ASSESSMENT OF CABOTAGE ACT IMPLEMENTATION NIGERIA

Oluwole Olusegun 78 PAGES (17959 WORDS) Thesis
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This research assesses the implementation of Cabotage Act in Nigeria. The Act was enacted to empower domestic shipping operators to take control of the coastal shipping trade and from it, develop the Nigerian maritime Industry to be a force to reckon with in the world maritime trade. The aim of this study is to assess the degree of the implementation of the Cabotage act. Secondary data were used for this study, showing relationship between local and foreign operators in terms of revenue earned, ownership of Cabotage vessels, manning of Cabotage vessels, and Cabotage vessel building. The difference of means statistical method was used for this study and the hypothesis of this research was tested using a paired T-test method of analysis. H0A was accepted showing that there were no significant difference foreign and locally owned vessels; H0B was rejected showing that foreign operators were earning more than local operators; H0C was rejected showing that local manning was more than foreign manning; H0D was rejected showing the existence of more foreign built vessels compared to locally built vessels. The result of this analysis revealed that there has not been much improvement in the fortunes of indigenous shippers in the country. Therefore the body tasked with the implementation of this Act should shift its focus on just generating revenue from shippers but also ensuring that these indigenous shippers are well positioned in the Nigerian maritime industry. Regardless of the poor implementation of the Act, it still remains the hope for a vibrant indigenous shipping industry.


TABLE OF CONTENTS

CERTIFICATION i

DEDICATION ii

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS iii

ABSTRACT iv

TABLE OF CONTENTS v

LIST OF CHARTS x

CHAPTER ONE 1

INTRODUCTION 1

1.1 BACKGROUND 1

1.2 PROBLEM STATEMENT 3

1.3 RESEARCH QUESTIONS 4

1.4 AIM AND OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY 4

1.5 HYPOTHESES 5

1.6 SCOPE OF STUDY 5

1.7 JUSTIFICATION OF STUDY 5

CHAPTER TWO 6

LITERATURE REVIEW 6

2.1`NIGERIAN MARITIME INDUSTRY 6

2.1.1 Nigeria’s Initial Involvement in Shipping Trade 8

2.2 NIGERIAN MARITIME CABOTAGE 10

2.2.1 Overview of the Nigerian Cabotage 12

2.2.1.1 Registration 13

2.2.1.2 Waivers 13

2.2.1.3 Licences 14

2.2.1.4 Enforcement 14

2.2.1.5 Cabotage Vessel Financing Fund 15

2.2.1.6 Structure of the Act 15

2.2.1.7 Objectives of the Act 17

2.3 AN OVERVIEW OF OTHER NATION’S CABOTAGE 19

2.3.1 United States of America 19

2.3.2 Greece 20

2.3.3 Malaysia 20

2.3.4 Brazil 20

2.3.5 Denmark 21

2.3.6 India 21

2.3.7 Philippines 22

2.3.8 Australia 22

2.4 AGENCIES INVOLVED IN THE ENFORCEMENT OF CABOTAGE ACT 23

2.4.1 Nigerian Maritime Administration and Safety Agency Act, 2007 23

2.4.2 Nigerian Ports Authority 26

2.4.3 Nigerian Shippers Council 27

2.4.4 The National Inland Waterways Authority (NIWA) 27

2.5 ASSESSING THE IMPACT OF NIMASA AND ITS PROBLEMS 28

2.5.1 Seafarers’ Training Programme and Development 29

2.5.2 Historical Perspective of Seafarers’ Training in Nigeria 30

2.5.3 NIMASA Efforts to Provide Practical Training for Trainee Seafarers – Onboard Placement 32

2.5.4 Ship Building and Ship Repair Industry 33

2.6 CONSTRAINTS IN THE MARITIME CABOTAGE SERVICE AND THE CHALLENGES OF CABOTAGE LAW IN NIGERIA 34

2.6.1 Capacity Building 36

2.6.2 Over Regulation 38

2.6.3 Tonnage Availability Constraints 39

2.6.4 Financing Constraints 39

2.6.5 Human Resource Constraint 40

2.6.6 Institutional Factors 41

2.7 PROSPECTS OF CABOTAGE ACT 41

2.7.1 Growth of Inland Water Transportation 42

2.7.2 Increased Economic Activities 42

2.7.3 Development of Shipbuilding and Ship Repair Facilities 42

2.7.4 Increased Domestic Fleet 43

2.7.5 Employment Opportunities 43

2.7.6 Revenue Generation and Conservation of Foreign Exchange 43

2.7.7 National Defence and Security 44

CHAPTER THREE 45

METHODOLOGY 45

3.1 RESEARCH DESIGN 45

3.1.1 Ex Post Facto 45

3.2   SOURCE OF DATA 45

3.3   DATA ANALYSIS 46

CHAPTER FOUR 47

TESTING AND INTERPRETATION OF HYPOTHESIS 47

4.1 TEST OF HYPOTHESIS A 47

4.2 TEST OF HYPOTHESIS B 50

4.3 TEST OF HYPOTHESIS C 53

4.4 TEST OF HYPOTHESIS D 56

CHAPTER FIVE 59

SUMMARY, RECOMMENDATION AND CONCLUSION 59

5.1 SUMMARY OF FINDINGS 59

5.2 CONCLUSION 61

5.3 RECOMMENDATION 61

REFERENCES 63

APENDICES 66


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APA

Oluwole, O (2018). ASSESSMENT OF CABOTAGE ACT IMPLEMENTATION NIGERIA. Afribary.com: Retrieved March 26, 2019, from https://afribary.com/works/assessment-of-cabotage-act-implementation-nigeria

MLA 8th

Olusegun, Oluwole. "ASSESSMENT OF CABOTAGE ACT IMPLEMENTATION NIGERIA" Afribary.com. Afribary.com, 18 Dec. 2018, https://afribary.com/works/assessment-of-cabotage-act-implementation-nigeria . Accessed 26 Mar. 2019.

MLA7

Olusegun, Oluwole. "ASSESSMENT OF CABOTAGE ACT IMPLEMENTATION NIGERIA". Afribary.com, Afribary.com, 18 Dec. 2018. Web. 26 Mar. 2019. < https://afribary.com/works/assessment-of-cabotage-act-implementation-nigeria >.

Chicago

Olusegun, Oluwole. "ASSESSMENT OF CABOTAGE ACT IMPLEMENTATION NIGERIA" Afribary.com (2018). Accessed March 26, 2019. https://afribary.com/works/assessment-of-cabotage-act-implementation-nigeria