A Critical Analysis of the Law On Bail Practice in Uganda: A Case Study of the Magistrate and High Court

OCEN AMBROSE 41 PAGES (9491 WORDS) Law Dissertation
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TABLE OF CONTENTS

DECLARATION .............................................................................................................................................. i

APPROVAL. ................................................................................................................................................... ii

DEDICATION .............................................................................................................................................. iii

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT ............................................................................................................................... iv

TABLE OF CASES ........................................................................................................................................ v

LIST OF STATUTES .................................................................................................................................... vi

TABLE OF CONTENTS .............................................................................................................................. vii

CHAPTER ONE ............................................................................................................................... 1

1.1 Introduction .......................................................................................................................................... 1

1.2 Statement of the Problem ................................................................................................................... 3

1.3 Objectives of the Study ....................................................................................................................... 3

1.3.1 General Objective ............................................................................................................................. 3

1.3.2 Specific objectives ............................................................................................................................ 3

1.4 Justifications of the Study ................................................................................................................... 3

1.5 Hypothesis ............................................................................................................................................. 4

1.6 Methodology ......................................................................................................................................... 4

1.7 Literature Review ................................................................................................................................. 4

1.8 Chapterisation ....................................................................................................................................... 4

CHAPTER TWO .............................................................................................................................. 6

NATURE OF BAIL .......................................................................................................................... G

2.1 Nature of Bail ........................................................................................................................................ G

2.2 Definition of bail ................................................................................................................................... 7

2.3 Object/Rationale of Bail ...................................................................................................................... 7

2.4 Who May Grant Bail ............................................................................................................................. 7

2.5 When Bail may be granted ................................................................................................................. 8

2.6 No Bail Pending Sentence on Committal for sense ......................................................................... 8

2.7 No Bail after Committal for Trial ........................................................................................................ 9

2.8 Bail in Capital Offences ....................................................................................................................... 9

2. 9 Application for Bail ............................................................................................................................... 9

2.10 Considerations for Bail ...................................................................................................................... 9

2.11 Mandatory Bail... ............................................................................................................................... 10

vii

CHAPTER THREE ......................................................................................................................... 11

MAJOR LAWS RELATING TO BAIL IN UGANDA ................................................................... 11

3.1 Constitution of the Republic of Uganda .......................................................................................... 11

3.2 Magistrate Courts Act (MCA) Cap 16 .............................................................................................. 12

3.3. The TIA .............................................................................................................................................. 12

3.4 Police Act ............................................................................................................................................. 12

3.5 Following Provisions are Very Important. ....................................................................................... 13

3.6 Uganda People's Defence Force (UPDF) Act .................................................................................. 13

3.7 Reasons for arresting and detaining a person ............................................................................... 13

3.7.1 Power to Arrest ............................................................................................................................... 14

3.8 Conclusion ........................................................................................................................................... 15

CHAPTER FOUR .......................................................................................................................... 16

CHALLENGES AFFECTING THE GRANT OF BAIL ADMINISTRATION OF CRIMINAL

JUSTICE IN UGANDA ................................................................................................................. 16

4.0 Introduction ........................................................................................................................................ 16

4.1. CHALLENGES ..................................................................................................................................... 17

4 .1.1 Access to Courts of Law ................................................................................................................ 17

4.1.2 Failure to meet Bail conditions ..................................................................................................... 18

4.1.3 Corruption ........................................................................................................................................ 21

4.1.4 Independence of judiciary ............................................................................................................. 22

4.1.5 Misapplication of Law ..................................................................................................................... 24

CHAPTER FIVE ............................................................................................................................ 25

RECOMMENDATIONS AND CONCLUSIONS .......................................................................... 25

5.0 Introduction ........................................................................................................................................ 25

5.1 Recommendation ............................................................................................................................... 25

5.2 Conclusion ........................................................................................................................................... 28

BIBLIOGRAPHY ......................................................................................................................................... 30

ABSTRACT This dissertation entailed the rights to bail as one of the fundamental rights guaranteed under Article 23 (1)1. The research is further examined the rights to bail as enshrined in the 1995 constitution of the republic of Uganda and most of the cases expressed have been practically administered in the Courts of law of Uganda. Article 23(6) (a) and (c)2 prescribes that the law on bail involves 180 days pre-trial remand period for capital offences which is equivalent to 6 months while non capital offences the law provides for 60 days, which is equivalent to 2 months. By using qualitative and desk research and throughout consultation of many materials from libraries, law journals, internet and among others, the findings showed that non procedural causes or delays have greatly affected bail processes in the criminal justice in Uganda. However, there are other factors like jail crowding which has also negatively affected the administration of the bail practice in Uganda. The study concluded that however much there are hindrances to the bail practice in Uganda; Bail shall remain a constitutional right and shall be granted according to the relevant laws, as constitution is the supreme law in the governance of the country. It is also recommended that international community, judges and government join hands to ensure that the bail procedures be left to the judicial sector and be provided with full guarantee and independence.

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APA

AMBROSE, O (2022). A Critical Analysis of the Law On Bail Practice in Uganda: A Case Study of the Magistrate and High Court. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/a-critical-analysis-of-the-law-on-bail-practice-in-uganda-a-case-study-of-the-magistrate-and-high-court

MLA 8th

AMBROSE, OCEN "A Critical Analysis of the Law On Bail Practice in Uganda: A Case Study of the Magistrate and High Court" Afribary. Afribary, 02 Aug. 2022, https://afribary.com/works/a-critical-analysis-of-the-law-on-bail-practice-in-uganda-a-case-study-of-the-magistrate-and-high-court. Accessed 10 Aug. 2022.

MLA7

AMBROSE, OCEN . "A Critical Analysis of the Law On Bail Practice in Uganda: A Case Study of the Magistrate and High Court". Afribary, Afribary, 02 Aug. 2022. Web. 10 Aug. 2022. < https://afribary.com/works/a-critical-analysis-of-the-law-on-bail-practice-in-uganda-a-case-study-of-the-magistrate-and-high-court >.

Chicago

AMBROSE, OCEN . "A Critical Analysis of the Law On Bail Practice in Uganda: A Case Study of the Magistrate and High Court" Afribary (2022). Accessed August 10, 2022. https://afribary.com/works/a-critical-analysis-of-the-law-on-bail-practice-in-uganda-a-case-study-of-the-magistrate-and-high-court