A Critical Analysis of the Law Relating to Children with Disabilities in Uganda

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

DEDICATION ................................................................................................................................................. i

DECLARATION ............................................................................................................................................ ii

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT ............................................................................................................................. iv

TABLE OF CONTENTS ............................................................................................................................... v

LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS ...................................................................................................................... viii

LIST OF STATUTES AND CASES ............................................................................................................. ix

ABSTRACT ................................................................................................................................................... x

CHAPTER ONE ........................................................................................................................................... 1

1.0 GENERAL BACKGROUND ................................................................................................................ 1

1.1. Introduction ............................................................................................................................................. 1

1.2. Historical background of the study .......................................................................................................... 1

1.4. Statement of the probletn ......................................................................................................................... 6

1.4. Research objectives ................................................................................................................................. 7

1.7 Research Questions .................................................................................................................................. 7

1.6 Significance of the Study ......................................................................................................................... 7

1. 7. Scope of the study .................................................................................................................................... 8

1.8. Research methodology ............................................................................................................................ 9

1.9 Literature Review ..................................................................................................................................... 9

1.1 Chapterization ........................................................................................................................................ 13

CHAPTER TWO ........................................................................................................................................ 14

2.0 RIGHTS OF CHILDREN WITH DISABILITIES IN UGANDA ................................................... 14

2.1 Introduction ............................................................................................................................................ 14

2.2 Rights of children ................................................................................................................................... 14

2.2.1 Rights to be protected from discrimination ......................................................................................... 15

2.2.2 Right to know and be cared for by parents .......................................................................................... 16

2.3 Right to Employment ............................................................... : ............................................................. 17

2.3 Enforceability ......................................................................................................................................... 24

2.4.1 Disability ............................................................................................................................................. 25

2.4.2 Children's rights ................................................................................................................................... 27

2.9 Conclusion .............................................................................................................................................. 30

v

CHAPTER THREE ................................................................................................................................... 32

3.0 LEGAL AND INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK ........................................................................... 32

3.1 Introduction ............................................................................................................................................ 32

3.2 Legal framework .................................................................................................................................... 32

3.3 National laws .......................................................................................................................................... 32

3.3.1 The 1995 Constitution ofthe Republic of Uganda .............................................................................. 32

3.3.2 Information and Communications Act cap 49 of2013 ........................................................................ 34

3.3.3 Persons with disabilities Act.. .............................................................................................................. 34

3.3.4 Children Act cap 59 as amended 2016 ................................................................................................ 34

3.4 International laws ................................................................................................................................... 35

3.4.1 Salamanca statement and framework for action on special needs education ...................................... 35

3.4.2 The UN Convention on the Rights of the Child .................................................................................. 35

3.4.3 UN Declaration on the rights of a child 1959 ...................................................................................... 36

3.4.4 Universal Declaration of Human Rights ............................................................................................. 37

3.4.5 Minimum Age Convention 1973 ......................................................................................................... 37

3.4.6 African Charter on the Right and Welfare of the Child 1990 .............................................................. 38

3.5 Institutions protecting and promoting rights of CWDs in Uganda ......................................................... 3 8

3.5.1 Ministry of Education and Sports ........................................................................................................ 38

3.5.2 Uganda society for disabled children (USDC) ...................... : ............................................................. 40

3.5.3 National council for disability (NCD) ................................................................................................. 40

3.5.4 Ministry of Gender Labour and Social development. ......................................................................... 41

3.5.4.1The Community- Based Rehabilitation (CBR) ................................................................................... 42

3.5.4.2 The Mine Victim assistance programe ............................................................................................. 43

3.5.4.3The special grants for PWDs ............................................................................................................. 43

3.5.5 National Council for Children (NCC) ................................................................................................. 43

3.5.6 Family and Children Court .................................................................................................................. 44

3.5.7 The Ministry of Health ........................................................................................................................ 45

3.5.8 The Uganda Human Rights Commission. (UHRC) ............................................................................ 45

3.6.1 Classification ofNGOs ....................................................................................................................... 46

3 .6.1.1 International NGOs .......................................................................................................................... 46

3.6.1.2 National NG0s ................................................................................................................................. 46

3.6.2 Functions ofNGOs .............................................................................................................................. 46

3.6.3 Limitations .......................................................................................................................................... 47

3.7 Conclusion .............................................................................................................................................. 49

VI

CHAPTER FOUR ...................................................................................................................................... 50

