Art & Humanities

Browse Art & Humanities Topics/papers by subfields

Research Papers/Topics in Art & Humanities

Assessing Sustainability Of Smallholder Dairy And Traditional Cattle Milk Production Systems In Tanzania

ABSTRACTSustainability of smallholder dairy and traditional cattle milk production systems in developing countries, including Tanzania, is limited by a number of constraints such as low cow productivity, shortage of feed, limited access to inputs and outputs markets and degradation of natural resources. Efforts have been made to improve the sustainability, but the improvement is hindered by lack of knowledge on how to ensure sustainability of the production systems particularly at the farm le...

Profit Efficiency Of Smallholder Wine Grape Farmers In Dodoma City And Chamwino District In Dodoma Region, Tanzania

ABSTRACTGrape is one of the most important economic fruits crop grown in Dodoma Region -Tanzania. However, grape production faces challenge of low yield of 5.6 t/ha compared tothe established yield potential of 25 t/ha under irrigation and 17.3 t/ha under rain-fed inTanzania. This low productivity was mainly due to rising cost of production, which iscoupled with low output prices and an unreliable market. The most cost effective way toimprove farm productivity is through efficient use of avai...

Prevalence Of Antimicrobial Resistance And Characterization Of Fecal Indicator Bacteria And Staphylococcus Aureus From Farm Animals, Wildlife, Pets And Humans In Tanzania

ABSTRACTThis thesis is prepared according to “Publishable manuscript” format of the SokoineUniversity of Agriculture. It is divided into four sections; the first section presentsintroduction, problem statement, objectives, rationale of the study and hypothesis whilethe second section is a review of literature in relation to the work performed. The thirdsection contains four manuscripts which cover the research work done, whereas the lastsection details overall conclusions of the study. Th...

Impacts Of Climate Change And Variability On Coastal And Mangroves Dependent Fish

ABSTRACTClimate change will affect fishery resources and challenge policy makers to develop sustainable exploitation strategies. However, the information on the impacts of climate change and variability on fishery resources is still fragmentary. The present study gives an overview of literature on the impact of climate change and variability on marine environment and fish populations with a focus on the processes that govern the response of fish to marine environment and climate change. The r...

The models of democracy that can be suitably applied to Zimbabwe school education system

ABSTRACTThe study explored the models of democracy that can be suitably applied to Zimbabwe school education system. This was driven by the fact that most African countries have not adopted proper models democracy in their institutions including schools. The study was also necessitated by the fact that democracy has historically proved to be closely to human flourishing. (Glaeser, Ponzetto & Shleifer, 2006; Halperin and Weinstein, 2005; Mangu, 2004; Pinar, 2003; and Carr, 2000). In light of t...

The Use Of Mobile Phones In Communicating Agricultural Information In Tanzania: The Roles Of Different Stakeholders

ABSTRACTThe study on which this thesis is based sought to investigate roles of different stakeholders influencing the use of mobile phones in communicating agricultural information in Tanzania. The study arose from the fact that, while information is becoming an important ingredient in agriculture, farmers in Tanzania lack access to agricultural information something which greatly constrains efforts to improve agricultural development. One good thing is that, mobile phone technology which is ...

Labour Market Flexibility And Its Effect On Worker’s Rights And Representation: A Case Study Of Food Industries And The Food Federation And Allied Workers Union Of Zimbabwe.

ABSTRACTThis study explored the effects of labour market flexibility to workers’ rights and representationthe case study being Harare food and allied industries and the Federation of Food and alliedWorkers Union.The research was predominantly influenced by the ever-increasing instability ofLabour relations and the deterioration of workers representation and rights in Zimbabwean foodindustries. Capitalist, Keynes and the Classical theories served as the theoretical and conceptualframework to...

