INFLUENCE OF MONITORING AND EVALUATION ON PROJECT SUSTAINABILITY IN NIGERIA, A CASE STUDY OF LOCAL EMPOWERMENT AND ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT PROJECT (LEEMP) IN BENUE STATE

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ABSTRACT

This study examines the Influence of Monitoring and Evaluation on Project Sustainability in
Nigeria, A Case Study of Local Empowerment and Environmental Management Project
(LEEMP) in Benue State. Monitoring and Evaluation (M & E) helps to track project
performance at any given time and provides reasons for an observed project status. In this
study, M & E was defined as the key component of project management that gives control
over the main parameters that define a project; scope, quality, resources, completion time and
cost, as well as play major role in ensuring sustainability of the project.

The objectives of the study were to determine the influence of monitoring and evaluation plan
on project performance and sustainability in Nigeria; Investigate the extent to which
monitoring and evaluation contribute to project performance and sustainability in Nigeria;
Examine the implication of implementing development project without monitoring and
evaluation plan; and Interrogate the benefits of adoption monitoring and evaluation
framework on project performance and sustainability in Nigeria.

The literatures reviewed on M & E traced the evolution of M & E and examined the
paradigm shifts that have occurred from viewing M & E as a mere tracking tool to
sustainability component. Given the research objective, design and methods, data collection
and analysis were guided by the descriptive statistics. This approach was selected as the most
appropriate for addressing the research questions. Secondary data as well as primary data
sourced from interviews of 60 participants conducted through focus group discussion in 6
communities and 140 questionnaires were employed.

Data analysis was conducted using both quantitative and qualitative method. The results
show that monitoring and evaluation, indeed has influence on project performance and
sustainability. Furthermore, the results show that the implication of implementing
development project without monitoring and evaluation plan include lack of stakeholder
engagement, lack of communication, and lack of clear roles and responsibilities, which will
in turn leads to poor project performance and lack of sustainability. The study concluded that
the monitoring and evaluation has direct influence on project performance and sustainability.
Hence, Monitoring and evaluation should be comprehensive enough to measure the
relevance, impact, sustainability and efficiency of a project or development interventions.

Keywords: Monitoring, Evaluation, Project, Sustainability, Performance.

Wordcount: 338 Words


TABLE OF CONTENT

TITLE PAGE I
CERTIFICATION II
DEDICATION III
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS IV
TABLE OF CONTENT V
LIST OF TABLES VIII
ABSTRACT XI

CHAPTER ONE 1
INTRODUCTION 1
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY 1
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM 3
1.3 RESEARCH QUESTIONS 4
1.4 RESEARCH OBJECTIVES 4
1.5 SCOPE OF THE STUDY 5
1.6 SIGNIFICANT OF STUDY 5
1.7 OPERATIONAL DEFINITIONS OF SIGNIFICANT TERMS 6

CHAPTER TWO 8
LITERATURE REVIEW 8
2.0 INTRODUCTION 8
2.1 THE CONCEPT OF SUSTAINABILITY DEVELOPMENT 8
2.1.1 SUSTAINABILITY DEFINED 9
2.1.2 SUSTAINABILITY FACTORS 10
2.1.3 PROJECT AND PROJECT IMPLEMENTATION 14
2.2.1 PROJECT LIFE CYCLE 16
2.2.2 SEGMENTS OF PROJECT SUSTAINABILITY 20

2.3 MONITORING AND EVALUATION AND INFLUENCE ON PROJECT
PERFORMACE/SUSTAINABILITY 21
2.3.1 Evolution of Monitoring and Evaluation 21
2.3.2 Types of Monitoring and Evaluation 22
2.3.3 Monitoring and Evaluation Activities 23
2.3.4 Monitoring and Evaluation Planning and Project Performance/Sustainability 25
2.3.5 Monitoring and Evaluation Training and Project Performance/Sustainability 26
2.3.6 Baseline Surveys and Project Performance/Sustainability 28
2.4 THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK 30
2.5 CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK 31
2.6 LOCAL EMPOWERMENT AND ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT
PROJECT (LEEMP) IN NIGERIA 33

