This research aimed to explore the factors associated with school participation among selected
basic school pupils within the Accra Metropolitan Assembly. These factors were explored from
varied contexts focusing on the school, teacher and home environment all of which the literature
has identified as being influential on children’s education participation and performance.
Through the use of semi-structured in-depth interviews and questionnaires, 102 participants
(students, parents, teachers, SMC/PTA, and education officials), selected using systematic
random sampling and purposive sampling, were interviewed across 5 schools within the Accra
Metropolitan Assembly. Both qualitative and quantitative analyse of the data show that family
socio-economic background, availability of appropriate and adequate school infrastructure (well
ventilated classrooms, seating places and toilet facilities), as well as teaching and learning
materials proved significant for children’s school participation. Teacher attitudes and behaviours , as well as pedagogical and professional qualifications, also proved significant for student
participation. Additional factors that significantly correlate with school attendance include
family living arrangement, parental material support; emotional support and guidance and
involvement in school activities. However, sibling size, and other school infrastructure including
urinals and hand washing facilities were not found to significantly correlate with school
participation. The study recommends the institutionalization and adherence to effective
infrastructure standards and guidelines, as well as the provision of adequate infrastructure by the
government. The study also recommends increased supply of teaching and learning materials
especially textbooks; effective use of appropriate teaching methodologies by teachers; and
sensitization to increase parents/guardians and school collaboration in order to monitor pupils
Edu, F (2021). An Examination of Factors Associated With School Participation in The Accra Metropolitan Assembly. Afribary.com: Retrieved April 15, 2021, from https://afribary.com/works/an-examination-of-factors-associated-with-school-participation-in-the-accra-metropolitan-assembly
Frontiers, Edu. "An Examination of Factors Associated With School Participation in The Accra Metropolitan Assembly" Afribary.com. Afribary.com, 06 Apr. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/an-examination-of-factors-associated-with-school-participation-in-the-accra-metropolitan-assembly . Accessed 15 Apr. 2021.
Frontiers, Edu. "An Examination of Factors Associated With School Participation in The Accra Metropolitan Assembly". Afribary.com, Afribary.com, 06 Apr. 2021. Web. 15 Apr. 2021. < https://afribary.com/works/an-examination-of-factors-associated-with-school-participation-in-the-accra-metropolitan-assembly >.
Frontiers, Edu. "An Examination of Factors Associated With School Participation in The Accra Metropolitan Assembly" Afribary.com (2021). Accessed April 15, 2021. https://afribary.com/works/an-examination-of-factors-associated-with-school-participation-in-the-accra-metropolitan-assembly