The purpose of this study was to investigate factors that determine the
academic performance of students with hearing impairment.
Student class reports were studied for term one and term two of 2008.
And multiple observation sessions were carried out during the same
The research questions were:
1. What is the nature of H.I. suffered by H.L Students?
2. What difficulties do students of H.I. face with academic learning?
3. What are the teacher’s qualifications and training?
The study was an exploratory qualitative case study design and the
instruments used for data collection were documents of any evidence of
students past results, and an observation guide. The data was analyzed
both qualitatively and quantatively using frequency counts, percentages
The results of the study were as follows.
a) The nature of hearing impairment determines the academic
performance of H.I.
b) Students of HJ. have difficulties in their academic learning as a
result of H.I.
c) The teachers’ qualifications and training determine the
academic performance of students with HI
1. Educational institutions of students with HI should employee both
visually based mode of communication and encourage the HOH children
to use hearing aids so that the auditory oral mode can be used in the
class rooms. It is through audition and not vision that English language
development can be developed most effectively and thus can serve as the
basis for English literacy. And it is reading capability that is the key to
educational accomplishments and vocational success in our modern age.
The implication of this point of view is that in educating HOH children, it
is first necessary to ensure the optimum use of their residual hearing.
Only after this is accomplished should other remediation services be
used. In no case, should any of these other services be offered as
substitutes for an optimal auditory management programme
2.Ministry of Education and Sports should support the teachers in
acquiring skills in the monitoring of hearing aids and auditory training
systems so that HOH children can be helped to develop speech and
language skills primarily through the auditory mode and employs a
primarily auditory system of communication. Educationally, when HOH
children are treated as deaf children, the visual channel receives the
primary educational emphasis rather than the auditory channel thus the
emphasis in the use of sign language in many educational institutions
with students of HI.
3. The Ministry of Education and Sports should work hand in hand with
the Ministry of Health to formulate deliberate programs to create
awareness on the causes of hearing impairment and how to prevent them
just like malaria programmes are being disseminated with the
4.Preligually Deaf students in particular have some difficulties in English
and may find difficulty to understand the meaning of questions in a
typical examination paper particularly when they communicate in sign
language which a non-grammatical language. Questions should therefore
be phrased clearly and the students understanding of them should be
checked at the outset. Invigilators must also ensure that spoken
instructions are available in written or in signed form.. For some of them
sign language may be their first language and where oral or written
communication is difficult the problem must be regarded as one of
understanding. Assignments should be outlined in clear jargon free,
5. Ministry of Education and Sports to fund all the activities in HI
schools to enable the schools procure the necessary instructional
materials for effective learning and teaching of HI students.
Areas of Further Research.
More research regarding factors that determine students of H.I. academic
performance should be carried among others on the following:
a) Whether these findings pertain to other H.I. educational
b) Students’ performance and availability of special educational
services in the HI educational institutions.
c) Students socio-economic status, syllabus coverage, the setting of examinations and their marking,
SSA, R (2021). Academic Performance Among Students Of Hearing Impairment: A Case Study Of Wakiso Secondary School For The Deaf. Afribary.com: Retrieved June 19, 2021, from https://afribary.com/works/academic-performance-among-students-of-hearing-impairment-a-case-study-of-wakiso-secondary-school-for-the-deaf
Research, SSA. "Academic Performance Among Students Of Hearing Impairment: A Case Study Of Wakiso Secondary School For The Deaf" Afribary.com. Afribary.com, 09 Jun. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/academic-performance-among-students-of-hearing-impairment-a-case-study-of-wakiso-secondary-school-for-the-deaf . Accessed 19 Jun. 2021.
Research, SSA. "Academic Performance Among Students Of Hearing Impairment: A Case Study Of Wakiso Secondary School For The Deaf". Afribary.com, Afribary.com, 09 Jun. 2021. Web. 19 Jun. 2021. < https://afribary.com/works/academic-performance-among-students-of-hearing-impairment-a-case-study-of-wakiso-secondary-school-for-the-deaf >.
Research, SSA. "Academic Performance Among Students Of Hearing Impairment: A Case Study Of Wakiso Secondary School For The Deaf" Afribary.com (2021). Accessed June 19, 2021. https://afribary.com/works/academic-performance-among-students-of-hearing-impairment-a-case-study-of-wakiso-secondary-school-for-the-deaf