A Critical Analysis of the Efficacy of the Legal Framework On Child Labour in The Agricultural Sector in Uganda. A Case Study of Bushenyi District

ATWINE LINARD 58 PAGES (11503 WORDS) Law Project
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TABLE OF CONTENTS

DECLARATION .............................................................................................................................. i

APPROVAL .................................................................................................................................... ii

DEDICATION ............................................................................................................................... iii

ACKNO\1/LEDGEMENT .............................................................................................................. iv

TABLE OF CONTENTS················································································· ........... ····················· V

ABSTRACT ................................................................................................................................... ix

CHAPTER ONE ...................................................................................................................... 1

INTRODUCTION .................................................................................................................... 1

1.0 Introduction .......................................................................................................................... 1

1.1 Background of the study .................................................................................................... 1

l. lStatement of the Problem ................................................................................................... 4

1.2 Purpose of the Study .......................................................................................................... s

1.3 Objectives of the Study ...................................................................................................... s

1.4 Research Questions ............................................................................................................ 5

1.5 Scope of the Study .............................................................................................................. 5

1.6 Significance of the Study .................................................................................................. 5

1. 7 Conceptual frame work ..................................................................................................... 6

CHAPTER TWO ..................................................................................................................... 8

LITERATURE REVIEW ........................................................................................................ 8

2.0 Introduction .......................................................................................................................... 8

2 .1 Efficacy of the Legal Framework on Child labour ........................................................ 8

2.1.1 The employment Decree of 1975 ................................................................................. 9

2.1.2 The Children's statute of 1996 .................................................................................. 10

V

2.1.3 Universal Primary Education (UPE) .......................................................................... 10

2.1.4 International Conventions ........................................................................................... 11

2.1.5 The UN Convention on the Rights of the Child of 1989 ...................................... 11

2.1.6 The ILO Convention No. 182 of 1999 ....................................................................... 12

2.1. 7 IPEC's Role and Intervention ...................................................................................... 12

2.2 Causes of high child labour influx in the Agriculture sector ................................. 14

2.2.1 The economic nature of the country ......................................................................... 14

2.2.2 Poverty .............................................................................................................................. 14

2.3 Effects of child labour ...................................................................................................... 15

2.3.1 Immediate Effects ..................................................................................................... 15

2.3.1. lEffects on education ................................................................................................... 15

2.3.1.2 Vicious cycle of poverty and exploitation ............................................................. 16

2.3.1.3 Child Growth and Development ............................................................................. 16

2.3.1.4 Multiplier effect on HIV/ AIDS ................................................................................. 16

2.3.2 Gradual Effect ............................................................................................................ 16

CHAPTER THREE .............................................................................................................. 18

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY .......................................................................................... 18

3.0 Introduction ........................................................................................................................ 18

3 .1 Research design ................................................................................................................ 18

3.2 Study Population ............................................................................................................... 18

3 .2 .1 Sample size and selection ........................................................................................... 20

3.2.2 Sampling technique ...................................................................................................... 20

Simple random sampling ....................................................................................................... 21

Purposive Sampling ................................................................................................................. 21

vi

3.6 Sampling techniques ........................................................................................................ 21

3.6.1 Simple random Sampling ............................................................................................ 22

3.6.2 Purposive sampling ....................................................................................................... 22

3.7 Sources of data .................................................................................................................. 23

3.7.1 Primary sources .......................................................................................................... 23

3.7.2 Secondary sources ........................................................................................................ 23

3.8 Data collection instruments ........................................................................................... 23

3.8.1 Questionnaires ............................................................................................................... 23

3.8.2 Interviews ........................................................................................................................ 24

3.8.3 Focus Group Discussions ........................................................................................... 24

3.9 Research procedure .......................................................................................................... 25

3.10 Validity of instruments .................................................................................................. 25

3.11 Reliability of instruments ............................................................................................. 26

3.12 Confidentiality ................................................................................................................. 26

3.12 Data Analysis ................................................................................................................... 26

3.12.1 Qualitative data analysis ........................................................................................... 26

3.12.2 Quantitative data analysis ........................................................................................ 27

CHAPTER FOUR ................................................................................................................. 28