4.0 CHALLENGES FACED BY THESE INSTITUTIONS IN ENFORCEMENT OF RIGHTS OF

CHILDREN WITH DISABILITIES IN UGANDA ................................................................................ 50

4.1 Introduction ............................................................................................................................................ 50

4.2 The Institutional Framework .................................................................................................................. 50

4.2.1 Uganda society for disabled children (USDC) ...................... : ............................................................. 51

4.2.2 National council for disability ............................................................................................................. 51

4.2.4 National Council for Children (NCC) ................................................................................................. 52

4.2.5 Family and Children Court .................................................................................................................. 52

4.2.6 The Ministry of Health ........................................................................................................................ 53

4.2. 7 The Ministry of Education and Sports ................................................................................................. 55

4.2.8 Non-Governmental Organizations, ...................................................................................................... 55

4.9 Other challenges ..................................................................................................................................... 57

4.0 Conclusion .............................................................................................................................................. 58

CHAPTER FIVE ......................................................................................................................................... 59

FINDINGS, CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS .............................................................. 59

5.0 Introduction ............................................................................................................................................ 59

5.1 The Socio-Economic characteristics of the respondents ........................................................................ 59

5.1.1: Respondents level of agreement by effects of violation of children' rights ....................................... 63

5.1.2 Respondents' overall agreement with increase in violation of children's rights ................................. 65

5.1.3 Is the violation of children's rights in the decrease? ........................................................................... 66

5.1.4 Is there any human rights activist in Kampala District? ...................................................................... 66

5.1.5 Do Children whose rights are being violated report to the responsible bodies? .................................. 67

5.1.6 Have you ever been abused? ............................................................................................................... 67

5.2 Conclusion .............................................................................................................................................. 68

5.3 Discussion and analysis .......................................................................................................................... 68

5.5 Recomtnendations for juveniles ............................................................................................................. 73

5.6 Recommendations for future research .................................................................................................... 74

BIBLIOGRAPHY ........................................................................................................................................ 76

ABSTRACT This research gives a clear and comprehensive coverage of how disabled children's rights can be protected under the local and the international laws. Working children are the objects of extreme exploitation in terms of toiling for long hours for minimal pay. Their work conditions are especially severe, often not providing the stimulation for proper physical and mental development. Research revealed that many of these disabled children endure lives of pure deprivation. However, there are problems with the intuitive solution of immediately abolishing child labor to prevent such abuse. There must be an economic change in the condition of a struggling family to free a child from the responsibility of working. Family subsidies can help provide this support. Child labor is especially prevalent in rural areas where the capacity to enforce minimum age requirements for schooling and work is lacking. Disabled children work for a variety of reasons, such as poverty and the induced pressure upon them to escape from this plight. Though children are not well paid, they still serve as major contributors to family income in developing countries like Uganda. Schooling problems also contribute to child labor, whether it is the inaccessibility of schools or the lack of quality education which spurs parents to enter their children in more profitable pursuits. Traditional factors such as rigid cultural and social roles in Uganda further limit educational attainment and increase child labor. Therefore, the research recommends that the fundamental rights of disabled children be put into consideration by the government, stakeholders and civil society groups. This is objectively an important factor that will help enact more laws and policies to take care of their interests and rights.

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APA

Frontiers, E. & KIMANI, J (2022). A Critical Analysis of the Law Relating to Children with Disabilities in Uganda. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/a-critical-analysis-of-the-law-relating-to-children-with-disabilities-in-uganda

MLA 8th

Frontiers, Edu, and JOAN KIMANI "A Critical Analysis of the Law Relating to Children with Disabilities in Uganda" Afribary. Afribary, 05 Aug. 2022, https://afribary.com/works/a-critical-analysis-of-the-law-relating-to-children-with-disabilities-in-uganda. Accessed 12 Aug. 2022.

MLA7

Frontiers, Edu, and JOAN KIMANI . "A Critical Analysis of the Law Relating to Children with Disabilities in Uganda". Afribary, Afribary, 05 Aug. 2022. Web. 12 Aug. 2022. < https://afribary.com/works/a-critical-analysis-of-the-law-relating-to-children-with-disabilities-in-uganda >.

Chicago

Frontiers, Edu and KIMANI, JOAN . "A Critical Analysis of the Law Relating to Children with Disabilities in Uganda" Afribary (2022). Accessed August 12, 2022. https://afribary.com/works/a-critical-analysis-of-the-law-relating-to-children-with-disabilities-in-uganda