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Implications Of Climate Change On Wild Food Availability Among Huntergatherers In Mbulu District, Tanzania

ABSTRACT Climate change has threatened agriculture production, food security and nutrition in many parts of the world. Rising of temperature and increase in drought are projected to decrease agricultural productionhence food insecurity. Indigenous people who depend much on natural resources are most vulnerable tofood insecurity. Hadza community in Tanzania depends on wild food as their main source of food. There is increasing acceptance that, the current climate change may affect the quantit...

PARENTS' PREFERRED LOCUS OF RESPONSIBILITY FOR FUNDING SECONDARY EDUCATION: A CASE STUDY OF ASSIN DISTRICTS OF GHANA.

ABSTRACT The purpose of this study was to find out parents' preferred locus of responsibility for funding secondary education and whether these loci differ by type of community. Six research questions and five hypotheses were formulated to direct the study. A total sample of 509 parents from 13 communities were involved 10 the study. These consisted of 162, 163 and 184 respondents from urban, semi-urban and rural areas respectively. The stratified, systematic and simple random sampling techni...

FACTORS AFFECTING ADOPTION DECISION OF WHEAT ROW PLANTING TECHNOLOGY: THE CASE OF AGARFA DISTRICT, BALE ZONE OF OROMIA NATIONAL REGIONAL STATE, ETHIOPIA

Abstract: Ethiopian economy is highly dependent on agriculture, especially crop production takes the major share in economic growth. Hence, supporting the sector through introducing new agricultural technologies, like row planting technology is crucial. However, application of better technologies remained low in Ethiopia and also in the study area due to several factors. Therefore, study was to assess the status of adoption decision of wheat row planting technology and identify factors affec...

Impact of Small-Scale Irrigation on Household Food Security Status in Jarso District, East Hararghe Zone, Oromia National Regional State Ethiopia

Abstract: Ethiopian rural households are heavily reliant on small-scale, rain-fed agriculture for their livelihoods. The use of existing water resources for irrigation development is the most promising answer to the country's unpredictable rainfall patterns and periodic droughts, which make agricultural production challenging and to enhance the food security of smallholder farmers. The primary goal of this study was to assess the determinants of SSI participation and the impact of SSI on hou...

FARMERS’ PERCEIVED SUSTAINABILITY OF COTTON PRODUCTION UNDER THE GEZIRA SCHEME IN SUDAN

ABSTRACT Cotton production plays an important role in farmers’ livelihood in the Gezira State in the Sudan. Cotton is the main cash crop produced in the scheme. However, sustainability of cotton production in the Gezira Scheme has been an interesting issue, especially, after the noticeable deterioration of the cotton industry in the last few years. This study determined the environmental and economic sustainability of cotton production in the Gezira Scheme as perceived by farmers who are t...

Assessment Of Floodwater Harvesting Infrastructures In The Namibian Cuvelai-Etosha Basin

Abstract The Cuvelai-Etosha Basin lies in north-central Namibia and due to the prevailing climatic situation, the basin is dominated by strong seasonal and annual variations of either very dry conditions with drought or heavy flooding in certain years. A growing population in the Cuvelai-Etosha Basin has resulted in increased demand for water for daily use and agricultural activities. Floodwater Harvesting Infrastructures are considered to be a more effective way to solve those problems. Henc...

The Contribution Of Little Ruaha River To The Income Of The Adjacent Households, Iringa, Tanzania

ABSTRACT This research for assessing the contribution of Little Ruaha River to the income of the adjacent households was conducted in four selected villages. The main focus was on assessing how individuals, households and communities depend on the river for their income. Specifically, the study aimed at examining the river regime changes for the past 47 years, assessing the main economic activities practiced by people in the elected villages, determining the contribution of the river to the ...

