Design Control and Monitoring System Of Water Distribution Networks

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ABSTRACT 

Nowadays, water distribution network automation is becoming more and more popular day by day due to its numerous advantages, an internet-based water distribution network system focuses on monitoring and controlling water distribution network instance. Water distribution network face wastage of water due to improper water supply management, non-monitoring in real time, this caused scarcity of water, scarcity of water consider mainly problem in cities. water distribution network automation systems face four main problems: high cost of ownership, inflexibility, poor manageability, and difficulty in achieving security. The main objective of this study is to overcome these problems and design and implement a water distribution network monitoring and controlling system using Internet of Things (IoT) that can provides remote controlling and monitoring most of the network instance through an easy manageable web interface. The system consist of three nodes(main node, two branches node), communication between branches node and main node through xbee, all node to calculate consumption water quantity and bursts, leakage detection by using two sensors(pressure, flow) which connected to Arduino which connected to solenoid valve, this measured values send from branches nodes to main node, from main node to database then to webpage via Ethernet, by inverse from webpage can send frame to main node to controlling ON/OFF in specific solenoid valve, then Short Message Service(SMS) message special of water distribution network instance display on monitoring screen. The result of this study shows that the measured values received from all node stored in database and display on webpage, also can easily controlling from webpage in solenoid valve, also this system is able to reduces water scarcity problems.



List of Contents

I (الایة................................................................................................

DEDICATION… …………………………………….…………………………….(II

 ACKNOWLEDMENT…………………………………………………………….(III

 ABSTRACT………………………………………………………………………..(IV

V (المستخلص.........................................................................................

CHAPTER ONE………..…………………………………………………………….1

INTRODUCTION………...……………………………….…………………………1

1.1 Overview……………………..……………………….………………...…………1

1.2 Problem Statement…………………………………………….……..…..………..2

1.3 Proposed Solution…………………………....………………………..…..…...….2

1.4 Aim and Objectives.……………….……………………………………….…..….2

1.5 Methodology………………………………………..……………………………..……..3

1.6 Research Layout…………………………………….………………………….….3

CHAPTER TOW

BACKGROUND AND LITERATURE REVIEW………………………………..4

 2.1 Background……………………………………………………………..…………4

2.2 Arduino Microcontroller…………………………………………….…………….4

2.2.1 Arduino Hardware...………………………...……………………………….4

2.2.2 Arduino Software………………………………………….…………………5

2.2.3 Arduino Uno…………………………………………………………………6

2.3 Ethernet Module……………………………………………………………...……8

2.3.1 Ethernet Controller Features…..……………...…………………………….9

2.3.2 Transmission Speed of Ethernet……………………..………….…………..9

2.4 Xbee Module………………………..…………………………………….......….10

2.4.1 The Features of the Xbee module……………………..……………..…….10

2.5 Sensors…..…………………………………...………………………….……….11

2.5.1 while selecting……………………..…………………...…………….…….11

2.5.2 Sensor Classification……………………...………..…....…………………12

2.5.3 Flow Sensors………………………......……....………………………………12

2.5.3.1 Selection criteria of flow rate sensor………………….…...………….12

2.5.3.2 Specification of flow rate sensor………………………………………13

 2.5.3.3 Flow sensors Technology………………..………………..…………...13

2.5.4 pressure sensors…………………………………………………….…...……..17

2.5.4.1 pressure sensors Classification…………….…………….…………....18

2.5.4.2 Accuracy Specifications of pressure sensor………....……….……..….19

2.5.4.3 MPX4115………………………………………….....…..………….…19

2.5.4.4 Methods of measurement………..……………………………………..19

2.5.4.5 pressure sensing technologies…………..………...……………………20

2.6 Solenoid Valve…………………..……………………………………………….21

2.6.1 Types of Solenoid Valves………..………..…………………………….…21

2.6.2 Solenoid Valves work principle…………………..........……….………….21

2.7 Related Work………………………..…………………………………….……..22

2.7.1 Summary…………………………..………….…………………….……...25

CHAPTER THREE

METHODOLOGY………………………………..……………….……………….26

3.1 Introduction…………………………………...…………………………………26

3.2 System Block Digram……………...…………………………...……………….26

3.3 System Design Steps……………………………………..……………...………28

3.3.1 Branch Node…………………….……………..…………………………28

3.3.2 Main Node.…………………………………..……………………………29

3.3.3 Server (Web Site).………………..………………………………...……..29

3.4 Flow Chart of the system design…………….……………………..……………31

3.5 The System Implementation………………….…...……………………………..35

3.5.1 Simulation System Components.…………………..……..……………….35

3.5.2Software Requirements..……………………………..………………...…..37

CHAPTER FOUR

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION………………………………………………..…..43

4.1 Introduction………………………………………………………………………43

4.2 Result…………………………………………………………………………….43

4.2.1 Execute System Steps…….……………………………………………….43

4.3 Discussion……………………………………………………………….…….…62

CHAPTER FIVE

CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS……………………………….63

5.1 Conclusions………………………….……………………….…………………63

5.2 Recommendations…..…………………..………………………………………63

5.3 Reference………………………………………………………………………..64

5.4 Appendix….………………………………………………………………….…66

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APA

Consults, E. & Hassan, R (2023). Design Control and Monitoring System Of Water Distribution Networks. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/design-control-and-monitoring-system-of-water-distribution-networks

MLA 8th

Consults, Education, and Rania Hassan "Design Control and Monitoring System Of Water Distribution Networks" Afribary. Afribary, 09 Jan. 2023, https://afribary.com/works/design-control-and-monitoring-system-of-water-distribution-networks. Accessed 31 Jan. 2023.

MLA7

Consults, Education, and Rania Hassan . "Design Control and Monitoring System Of Water Distribution Networks". Afribary, Afribary, 09 Jan. 2023. Web. 31 Jan. 2023. < https://afribary.com/works/design-control-and-monitoring-system-of-water-distribution-networks >.

Chicago

Consults, Education and Hassan, Rania . "Design Control and Monitoring System Of Water Distribution Networks" Afribary (2023). Accessed January 31, 2023. https://afribary.com/works/design-control-and-monitoring-system-of-water-distribution-networks