A Critical Analysis Of Access To Bail And Its Imp Act To The Poor And The Vulnerable People In Uganda Today

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ABSTRACT

This dissertation will explore the current approach to the right to access bail and its impacts to

both the poor and vulnerable people in Uganda today. The study will present a critical analysis on how one can bring together the theoretical insights of legal empowerment with the study of the current practices and preparations of legal aid and legal empowerment in advancing the poor and vulnerable people on accessing the right to bail. by doing so it contributed to the broader discussion on the role of law and development in empowering disadvantaged and marginalized

people, as well as expanding their freedoms


TABLE OF CONTENT


DECLARATION .......................................................... i

APPROVAL ................................................................................ ii

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS ................................................... iii

ABSTRACT .................................................................... iv

LIST OF CASES ........................................................

LIST OF INSTRUMENTS ................................................ vi

LIST OF ACRONYMS ................................................ vii

DEDICATION ........................................................................ viii

TABLE OF CONTENT .............................................. ix

CHAPTER ONE ....................................................................... 1

INTRODUCTION .......................................................................... 1

1.0 Introduction .................................................................. I

1.1 Background of the study ........................................... 3

1.2 Statement of the problem ................................ 5

1.3 General objective ......................................................................... 5

1.4 Specific objectives ................................................ 5

ix

I .5 Research Hypothesis ................................................................................................................. 5

I.6 Significance of the study ........................................................................................................... 6

I. 7 Research methodology .............................................................................................................. 6

I .9 The scope of the study .............................................................................................................. 8

I. I 0 Chapterisation ......................................................................................................................... 8

I. I I Chapter one ............................................................................................................................. 8

I.l2 Chapter two ............................................................................................................................. 8

1.13 Chapter three ..............................................................................

1.14 Chapter four ............................................................................................................................ 9

1.15 Chapter fiver ........................................................................................................................... 9

CHAPTER TWO ........................................................................................................................ 10

THE LEGAL FRAMEWORK GOVERNING ACCESS TO BAIL IN UGANDA TODAY

······················································································································································· 10

AT INTERNATIONAL LEVEL ............................................................................................... 10

2.0 The universal Declaration of Human Rights .......................................................................... I 0

2.1 The International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights ...................................................... I 0

2.2 Regional level ......................................................................................................................... II

2.2.1 The African Charter on Human and People's Rights .......................................................... II

2.2.2 The East African Treaty ....................................................................................................... 12

X

2.3 National level .......................................................................................................................... 12

2.3.1 The 1995 constitution ofUganda ......................................................................................... 12

2.3.2 The Trail and Indictment (amendment) Act, 2008 .............................................................. 13

2.3.4 The Magistrate's Courts (amendment) Act, 2007 ................................................................ 14

2.3.5 The Uganda People's Defense Forces Act of2005 ............................................................. 16

2.3.6 The Police (amendment) Act, 2006 ..................................................................................... 17

2.3.7 The Children's (amendment) Act, 2016 .............................................................................. 17

2.3 .8 The Criminal Procedure Code Act cap 116 ......................................................................... 18

CHAPTER TREE ....................................................................................................................... 20

THE POSITIVE AND NEGATIVE IMPACTS OF ACCESS TO BAIL BY BOTH THE. 20

3.0 Positive Impacts ...................................................................................................................... 20

3.1 To work on his or her Defense ................................................................................................ 20

3.2 To let the Accused ef\ioy the Presumption oflnnocence ........................................................ 21

3.3 To take Care of the Family ..................................................................................................... 22

3.4 Access to Bail easies the Managing of Medical illness of the Accused ................................. 22

3.5 It helps to Promote Constitutionalism and Rule of Law in the Country ................................. 23

3.6 Keeping the job ....................................................................................................................... 25

3.7 The Negative Impacts of Right to Access Bail in Uganda ..................................................... 25

xi

3.8 Interfering with Evidence ....................................................................................................... 25

3.9 Jumping of bail by the accused ............................................................................................... 27

3.10 Bail conditions ...................................................................................................................... 28

CHAPTER FOUR ....................................................................................................................... 30

THE ROLE PLAYED BY BOTH GOVERNMENT AND CIVIL SOCIETY ..................... 30

4.0 The Role played by Government. ........................................................................................... 30

4.1 Enactment of Statutes by Parliament ...................................................................................... 3 I

4.2 Setting up of the Judicial System ............................................................................................ 31

4.3 Empowering of Security Organs ............................................................................................. 32

4.4 Sensitizing of the Public about their Rights ............................................................................ 33

4.5 The Role played by Civil Societies in Organization in Promoting the Right to Access ........ 34

4.6 Sensitizing of Masses .............................................................................................................. 34

4.7 Acting as watch dogs on Government .................................................................................... 35

4.8 Advocating of Constitutionalism and Rule of Law ................................................................ 36

4.9 Deepening of Good Governance and Democracy .................................................................. 36

4.10 Pro-bono services .................................................................................................................. 37

xii

CHAPTER FIVE ........................................................................................................................ 39

5.0 THE OBSERVATIONS, RECOMMENDATIONS AND CONCLUSIONS ........................ 39

5.1 RECOMMENDATIONS ........................................................................................................ 39

5.2 Conclusion .............................................................................................................................. 4 3

BIBLIOGRAPHY ......................................................................................................................... 44

xiii

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APA

Research, S. (2022). A Critical Analysis Of Access To Bail And Its Imp Act To The Poor And The Vulnerable People In Uganda Today. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/a-critical-analysis-of-access-to-bail-and-its-imp-act-to-the-poor-and-the-vulnerable-people-in-uganda-today

MLA 8th

Research, SSA "A Critical Analysis Of Access To Bail And Its Imp Act To The Poor And The Vulnerable People In Uganda Today" Afribary. Afribary, 23 Aug. 2022, https://afribary.com/works/a-critical-analysis-of-access-to-bail-and-its-imp-act-to-the-poor-and-the-vulnerable-people-in-uganda-today. Accessed 02 Oct. 2022.

MLA7

Research, SSA . "A Critical Analysis Of Access To Bail And Its Imp Act To The Poor And The Vulnerable People In Uganda Today". Afribary, Afribary, 23 Aug. 2022. Web. 02 Oct. 2022. < https://afribary.com/works/a-critical-analysis-of-access-to-bail-and-its-imp-act-to-the-poor-and-the-vulnerable-people-in-uganda-today >.

Chicago

Research, SSA . "A Critical Analysis Of Access To Bail And Its Imp Act To The Poor And The Vulnerable People In Uganda Today" Afribary (2022). Accessed October 02, 2022. https://afribary.com/works/a-critical-analysis-of-access-to-bail-and-its-imp-act-to-the-poor-and-the-vulnerable-people-in-uganda-today