CHAPTER THREE 34
RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 34
3.0 INTRODUCTION 34
3.1 AREA OF STUDY 34
3.1.1 Economic Activities 36
3.2 RESEARCH DESIGN 38
3.3 METHOD OF DATA COLLECTION 38
3.3.1 Focus Group Discussion 39
3.3.2 Questionnaire 39
3.3.3 Administration of Questionnaires 39
3.4 SOURCES OF DATA COLLECTION 40
3.4.1 Primary Sources 40
3.4.2 Secondary Sources 40
3.5 SAMPLING 40
3.5.1 Sample Size 41
3.5.2 Sampling Technique 41
3.5.3 SAMPLE SIZE DETERMINATION AND SELECTION 41
3.6 INSTRUMENTATION 42
3.7 DATA ANALYSIS METHOD 43

CHAPTER FOUR 44
DATA PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION 44
4.0 INTRODUCTION 44
4.1 QUANTITATIVE ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION OF RESULT 44
4.1.1 Analysis of Questionnaires 44
4.1.2 Respondents’ Profile 44
4.1.3 Monitoring Planning Practice 47
4.1.4 Monitoring and Evaluation Practices 50
4.1.5 Community Participation and Relevance of LEEMP 51
4.1.6 Project Performance and Sustainability 53
4.2 QUALITATIVE ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION OF RESULTS 56
4.2.1 Analysis of Interviews and Focus Group Discussions 56

CHAPTER FIVE 60
SUMMARY OF FINDINGS, DISCUSSION, CONCLUSIONS AND
RECOMMENDATIONS 60

5.0 INTRODUCTION 60
5.1 SUMMARY 60
5.2 CONCLUSION 62
5.3 RECOMMENDATIONS 63
5.4 SUGGESTION FOR FURTHER RESEARCH 64

REFERENCES 65

APPENDICES…………..…………………………………………………………………..74
Appendix I………..…………………………………………………………………………..74
Appendix II…………………………….…………………………………………………….76

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APA

Emmanuel, T. & (, T (2022). INFLUENCE OF MONITORING AND EVALUATION ON PROJECT SUSTAINABILITY IN NIGERIA, A CASE STUDY OF LOCAL EMPOWERMENT AND ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT PROJECT (LEEMP) IN BENUE STATE. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/influence-of-monitoring-and-evaluation-on-project-sustainability-in-nigeria-a-case-study-of-local-empowerment-and-environmental-management-project-leemp-in-benue-state

MLA 8th

Emmanuel, Theophilus, and THEOPHILUS ( "INFLUENCE OF MONITORING AND EVALUATION ON PROJECT SUSTAINABILITY IN NIGERIA, A CASE STUDY OF LOCAL EMPOWERMENT AND ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT PROJECT (LEEMP) IN BENUE STATE" Afribary. Afribary, 04 Jul. 2022, https://afribary.com/works/influence-of-monitoring-and-evaluation-on-project-sustainability-in-nigeria-a-case-study-of-local-empowerment-and-environmental-management-project-leemp-in-benue-state. Accessed 15 Aug. 2022.

MLA7

Emmanuel, Theophilus, and THEOPHILUS ( . "INFLUENCE OF MONITORING AND EVALUATION ON PROJECT SUSTAINABILITY IN NIGERIA, A CASE STUDY OF LOCAL EMPOWERMENT AND ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT PROJECT (LEEMP) IN BENUE STATE". Afribary, Afribary, 04 Jul. 2022. Web. 15 Aug. 2022. < https://afribary.com/works/influence-of-monitoring-and-evaluation-on-project-sustainability-in-nigeria-a-case-study-of-local-empowerment-and-environmental-management-project-leemp-in-benue-state >.

Chicago

Emmanuel, Theophilus and (, THEOPHILUS . "INFLUENCE OF MONITORING AND EVALUATION ON PROJECT SUSTAINABILITY IN NIGERIA, A CASE STUDY OF LOCAL EMPOWERMENT AND ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT PROJECT (LEEMP) IN BENUE STATE" Afribary (2022). Accessed August 15, 2022. https://afribary.com/works/influence-of-monitoring-and-evaluation-on-project-sustainability-in-nigeria-a-case-study-of-local-empowerment-and-environmental-management-project-leemp-in-benue-state