A SEMANTIC ANALYSIS OF PSALM 51.

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ABSTRACT

The psalms explored the full range of human experience in a very personal and practical way. Its 50 “songs” run from the creation story through the patriarchal, theocratic, monarchical, exilic and post exilic periods. The tremendous breath of subject matter in the Psalms includes, diverse topics such as jubilation, war, peace worship, judgment, messianic prophesy, praise and lament. The psalms were set to the accompaniment of stringed instrument and served as the temple hymn book and devotional guide for the Jewish people (Nelson 1989, p483). This study is embarked upon to identify the meanings and to show how the psalmist logically select his words to plead for forgiveness. Semantics is the theory applied for this analysis with the seven types of meaning which includes Denotative, Connotative, Reflexive, Collocative, Thematic, Stylistic and Affective meaning. Our data for this research work is Psalm 51 of King James Version. The entire nineteen (19) verses is duly analyzed in chapter three of this work. In essence, semantics has enabled us to bring out wealth of meaning in the Psalm. It also helped us to discover that the psalm was meant for pleading for forgiveness.
TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title           i
Certification          ii
Dedication          iii
Acknowledgement         iv
Abstract          vi
Table of Contents         vii
CHAPTER ONE         1
1.1 Introduction         1
1.2 Purpose of the Study        2
1.3 Justification         3
1.4 Research Methodology       3
1.5 The Book of Psalms        4
1.6 Summary of the Chapter        5
CHAPTER TWO         6
2.1 Definition of Semantics       6
2.2 LEECH’S Seven Types of Meaning      8
2.2.1 Denotative Meaning        8
2.2.2 Connotative Meaning        9
2.2.3 Collocative Meaning         10
2.2.4 Affective Meaning         11
2.2.5 Stylistic Meaning         12
2.2.6 Thematic Meaning         13
2.2.7 Reflexive Meaning         13
2.3 Theories of Meaning        14
2.3.1 Referential Theory of Meaning       14
2.3.2 Image Theory of Meaning       15
2.4 Summary of the Chapter       16
CHAPTER THRE         17
3.1 Introduction          17
3.2 Data Description        46 
CHAPTER FOUR         50
4.1 Summary          50
4.2 Findings          51
4.3 Conclusion          55
BIBLIOGRAPHY         56
DATA           58
APPENDIX          59
 
INTRODUCTION

 Babatunde (1995, p2) submits that “semantics” is coined from a Greek verb which means to “signify”. He further explained semantics to be the study of meaning that seeks to covey and classify human experience through language. This implies that expressions are used to refer and efforts are made to enable the hearer to perceive the reference and the overall mode of referring. “Getting the overall meaning is certainly the concern of semantics” (Babatunde 1995, p2).
is the study of meaning in language. Semantics, according to Goddard (1998, p1), is the study of meaning which stands at the very centre of the linguistic quest to understand the nature of language and human language abilities. To  understand how any language works, we need to understand how its individual design works to fulfill its function as an intricate device for communicating meanings (Goddard 1998, p1). Palmer (1981, p206) states that:
Semantics is not a single-well-integrated discipline. It is not a clearly defined level of linguistics, not even comparable to phonology or grammar. Rather it is a set of studies of the use of language in relation to many different aspects of experience to linguistics and non-linguistic contexts, to participants in discourse, to their knowledge and experience, to the conditions under which a particular bit of language is appropriate.
 This implies that the study of semantics is not limited only to the linguistic context but also to non-linguistic context. Thus, using semantics to analyze Psalm 51 will expose the overall meaning and the intentions of the writer in the text. Psalm 51 is divided into nineteen verses written by King David (Leupold 1969, p399) and (Stamps 1992, p852). Stamps submitted that Psalm 51 was written after David had deliberately sinned against God. “He feared that God’s presence and spirit would depart from him, leaving him spiritually destitute. Thus, he wrote the Psalm to plead for forgiveness” (Stamps 1992, p852) and Nelson (1989, p503).
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APA

Ugwu, A. (2018). A SEMANTIC ANALYSIS OF PSALM 51.. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/a-semantic-analysis-of-psalm-51-9869

MLA 8th

Ugwu, Anderson "A SEMANTIC ANALYSIS OF PSALM 51." Afribary. Afribary, 29 Jan. 2018, https://afribary.com/works/a-semantic-analysis-of-psalm-51-9869. Accessed 30 Nov. 2022.

MLA7

Ugwu, Anderson . "A SEMANTIC ANALYSIS OF PSALM 51.". Afribary, Afribary, 29 Jan. 2018. Web. 30 Nov. 2022. < https://afribary.com/works/a-semantic-analysis-of-psalm-51-9869 >.

Chicago

Ugwu, Anderson . "A SEMANTIC ANALYSIS OF PSALM 51." Afribary (2018). Accessed November 30, 2022. https://afribary.com/works/a-semantic-analysis-of-psalm-51-9869