Provocation As A Defence To Criminal Liability: The Nigerian Perspective

Thompson Omoigui 165 PAGES (35110 WORDS) Law Project
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ABSTRACT
 One of the defences open to an accused which may exculpate or mitigate him from criminal liability is provocation. The law recognizes that human beings are prone to losing their control under extreme rage and should they react violently, justice demands that account be taken of this natural tendency of theirs in inflicting punishment. The defence of provocation is available to an accused as a mitigating defence rather than an absolute one because much as the law recognizes human weakness, it does not condone human ferocity.
This project work shall attempt a detailed examination of provocation as a defence to criminal liability largely concentrating on the Nigerian perspective.
In order to achieve this objective, the work is divided thus:Chapter one will give a general introduction to provocation, what is a crime, elements of crime, criminal liability, the definition of provocation as defence, the defences which are open to an accused under the Nigerian criminal justice system, the historical development of the defence of provocation and also the justification for the defence of provocation. Chapter two will cover expressly the defence of provocation under the Nigerian Law, the elements that sufficiently constitute  provocation and the offences to which provocation is a defence under Nigerian Law, it will also cover an analysis of some of the Nigerian cases on the defence of provocation. Chapter three will focus on the restrictions and limitations of provocation as a defence, the rule of proportionality as a limitation to the plea of provocation, the reasonable man’s test, the issue of retreat and provocation by a third party,  Chapter four will focus on the conclusion and recommendation.
The methodology of the research is Doctrinal, Analytical and Argumentative. Information shall be sought from law libraries and the internet. Recourse shall be made to books, journals, law reports and statutes.


TABLE OF CONTENT
TITLE PAGE  i
CERTIFICATIONii
DEDICATIONiii
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTSiv
TABLE OF STATUTESvi
TABLE OF CASESvii
LIST OF ABBREVIATIONSxv
TABLE OF CONTENTxvii
ABSTRACTxix

CHAPTER ONE1
PRELIMINARY CONSIDERATIONS1
1.1INTRODUCTION1
1.2CRIME4
1.3ELEMENTS OF CRIME18
1.4THE PRINCIPLE OF CRIMINAL LIABILITY23
1.5DEFINITION OF PROVOCATION AS A DEFENCE29
1.6HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE DEFENSE OF PROVOCATION31
1.7JUSTIFICATION FOR THE DEFENCE OF PROVOCATION37

CHAPTER TWO43
THE DEFENCE OF PROVOCATION UNDER NIGERIA LAW43
2.2DEFINITION OF PROVOCATION UNDER NIGERIA LAW45
2.2ELEMENTS OF PROVOCATION UNDER NIGERIA LAW51
2.2.1THE PROVOCATIVE ACT53
2.2.2 LOSS OF SELF-CONTROL79
2.2.3RULE OF PROPORTIONALITY85
2.3OFFENCES TO WHICH PROVOCATION IS A DEFENCE88
2.3.2ASSAULT91
2.3.3MANSLAUGHTER93
2.3.4DEFAMATION OFFENCES AND MALICIOUS DAMAGE93
2.4AN ANALYSIS OF SOME OF THE NIGERIAN CASES ON PROVOCATION DEFENCE94

CHAPTER THREE105
RESTRICTIONS AND LIMITATIONS OF THE DEFENCE OF PROVOCATION105
3.1THE RULE OF PROPORTIONALITY107
3.2THE REASONABLE MAN’S TEST115
3.3THE ISSUE OF RETREAT131

CHAPTER FOUR141
4.1CONCLUSION141
4.2RECOMMENDATION144
BIBLIOGRAPHY148

 

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Provocation As A Defence To Criminal Liability

The research work is good. Chapter three has no foot notes. Great work, please keep it up. Thank you.

Written By: Faje Danladi June 27th, 2022 0 of 0 people found this useful
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APA

Omoigui, T. (2018). Provocation As A Defence To Criminal Liability: The Nigerian Perspective. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/provocation-as-a-defence-to-criminal-liability-the-nigerian-perspective-977

MLA 8th

Omoigui, Thompson "Provocation As A Defence To Criminal Liability: The Nigerian Perspective" Afribary. Afribary, 29 Jan. 2018, https://afribary.com/works/provocation-as-a-defence-to-criminal-liability-the-nigerian-perspective-977. Accessed 30 Jan. 2023.

MLA7

Omoigui, Thompson . "Provocation As A Defence To Criminal Liability: The Nigerian Perspective". Afribary, Afribary, 29 Jan. 2018. Web. 30 Jan. 2023. < https://afribary.com/works/provocation-as-a-defence-to-criminal-liability-the-nigerian-perspective-977 >.

Chicago

Omoigui, Thompson . "Provocation As A Defence To Criminal Liability: The Nigerian Perspective" Afribary (2018). Accessed January 30, 2023. https://afribary.com/works/provocation-as-a-defence-to-criminal-liability-the-nigerian-perspective-977