A Legal Analysis Of The Causes And Effects Of Drug Abuse In Kenya And The Methods Of Combating Drug Abuse As A Vice

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

TABLE OF CONTENTS ..................................................................................................................... v

1.0 Introduction ................................................................................................................................. 1

1.1 Background of the study .......................................................................................................... 4

1.2 Statement of the problem ......................................................................................................... 6

1.3 Objectives of the study .............................................................................................................. 6

1.4 Scope of the study ...................................................................................................................... 7

1.5 Justification of the study ......................................................................................................... 7

1. 6 Hypothesis .................................................................................................................................... 7

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1. 7 Methodology ........................................................................... C.. ............................................... 8

1.8. Outline of the dissertation ...................................................................................................... 8

1.8.1. Chapter one ............................................................................................................................. 8

1.8.2. Chapter two ............................................................................................................................. 9

1.8.3. Chapter three .......................................................................................................................... 9

1.8.4 Chapter four ............................................................................................................................ 9

1.8.5. Chapter five ............................................................................................................................. 9

CHAPTER TWO ................................................................................................................................ 10

LITERATURE REVIEW ................................................................................................................... 10

2.0 The drug situation in Kenya .................................................................................................. 13

2. 1 Colonial Era ............................................................................................................................... 15

2.2 Contemporary Period ............................................................................................................... 17

2.3: Drug addiction ......................................................................................................................... 19

2.4 Types of drugs .......................................................................................................................... 20

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2.4.1 Positive drugs ......................................................................................................................... 21

2.4.2 Negative drugs ....................................................................................................................... 21

2.4.3: Hard drugs ............................................................................................................................ 22

2.4.3.1 Ecstasy ................................................................................................................................. 22

2.4.3.2 Cocaine ................................................................................................................................ 23

2.4.3.3 Heroin ................................................................................................................................... 24

2.4.3.4 Amphetamines or speed .................................................................................................. 25

2.4.3.5 LSD and magic mushrooms ........................................................................................... 26

2.4.3.6 Cannabis sativa ................................................................................................................. 27

2.5 Methods of taking drugs ......................................................................................................... 28

2.5.1 Oral administration .............................................................................................................. 28

2.5.2 Injection .................................................................................................................................. 28

2.6.3 Inhalation ............................................................................................................................... 28

2.6.4 Absorption through the skin or membranes ................................................................. 29

CHAPTER THREE LEGAL FRAMEWORK ................................................................................. 30

3.0 Introduction ............................................................................................................................... 30

3.1 International legal framework ............................................................................................... 30

3.2 African legal frame work ......................................................................................................... 32

3.3 National legal framework ........................................................................................................ 33

CHAPTER FOUR CAUSES, EFFFECTS AND METHODS OF COMBATING DRUG

ABUSE ................................................................................................................................................ 38

4.1 Introduction ............................................................................................................................... 38

4.2 Causes of drug abuse .............................................................................................................. 39

4.2.1 Curiosity .................................................................................................................................. 39

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4.2.2 Family discord and disruption .......................................................................................... 40

4.2.3 Boredome ................................................................................................................................ 41

4.2.4 Peer pressure ......................................................................................................................... 41

4.2.5 Environmental factor ........................................................................................................... 42

4.2.6 Individual effects ................................................................................................................... 43

4.2.7 Spiritual problems ................................................................................................................ 44

4.2.8 Health effects ......................................................................................................................... 44

4.2.9 Divorce ..................................................................................................................................... 46

4.2.10 Parental capacity in relation to child welfare .............................................................. 46

4.3 Methods of combating drug use ........................................................................................... 47

4.3.1 Control of drugs by incarceration ..................................................................................... 47

4.3.2 Control through supply reduction .................................................................................... 48

4.3.3 Control through the youth ................................................................................................. 48

4.3.4 Control through education sector .................................................................................... 49

4.3.5 Control through religious organisations ......................................................................... 50

4.3.6 Control through media sector ............................................................................................ 51

4.3.6 Control through non-governmental organisations ....................................................... 52

4.3.7 Control through treatment and rehabilitation .............................................................. 52

4.3.8 Control through international collaboration .................................................................. 53

CHAP'fER FIVE ................................................................................................................................ 54

CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION ................................................................................. 54

5.1 Conclusion ................................................................................................................................. 54

5.2 Researcher's recommendation .............................................................................................. 57

6.0 LIST OF REFFERENCES ........................................................................................................ 60

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APA

NJEMA, K (2021). A Legal Analysis Of The Causes And Effects Of Drug Abuse In Kenya And The Methods Of Combating Drug Abuse As A Vice. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/a-legal-analysis-of-the-causes-and-effects-of-drug-abuse-in-kenya-and-the-methods-of-combating-drug-abuse-as-a-vice

MLA 8th

NJEMA, KIARIE "A Legal Analysis Of The Causes And Effects Of Drug Abuse In Kenya And The Methods Of Combating Drug Abuse As A Vice" Afribary. Afribary, 13 Jun. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/a-legal-analysis-of-the-causes-and-effects-of-drug-abuse-in-kenya-and-the-methods-of-combating-drug-abuse-as-a-vice. Accessed 27 Nov. 2021.

MLA7

NJEMA, KIARIE . "A Legal Analysis Of The Causes And Effects Of Drug Abuse In Kenya And The Methods Of Combating Drug Abuse As A Vice". Afribary, Afribary, 13 Jun. 2021. Web. 27 Nov. 2021. < https://afribary.com/works/a-legal-analysis-of-the-causes-and-effects-of-drug-abuse-in-kenya-and-the-methods-of-combating-drug-abuse-as-a-vice >.

Chicago

NJEMA, KIARIE . "A Legal Analysis Of The Causes And Effects Of Drug Abuse In Kenya And The Methods Of Combating Drug Abuse As A Vice" Afribary (2021). Accessed November 27, 2021. https://afribary.com/works/a-legal-analysis-of-the-causes-and-effects-of-drug-abuse-in-kenya-and-the-methods-of-combating-drug-abuse-as-a-vice