PRESENTATION AND DISCUSSION OF FINDINGS .................................................... 28

4.0 Introduction ........................................................................................................................ 28

4.1 The efficacy of the legal framework on child labour in Uganda ............................ 28

Causes of child labour in Uganda ........................................................................................ 30

vii

FIVE ................................................................................................................... 35

................................................................ 35

5.0 Introduction ........................................................................................................................ 35

5.1 Conclusions ........................................................................................................................ 35

5.1.1 Efficiency of the legal framework. .............................................................................. 35

5.1.2 Causes of child labour ................................................................................................. 36

5.1.3 Effects of child labour .................................................................................................. 36

5.2 Recommendations ............................................................................................................ 36

BIBLIOGRAPHY ........................................................................................................................ 39

APPENDIX I ............................................................................................................................... 43

APPENDIX II .............................................................................................................................. 44

APPENDIX III ............................................................................................................................. 46

APPENDIX IV ............................................................................................................................. 47

APPENDIX V .............................................................................................................................. 48

ABSTRACT This research is enhy a critical analysis of the efficiency of the legal fi'amework on child labour in the agricultural sector in Uganda, with a case study of Bushenyi district. This research topic became a subject of understanding and analyzing the efficiency and applicability of the available laws pertaining the employment of children in Uganda. The research questions which the researcher aimed at finding answers for are; Whether there are any existing laws on child labour in the agricultural sector in Uganda. What are the major causes of child labour in agricultural sector in Uganda? ·what are the challenges faced in the implementation of child labour related legislation in Uganda. During the course of the study the researcher found out that there are both international and domestic laws in place catering for the prohibition of the employment of children. These include; UNCRC of 1989, The constitution of Uganda (1995), Employment Act 2006, the children's (Amendment) Act 2016. It was however discovered that all these laws are conflicting each other on the minimum age for the employment of children. The researcher therefore recommended that the grand law should take precedence. The researcher also found out that there are several causes that push children into early employment, these include,· The labour intensive nature of the agriculture sector which forces employees to target children who work for long hours for a less pay, many being 01phanage by HIV AIDS scourge, poverty, parents perception and poor law enforcement. The study also discovered that there are challenges at the implementation level of the available laws. These include; lack of enough staff, the Invisible nature of child labour since part of it is domestic and the increasing death due to HIV/AIDS making it difficult for the believed to fend themselves. Therefore, the researcher recommended that government should recruit and fi1rther train more staff to enforce child labour laws and sensitize the communities about child labour legislation and its importance
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APA

LINARD, A (2022). A Critical Analysis of the Efficacy of the Legal Framework On Child Labour in The Agricultural Sector in Uganda. A Case Study of Bushenyi District. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/a-critical-analysis-of-the-efficacy-of-the-legal-framework-on-child-labour-in-the-agricultural-sector-in-uganda-a-case-study-of-bushenyi-district

MLA 8th

LINARD, ATWINE "A Critical Analysis of the Efficacy of the Legal Framework On Child Labour in The Agricultural Sector in Uganda. A Case Study of Bushenyi District" Afribary. Afribary, 26 Jul. 2022, https://afribary.com/works/a-critical-analysis-of-the-efficacy-of-the-legal-framework-on-child-labour-in-the-agricultural-sector-in-uganda-a-case-study-of-bushenyi-district. Accessed 10 Aug. 2022.

MLA7

LINARD, ATWINE . "A Critical Analysis of the Efficacy of the Legal Framework On Child Labour in The Agricultural Sector in Uganda. A Case Study of Bushenyi District". Afribary, Afribary, 26 Jul. 2022. Web. 10 Aug. 2022. < https://afribary.com/works/a-critical-analysis-of-the-efficacy-of-the-legal-framework-on-child-labour-in-the-agricultural-sector-in-uganda-a-case-study-of-bushenyi-district >.

Chicago

LINARD, ATWINE . "A Critical Analysis of the Efficacy of the Legal Framework On Child Labour in The Agricultural Sector in Uganda. A Case Study of Bushenyi District" Afribary (2022). Accessed August 10, 2022. https://afribary.com/works/a-critical-analysis-of-the-efficacy-of-the-legal-framework-on-child-labour-in-the-agricultural-sector-in-uganda-a-case-study-of-bushenyi-district