Abstract- Palm kernel production potentials of several countries are far from been fully exploited. At present, many countries are operating below expected capacity. The motive of the project work is based on fabrication and modification of a palm kernel cracker and separator, so as to help farmers improve the efficiency of output based on time, reduce stress and injuries they incur in the process of cracking palm kernel and separating the kernel seed from the shells manually.
The major principles of operation of the machine are; rotation, impact and translator motion. The cracking chamber works with the principles of rotation and impact, rotation of the fan and impact against the cracking chamber wall, the rotating fan throws the palm kernel against the cracking chamber wall, thereby causing it to crack open. The cracked kernel gets into the separating unit, in which the cracked shell drop to the ground due to the to and fro motion of the separating mesh, thereby separating the shell from the seed. The major source of power is through a 3Hp electric motor. The major design considerations are the physical and mechanical properties of palm kernel like the size of the palm kernel (ranges from 6 mm – 26 mm), angle of repose of the kernel seed and kernel shell (which are found to be and respectively) and the force require to crack the palm kernel (30 N).
The performance of the machine was evaluated in terms of efficiency of the cracker and separator which were found to be 96% and 80.03% respectively. These were evaluated base on the number of cracked palm kernels, recovered kernel seeds and level of shell separation results. The result shows that the separation technique is viable for effective separation of the dry palm kernel and shell mixture.
Thus, the performance of palm kernel cracker and separator machine is largely dependent on the physical state of the palm kernel such as size of the kernel. Effective separation of palm kernel from shell is an important downstream industrial utilization of the constituents.
Olumide, O (2019). Modification of Palm Kernel Cracking and Separating Machine. Afribary.com: Retrieved December 07, 2019, from https://afribary.com/works/modification-of-palm-kernel-cracking-and-separating-machine
Oludare, Olumide. "Modification of Palm Kernel Cracking and Separating Machine" Afribary.com. Afribary.com, 07 Jul. 2019, https://afribary.com/works/modification-of-palm-kernel-cracking-and-separating-machine . Accessed 07 Dec. 2019.
Oludare, Olumide. "Modification of Palm Kernel Cracking and Separating Machine". Afribary.com, Afribary.com, 07 Jul. 2019. Web. 07 Dec. 2019. < https://afribary.com/works/modification-of-palm-kernel-cracking-and-separating-machine >.
Oludare, Olumide. "Modification of Palm Kernel Cracking and Separating Machine" Afribary.com (2019). Accessed December 07, 2019. https://afribary.com/works/modification-of-palm-kernel-cracking-and-separating-machine