation in the Niger Delta
can be blamed on heinous environmental crimes and breach of good environmental management by
multinational oil companies. Over the past decades, the Niger Delta terrain has been overrun through
deliberate over-exploitation carried out in total disregard of the basic principles of sustainable
environmental management. The impact of the oil spill includes habitat degradation, pollution from
gas flaring and these are cumulative and have acted synergistically with other environmental stresses
to impair ecosystems and severely compromise human livelihoods and health. These unfortunate
incidents make the victims individuals and host community, landowners, pond owners and other
property owners to demand compensation and has progressively pushed the Niger Delta to the brink of
ecological disaster. Despite international treaties, declarations, industry best practices and the
recognition of their application in the absence of adequate environmental laws and enforcement in
developing countries such as Nigeria, environmental pollution from oil and gas activities continue
unabated. This paper sets out to examine the corporate civil liability and compensation regime for
environmental pollution in the Niger Delta. It will focus on legislation covering pollution in the Niger
Delta Region occasioned by oil and gas activities particularly, the basis of environmental policy and
legislation in Nigeria and including the concept of corporate social responsibility, its role in the Niger
Delta particularly considering the host communities’ needs, and more significantly, whether its
application erodes conformity with legal requirements and standards.
MORUFU, R (2018). Corporate Civil Liability and Compensation Regime for Environmental Pollution in the Niger Delta. Afribary.com: Retrieved May 26, 2019, from https://afribary.com/works/2076-pdf-morufu
RAIMI, MORUFU. "Corporate Civil Liability and Compensation Regime for Environmental Pollution in the Niger Delta" Afribary.com. Afribary.com, 19 Jul. 2018, https://afribary.com/works/2076-pdf-morufu . Accessed 26 May. 2019.
RAIMI, MORUFU. "Corporate Civil Liability and Compensation Regime for Environmental Pollution in the Niger Delta". Afribary.com, Afribary.com, 19 Jul. 2018. Web. 26 May. 2019. < https://afribary.com/works/2076-pdf-morufu >.
RAIMI, MORUFU. "Corporate Civil Liability and Compensation Regime for Environmental Pollution in the Niger Delta" Afribary.com (2018). Accessed May 26, 2019. https://afribary.com/works/2076-pdf-morufu