A Critic of the Law of Adoption in Uganda

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

DEDICATION ................................................................................. ........................................... ;

DECLARATION ........................................................................................... ............................ ii

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT .................................... ............. .... ............... ................................... iii

ABSTRACT .............................................................................................................................. iv

LIST OF CASES ............................................................................................. ......................... V

LIST OF STATUTES . ................................................................................................ ......... ... vi

CHAPTER ONE ........................................................................................... .................. 1

1.1 INTRODUCTION ............................................................................................................. 1

1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM .......................................................................... .4

1.3 RATIONALE .................... ............................. .. ............. ..................... ............. ...... .. ... ... ...... 5

1.4 HYPOTHESIS ................................................................................................................... 5

1.5. METHODOLOGY ............................................................................................... ............ 5

1. 6. LITERATURE REVIEW .............................. ......................................................... ......... 6

CHAPTER TWO .......... ................................................................................................ 15

2 .1.THE HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF ADOPTION ........................................... 15

CHAPTER THREE ... ...................................................................... .............. ...... .. .. .. .......... .. 19

3.1.THE PERIOD BEFORE THE PASSING OF THE ADOPTION ACT l 9.::~3 ...... 19

3.2.THE BAGANDA ............................................................................................................. 20

3.3.THE BASOGA ................................................................................................................ 20

3.4.THE BACHIGA OF WESTERN UGANDA ............................................................... 21

3.5.THE BANYANKOLE OF WESTERN UGANDA. ..................................................... 22

vii

CHAPTER FOUR ........................................................................................................ 23

4. l.ORIGIN OF ADOPTION LAWS IN UGANDA ......................................................... 23

4.2 .RECEPTION OF ENGLISH LAW IN UGANDA ............ .......................................... 23

4.3.THE BEGINNING OF LEGAL ADOPTION IN UGANDA .................................... 26

4.4.WHY PEOPLE ADOPT CHILDREN .......................................................................... 27

4 .5.CAUSES OF ADOPTION ............................................................................................. 28

5. l.CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF THE LAW RELATING TO ADOPTION .................... 30

5 .2 .THE UNITED NATIONS DECLARATION ON THE RIGHTS OF CHILDREN,

THE UNITED NATIONS CONVENTION OF THE RIGHTS OF CHILDREN AND

THE LAW OF ADOPTION IN UGANDA. .......... ............................................................... 42

5 . 3 INADEQUANCIES OF ADOPTION LAW .......................................... .................... .44

CHAPTER SIX ............................................................................................................ 45

6. l.RECOMMENDATIONS ....................................................................................... ......... 45

6.2 CONCLUSION ....................................................................................................... ........ .47

ABSTRACT. The research is majorly set to critically examine the law relating to adoption of children in Uganda. Adoption refers to the vesting of parental rights and duties related to a child in the adopters on their application to the court vested with jurisdiction to grant an adoption order. The topic is examining whether the law confirms lo the social, economic needs of Uganda today, whether the law is not an obstacle Lo the adoption practice. The discussion will in ter alia cover the jurisdiction of adoption applications, pre requisites, conditions , consent, inter coun try adoption, effecls of adoption, procedure for a doption, wills by adopter and adopLive parents and revolu tion of property. The Children Act Cap 59 has got un necessary technicalities, unreasonable conditions and requirements, a lot of inadequacies, a complicated procedure and effects which defeat the interests of legislation. The major aim is to analyze the law relating lo adoption of child ren under th e Children Act Cap59 As earlier on noted ,the law is silent on whether the adopted chiid can voluntarily end the adoption, its very strict and the Act docs not protect the child after the adoption order is granted. The law should be amended to provide for volunlary cndin~ ,Jf adoption by the child, Lhe strictness of the law pcrse is not bad, iL should be relaxed to encourage adoption, the !av,, should provide for mechanisms of monitoring and ensuring Lhat the adopted children are safe and a re adequately catered for, the law should not only look at children in foster care homes but also others such as Lhe street children. It is my submission in conclusion that the iaw presupposes a complete and a total separation of a child from his or her natural parent s Lo lhal of the adopter through the effect of the law. However, Lhc law as it stands under the Children Act leaves much Lo be desired, various provisions were omitted a nd even those are nol perfect in nature'. Thus the law has to a large extent failed lo conform to the social economic needs of majority Ugandans. Therefore it is high ly doublablc whether the law relating lo adopLion will leave to Lhe cxpeclaLions of pc1r!1c1ment if no immediate reforms are not made and effected.

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APA

Frontiers, E. & NOBERT, A (2022). A Critic of the Law of Adoption in Uganda. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/a-critic-of-the-law-of-adoption-in-uganda

MLA 8th

Frontiers, Edu, and ALIBANKOHA NOBERT "A Critic of the Law of Adoption in Uganda" Afribary. Afribary, 18 Aug. 2022, https://afribary.com/works/a-critic-of-the-law-of-adoption-in-uganda. Accessed 05 Oct. 2022.

MLA7

Frontiers, Edu, and ALIBANKOHA NOBERT . "A Critic of the Law of Adoption in Uganda". Afribary, Afribary, 18 Aug. 2022. Web. 05 Oct. 2022. < https://afribary.com/works/a-critic-of-the-law-of-adoption-in-uganda >.

Chicago

Frontiers, Edu and NOBERT, ALIBANKOHA . "A Critic of the Law of Adoption in Uganda" Afribary (2022). Accessed October 05, 2022. https://afribary.com/works/a-critic-of-the-law-of-adoption-in-uganda