Evaluation Of Lime In Ameliorating Soil Acidity For Improved Yields Of Intercropped Sugarcane And Soybean In Western Kenya

ABSTRACTFarmers in Western Kenya contribute significantly to the Kenyan economy through food and cash crop production such as sugarcane. However, the acidic nature of the soil reduces the yields due to soil fertility problems. Acidity is further accelerated by the long term sugarcane monoculture and long term use of acidifying fertilizers. Cropping systems such as intercropped sugarcane referred to crop diversification is currently advocated and practiced by smallholder farmers. The productiv...

TIME VALUE OF MONEY AND THE CHRONOLOGICAL REVELATIONS ON RIBA IN THE QURAN

AbstractWhile some Scholars are of the view that Islam permits simple interest but frowns at compound interest due to time value of money, many consider both to be prohibited. It is against this backdrop that the paper examines and interprets the meaning of the word riba in the contexts in which they are used in the four places in the Qur’an and the Hadith. Using the analysis in these sources, the study finds that ad'qfan muda'afah in Q3:130 means a continual i...

Member Ownership And Democratic Sustainability In Primary Agricultural Marketing Co-Operative Societies In Tanzania: A Case Study Of Bukoba And Moshi Districts

ABSTRACTIn Tanzania, member ownership in primary Agricultural Marketing Co-operativeSocieties (AMCOS) is imperative to ensure democratic sustainability. Various effortshave been made to ensure primary AMCOS are governed by democratic practiceswhich are based on member owned practices. But such democratic sustainability isstill far from being realised. The general objective of this study was to analysemember ownership factors that influence AMCS practice in Tanzania to attaindemocratic sustain...

Indigenisation Policy As A Vehicle For Socio-Economic Rural Development In Zimbabwe: A Case Study Of Chivi Community Share Ownership Trust From 2007-2014.

AbstractThe onset of the colonial rule in Zimbabwe during the 1890s retarded the socio-economic fortunes of the country and ultimately led to the impoverishment of the blacks. Rural communities in Zimbabwe have suffered centuries of poverty and underdevelopment since colonialism segregated them from development and took them as reservoirs of cheap labor for the advancement of settler colonial economy. The Indigenisation programme is one among other empowerment programmes designed to redress t...

Analysis Of Processing, Marketing And Demand For Processed Fruits And Vegetables In Tanzania

ABSRTACTThis study was carried out to analyze processing, marketing and demand forprocessed fruits and vegetables in Tanzania. Data for the study were collected from asample of 320 households, 77 traders and 59 processors using structuredquestionnaire. Both qualitative and quantitative methods were used to analyze thedata. The results of the study show that fruit and vegetable processing firms were notable to utilize their capacities almost throughout the year with very low capacityutilizatio...

An Assesment Of The Strategies That Short Term Insurance Companies Can Implement In Order To Improve The Uptake Of Insurance Products In Zimbabwe.

ABSTRACTHouseholds and organisations in the world have come to accept that risk is inevitable in every sphere of life. The insurance mechanism has been used to address risks faced by both organisations and households. The purchase of insurance saw many people who have adopted it enjoy a number of benefits it brings. Like many African countries, Zimbabwe has also experienced low insurance penetration rate as a result of a number of challenges. The process of increasing the penetration rate has...

Effects Of Compliance With Food Safety Standards On Costs, Benefits And Organization Of Nile Perch Export Supply Chain In Tanzania

ABSTRACTTrading in high-value agro-food and fishery products like Nile perch represents one of the main possibilities for reducing poverty in Tanzania. Nile perch earner foreign exchange and provides employment to communities around Lake Victoria. However, Tanzania has experienced challenges in maintaining and expanding her share of global markets given stringent food-safety requirements in the European Union (EU). Following the three EU Nile perch export bans in the 1990s, several efforts ha...

Institutional Determinants Of Food Security In Tanzania: A Case Study Of Singida Region

ABSTRACTFood insecurity is relatively high in Singida Region although there has been an influx of development related institutions, some of which deal with food security. The extent to which the two were linked was empirically unknown. Therefore, the research for this thesis was conducted in Iramba and Singida Districts of Singida Region to determine the role of institutions in improving food security. The specific objectives were to: (i) to appraise qualitatively the role of institutions in ...


1 - 15 Of 4846 Results