A PRAGMATIC ANALYSIS OF SELECTED CARTOONS IN VANGUARD NEWSPAPER

Anderson Ugwu 71 PAGES (11372 WORDS) Project
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ABSTRACT
Artists, especially, cartoonists have made vigorous effort to portray the society by familiarizing people with the on-going events in such society. This work aimed at investigating how pragmatic elements could be deployed to properly interpret the ways in which cartoons and their utterances depict and satirize socio-political realities in Nigeria. In this regard, sixteen “pocket cartoons” were selected from Vanguard editions between June and Sep., 2010 and they were analysed using pragmatic elements such as speech acts, contexts, presupposition world knowledge, implicature, inference and deixis. It was discovered that utterances used in these cartoons were mainly “assertives” and ‘directives’ meaning that they (those utterances) signified the state of socio-political affairs in the country. We also found out that an utterance can have more than one ‘illocution’ and ‘perlocution’ and the perlocutions may vary with regard to the addresses. Indeed, it was noted that context and world knowledge were essential indices of understanding and interpreting cartoons.
 
INTRODUCTION
Pragmatics is a shift from strict grammatical rules to a situational language use.It is a linguistic theory that studies meaning from the perspectives of language users, communication code and socio-cultural conventions. Hence, Mey (2007:6) asserts that “Pragmatics Studies the use of language in human communication as determined by the conditions of society”.
Cartoons are “Comic strips”. They create humour by portraying “observable characters in a society” (Bitner, 2003:306). Cartoons serve as a medium through which people are informed, educated and entertained by presenting societal happenings in hillarious manner. They are found in newspapers, magazines and newsletters.
Vanguard is a Nigeria Newspaper that centres on politics, education, sports, local and national news etc. It has a section named “pocket cartoon” which portrays socio-political events in the country. 
With a view to studying pragmatics, Babatunde and Odepidan (2009) carry out a “Pragama- rhetorical strategies in selected speeches of President Olusegun Obasanjo (Former Nigeria President).Adetunji (2009) also conducts analysis of  selected acts.  However, they did not focus on non-verbal aspects of language.
This work is therefore, borne out of a desire to study the workings of pragmatics (including non-verbal language) in selected pocket cartoons from editions of Vanguard so as to discover how utterances used in these cartoons reflect Nigerian socio-political realities. 

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title page i
Certificationii
Dedicationiii
Acknowledgementsiv
Table of Contentsv
Abstractviii

CHAPTER ONE: 
INTRODUCTION
1.0General introduction1
1.1Purpose of the study2
1.2Justification2
1.3Scope and limitation2
1.4Research methodology3
1.5.0   Nigerian Newspapers4
1.5.1   Vanguard-A Nigerian Newspaper4
1.6 Summary 5

CHAPTER TWO: 
LITERATURE REVIEW
2.0       Introduction6
2.1.An Overview of Pragmatics6
2.2.0Goals of Pragmatics 7
2.3.0Theories of Pragmatics 8
2.3.1Speech Acts Theory8
2.3.2Implicature Theory12
2.3.3Intention and Inference Theory13
2.3.4Contextual Theory14
2.4.0Pragmatic Elements17
2.4.1    Presupposition17
2.4.2    World Knowledge18
2.4.3Deixis 19
2.4.4Non-verbal Language20
2.5.0Cartoons – Meaning and Brief History20
2.5.1Forms of Cartoons21
2.5.2Functions of Cartoons 22
2.5.3Summary 23

CHAPTER THREE: 
DATA ANALYSIS 
3.0      Introduction24
Datum one 24
Datum two26
Datum three28
Datum four30
Datum five33
Datum six35
Datum seven37
Datum eight39
Datum nine40
Datum ten42
Datum eleven44
Datum twelve46
Datum thirteen48
Datum fourteen49
Datum fifteen51
Datum sixteen53
Data Discussion 56

CHAPTER FOUR: 
SUMMARY, SUMMARY OF FINDINGS  AND 
CONCLUSION. 
4.0Summary58
4.1Summary of findings58
4.2Conclusion61
Bibliography62 

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APA

Anderson, U (2018). A PRAGMATIC ANALYSIS OF SELECTED CARTOONS IN VANGUARD NEWSPAPER. Afribary.com: Retrieved April 02, 2020, from https://afribary.com/works/a-pragmatic-analysis-of-selected-cartoons-in-vanguard-newspaper-9966

MLA 8th

Ugwu, Anderson. "A PRAGMATIC ANALYSIS OF SELECTED CARTOONS IN VANGUARD NEWSPAPER" Afribary.com. Afribary.com, 29 Jan. 2018, https://afribary.com/works/a-pragmatic-analysis-of-selected-cartoons-in-vanguard-newspaper-9966 . Accessed 02 Apr. 2020.

MLA7

Ugwu, Anderson. "A PRAGMATIC ANALYSIS OF SELECTED CARTOONS IN VANGUARD NEWSPAPER". Afribary.com, Afribary.com, 29 Jan. 2018. Web. 02 Apr. 2020. < https://afribary.com/works/a-pragmatic-analysis-of-selected-cartoons-in-vanguard-newspaper-9966 >.

Chicago

Ugwu, Anderson. "A PRAGMATIC ANALYSIS OF SELECTED CARTOONS IN VANGUARD NEWSPAPER" Afribary.com (2018). Accessed April 02, 2020. https://afribary.com/works/a-pragmatic-analysis-of-selected-cartoons-in-vanguard-newspaper-9966