The focus of this study was on code-switching that occurred in the Namibian Parliament as
observed from the volumes of parliamentary Hansards from the year 2015 to 2017. This was a
desktop study that employed a qualitative design to determine the patterns and reasons for code-switching in the Namibian Parliament. Content analysis was used to analyse data collected from
the 10 volumes of printed parliamentary Hansards. Data was further interpreted using Myers-Scotton's Matrix Language Frame Model (MLF) and the Markedness Model (MM).
Although English is the official language in Namibia, the parliamentarians still make use of other
languages in the parliamentary discourse which leads to code switching. Code switching in
Parliament can either facilitate or create a communication barrier among parliamentarians as
some of the parliamentarians do not understand some of the languages that are used for code
switching. The findings revealed that the Namibian parliamentarians used intra-sentential code
switching more frequently compared to tag- and inter-sentential switching. The findings further
indicated that parliamentarians often code-switched during interjections and interventions. Code
switching was thus used as a rhetorical device in parliamentary discourse. Other reasons for code
switching in Parliament are quoting, tone-softening, humour, real lexical need, expression of
identity, to strengthen a request and untranslatability of words. The study further revealed that
functions and reasons for code switching, can be used interchangeably. Moreover, the findings of
the study showed that parliamentarians’ code switched because English does not have some of
the words that the indigenous languages have, and in wanting to be precise the parliamentarians
used culturally correct terms thereby negatively affecting effective communication in parliament.
In addition, the findings revealed that translation makes code switching more effective in
facilitating communication among the parliamentarians.
Edu, F (2021). An Analysis of Code Switching in The Namibian Parliament. Afribary.com: Retrieved May 13, 2021, from https://afribary.com/works/an-analysis-of-code-switching-in-the-namibian-parliament
Frontiers, Edu. "An Analysis of Code Switching in The Namibian Parliament" Afribary.com. Afribary.com, 23 Apr. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/an-analysis-of-code-switching-in-the-namibian-parliament . Accessed 13 May. 2021.
Frontiers, Edu. "An Analysis of Code Switching in The Namibian Parliament". Afribary.com, Afribary.com, 23 Apr. 2021. Web. 13 May. 2021. < https://afribary.com/works/an-analysis-of-code-switching-in-the-namibian-parliament >.
Frontiers, Edu. "An Analysis of Code Switching in The Namibian Parliament" Afribary.com (2021). Accessed May 13, 2021. https://afribary.com/works/an-analysis-of-code-switching-in-the-namibian-parliament