Influence Of Common Interest Group Membership On Productivity Of Smallholder Indigenous Chicken Enterprise In Kisumu East Sub-county Kisumu County Kenya

Extension strategies that stimulate commercialization of smallholder farming aim to increase agricultural productivity. The National Agriculture and Livestock Extension Programme (NALEP) working with smallholder farmers introduced Common Interest Groups (CIGs) approach. CIG is a congregation of farmers brought together for the purpose of imparting technologies to increase farm productivity. When farmers come together through indigenous chicken Common Interest Groups, it is expected that ...

PRODUCTION RISK AND TECHNICAL EFFICIENCY OF LOWLAND RICE FARMS IN ASHANTI REGION, GHANA

ABSTRACT The study was conducted to analyse production risk and technical efficiency of lowland rice farms in Ashanti region using adjusted stochastic production frontier. Cross sectional data for 2014 cropping season was collected from 200 sampled rice farms using multistage sampling technique. The results of the study revealed very low utilization of improved seed (42.8 kg/ha) by famers as against the standard quantity of 100kg/ha. Among the farm inputs used, fertilizer and improved seed we...

The Effectiveness Of Urban Agriculture As A Survival Strategy Among Gweru Urban Farmers In Zimbabwe

ABTSTRACT Almost 70 percent of the respondents maintained that urban agriculture is important for them as they use all the produce for household consumption. They also highlighted that the crops provide them with fresh supplies and a variety of food cheaply. Almost the same number of people produces less than 6 bags (50 kg) of maize yearly. About 18 percent produce 7-15 bags while the rest could not quantify their produce. Some rear chickens and pigs for sale and grow crops in order to feed t...

Impact of Ngos Intervention on Capacity Development of Small Scale Farmers: A Case of Ward 5 of Mutasa Disrtict.

ABSTRACT.  NGOs have played a pivotal role towards capacity development of small scale farmers through provision of agricultural information. This study assesses the impact of NGOs intervention on capacity development of small scale farmers in ward 5 of Mutasa district in Manicaland province. The objectives of this study were to assess the capacity needs of farmers, evaluate contribution made by NGOs to enhance capacity of farmers in ward 5 of Mutasa District as well as to assess the challen...

Effectiveness Of Deficit Irrigation Scheduling On Crop Water Use Efficiency- A Case Of French Beans In Njoro Nakuru Countykenya

ABSTRACT Producing enough food in Kenya to better feed people and generate adequate income for the farmers is a great challenge. This challenge is likely to intensity, with a population that is projected to increase to 66.3 million in 2030. Scarce water resources and growing competition for water will be reduce its availability for irrigation, which necessitating major changes in irrigation management and scheduling in order to increase the efficiency of use of water that is allocated to agr...

Gender Influence on Soil Fertility and Water Management Technologies Uptake among Smallholder Farmers in Tharaka Nithi County

Abstract Degraded landscapes and soil water stress are long-standing problems to smallholder agriculture in the drylands. Despite the important roles of soil and water conservation in restoring degraded landscapes and improving agricultural productivity, the technologies are yet to be adopted to their fullest extent. This can be attributed to gender-linked disparities in agricultural technology utilization. This study, therefore, sought to evaluate gender-specific choice and use-intensity de...

Effect of research and development on agricultural sector growth in the East African community

his study empirically examined the effect of research and development on agricultural sector growthin East African Community from the year 2000-2014. According to the endogenous growth theory,research and development leads to increase in the stock of knowledge which in turn has got spill overeffects hence leads to economic growth. However, little is known on the effect of R&D on theagricultural sector in the EAC hence the study sought to bridge this knowledge gap. The objective ofthis study w...

Use Of Biofertilizer Produced From Fermented Organic Wastes In The Production Of Okra

ABSTRACT The experiments were conducted at the Department of Crop Science Analytical Laboratory and green house of Faculty of Agriculture, University of Nigeria, Nsukka. Experiment one was an analysis of the nutrient contents of fermented and unfermented plant waste materials using the official method of analysis of Association of Official Analytical Chemists (AOAC). Experiment two was on assessment of the effects of plant wastes and different forms of organic manure fermented for one or two...


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