An Analysis of Challenges Faced in The Prosecution of African Heads of State at The ICC

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

DECLARATION ............................................................................................................................. i

APPROVAL ................................................................................................................................... ii

DEDICATION ............................................................................................................................... iii

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT .................................................................. , .......................................... iv

ABSTRACT .................................................................................................................................. vii

LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS ...................................................................................................... viii

CHAPTER ONE ........................................................................................................................... 1

1.0 Introduction ............................................................................................................................... 1

1.1 Background of the study ........................................................................................................... 2

1.2 Problem Statement .................................................................................................................... 3

1.3 Purpose of the Study ................................................................................................................. 4

1.4 Objectives of the study .............................................................................................................. 4

1.4.1 General objective .................................................................................................................... 4

1.4.2Specific objectives .................................................................................................................. 4

1.5 Research questions ........................................................................ : ........................................... 4

1.6 Scope of the study ..................................................................................................................... 4

1.6.1 Geographical scope ................................................................................................................ 4

1.6.2 Time scope ............................................................................................................................. 5

1.6.3 Content scope ......................................................................................................................... 5

1.7 Methodology of the study ......................................................................................................... 5

1.8 Significance of the study ........................................................................................................... 5

1.9 Literature Review ...................................................................................................................... 6

1.10 Chapterization ................................................................................................................... ... 13

1.1 I Conclusion ............................................................................................................................ 13

CHAPTER TWO ........................................................................................................................ 14

LITERATURE REVIEW .......................................................................................................... 14

2.0 Introduction ............................................................................................................................. 14

2.1 Literature Reviewed ................................................................................................................ 14

v

CHAPTER THREE .................................................................................................................... 21

ANALYSIS OF THE PERFORMANCE OF ICC ................................................................... 21

3.0 Introduction ............................................................................................................................. 21

3.1 The Rome Statute and the Investigation Requirements .......................................................... 21

CHAPTER FOUR. ...................................................................................................................... 45

ANALYSIS OF THE ROLE PERFORMED BY ICC IN AFRICA ...................................... 45

4.0 Introduction ............................................................................................................................. 45

4.1 The International Criminal Court... ......................................................................................... 45

4.2 ICC in Africa ........................................................................................................................... 47

4.3 Cases before the International Criminal Court by African state officials ............................... 48

CHAPTER FIVE ........................................................................................................................ 57

RECOMMENDATIONS AND CONCLUSIONS REGARDING PROSECUTION OF

INTERNATIONAL CRIMES COMMITTED BY AFRICAN HEADS OF STATE ........... 57

5.0 Introduction ............................................................................................................................. 57

5.1 Discussion of research findings .............................................................................................. 57

5.2 Conclusion .............................................................................................................................. 58

5.3 Recommendations ................................................................................................................... 58

REFERENCES ................................................................................... : ......................................... 61

ABSTRACT This chapter was based on an analysis of challenges faced in the prosecution of African heads of state at the ICC. it was based on five chapter where chapter on provided for the introduction, chapter two provided for the literature reviewed by various authors in relation to the topic, chapter three analyzed the performance of ICC, chapter four analyzed the role performed by the ICC in Africa. The methodology used in the conduct of this study was mostly doctrinal as opposed to empirical and it was conducted using written sources such as text books, journals, reports, atticles, legislations, internet sources on the subject as well as case law. Therefore, the sources used for the conduct of this study were gotten from libraries such as the Iddi Basajabalaba Memorial Library, the Makerere University library and other libraries as is necessary for the successful conduct of the study. In conducting this study, various literatmes were consulted. Various literatures were used and these included international legislations such as the Rome Statute and the Geneva Conventions including their Additional Protocols, text books on the subject, articles, journals, reports. The Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court established the International Cdminal Court providing for its jurisdiction to try and prosecute persons found to have committed crimes provided for in the Statute. The study concluded international law jus cogens imposing obligation erga omnes to prosecute and punish persons responsible lor intemational crimes prevail over immunity of state officials. This is relevant to both national and international courts. Recommendations were made to courts should hold that international law jus cogens prevail over immunity. Hence the international criminal Courts should issue subpoenas against "state officials who may be in a position to assist the defence or prosecution and the courts in unfolding the truth and for fairness reasons to the accused persons.

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APA

Frontiers, E. & RACHAEL, T (2022). An Analysis of Challenges Faced in The Prosecution of African Heads of State at The ICC. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/an-analysis-of-challenges-faced-in-the-prosecution-of-african-heads-of-state-at-the-icc

MLA 8th

Frontiers, Edu, and TUMUKUNDE RACHAEL "An Analysis of Challenges Faced in The Prosecution of African Heads of State at The ICC" Afribary. Afribary, 05 Aug. 2022, https://afribary.com/works/an-analysis-of-challenges-faced-in-the-prosecution-of-african-heads-of-state-at-the-icc. Accessed 12 Aug. 2022.

MLA7

Frontiers, Edu, and TUMUKUNDE RACHAEL . "An Analysis of Challenges Faced in The Prosecution of African Heads of State at The ICC". Afribary, Afribary, 05 Aug. 2022. Web. 12 Aug. 2022. < https://afribary.com/works/an-analysis-of-challenges-faced-in-the-prosecution-of-african-heads-of-state-at-the-icc >.

Chicago

Frontiers, Edu and RACHAEL, TUMUKUNDE . "An Analysis of Challenges Faced in The Prosecution of African Heads of State at The ICC" Afribary (2022). Accessed August 12, 2022. https://afribary.com/works/an-analysis-of-challenges-faced-in-the-prosecution-of-african-heads-of-state-at-the-icc