A Critical Analysis into The Right to Information Since 1962 To Date

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Table of contents

Declaration ............................................................................................................... ii

Approval ................................................................................................................. iii

Dedication ............................................................................................................... iv

Acknowledgement .................................................................................................... v

Table of contents ..................................................................................................... vi

Acronyms ............................................................................................................... viii

Abstract .................................................................................................................. ix

CHAPTER ONE .......................................................................................................... 1

INTRODUCING THE RESEARCH ................................................................................. 1

1.0 Introduction ........................................................................................................ 1

1.1 Background of the Study ..................................................................................... 1

1.2 Statement of the Problem .................................................................................... 4

1.3 Purpose of the Study ........................................................................................... 5

1.4 Research Objectives ............................................................................................ 5

1.5 Research Questions ............................................................................................. 5

1.6 Scope of the study .............................................................................................. 5

1. 7 Methodology ....................................................................................................... 5

1.8 Literature review ................................................................................................. 6

CHAPTER TWO ....................................................................................................... 14

ROLE OF THE RIGHT TO ACCESS INFORMATION IN UGANDA ................................... 14

2.1 The History of ATI in Uganda ............................................................................. 14

CHAPTER THREE .................................................................................................... 23

ENABLING ENVIRONMENT FOR TRANSPARENCY ...................................................... 23

vi

3.1 Constitution of Uganda, 1995 ............................................................................. 23

3.2 Access to Information Act, 2005 ........................................................................ 25

3.3 Access to Information Regulations, 2011 ............................................................ 32

3.4 An Analysis of ATI Related Legislation ................................................................ 34

CHAPTER FOUR ...................................................................................................... 43

CHALLENGES AND CONSTRAINTS IN THE RIGHT TO ACCESS OF INFORMATION IN

UGANDA ................................................................................................................ 43

4.1 Institutional Infrastructure ................................................................................. 43

4.2 NEMA ............................................................................................................... 44

4.3 UWA ................................................................................................................ 46

4.4 Wetlands Management Department ................................................................... 46

4.5 NFA .................................................................................................................. 48

4.5 Results of requesting under the ATI law ............................................................. 52

4.6Requesting under the various sectoral laws ......................................................... 54

CHAPTER FIVE ....................................................................................................... 56

CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS ................................................................. 56

5.1 Conclusion ........................................................................................................ 56

5.2 Recommendations ............................................................................................. 58

References ............................................................................................................. 61  

Abstract This research aims to assess the right to access of information in Uganda since its achieving of independence in 1962 to date. Uganda has made significant progress in policy and legal reforms to ensure that information in the hands of the government is accessible by the public. In 2005, the Access to Information Act No. 6 of 2005 was enacted to operationalise and give effect to article 41 of the Constitution. Specifically, the Act was intended to: promote an efficient, effective, transparent and accountable government, give effect to article 41 of the Constitution, promote transparency and accountability in all organs of the state, empower the public to effectively scrutinise and participate in government decisions and to protect persons disclosing evidence of corruption or contravention of the law in public bodies. Uganda's natural resource laws provide for the right to access environmental information within the confines of government. This has wide implications for environmental management as these sectoral laws have largely facilitated access to various information held by public institutions . . This report traces the history of access to information research in Uganda and the events that have steered the ATI campaign as well as the impact of such events. Highlighting selected court cases that have been brought before Ugandan courts of law that have an impact on ATI, a description is made of the enabling legal environment for the ATI covering the Constitution, ATI Act and assesses the right of access, procedures for requesting, appeals, exemptions as well as sanctions. It comprises an analysis and review of the laws relating to ATI from framework law to sectoral law. Inaddition, it discusses the correlation between the ATI laws and other information laws highlighting inconsistencies, challenges in implementation and how these could impact on the actual enforcement of the law. It then underscores the areas that require reforms to be put in place with respect to institutional capacity needs among others. It illustrates transparency provisions in sectoral laws in the environment and natural resources sector, depicting the information provisions of the laws, those that are consistent with ATI laws across the sector .. It presents the findings of the research, putting the legal analysis, institutional assessment as well as the proactive release of information into perspective including the opportunities that exist for redress .. It proposes key strategies and recommendations for active engagement and taking forward the right to ATI campaign in Uganda.

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APA

Frontiers, E. & DANIEl, N (2022). A Critical Analysis into The Right to Information Since 1962 To Date. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/a-critical-analysis-into-the-right-to-information-since-1962-to-date

MLA 8th

Frontiers, Edu, and NASASIRA DANIEl "A Critical Analysis into The Right to Information Since 1962 To Date" Afribary. Afribary, 19 Aug. 2022, https://afribary.com/works/a-critical-analysis-into-the-right-to-information-since-1962-to-date. Accessed 28 Sep. 2022.

MLA7

Frontiers, Edu, and NASASIRA DANIEl . "A Critical Analysis into The Right to Information Since 1962 To Date". Afribary, Afribary, 19 Aug. 2022. Web. 28 Sep. 2022. < https://afribary.com/works/a-critical-analysis-into-the-right-to-information-since-1962-to-date >.

Chicago

Frontiers, Edu and DANIEl, NASASIRA . "A Critical Analysis into The Right to Information Since 1962 To Date" Afribary (2022). Accessed September 28, 2022. https://afribary.com/works/a-critical-analysis-into-the-right-to-information-since-1962-to-date