ANALYSIS OF ARTICLE 98 OF THE ROME STATUTE ON ITS IMPACT IN THE GLOBAL FIGHT AGAINST IMPUNITY.

SSA Research ABEL NDLOVU: 64 PAGES (18548 WORDS) Dissertation
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ABSTRACT

International criminal justice system thrives and survives on state cooperation. In order

to end impunity and pursuant to the principles of individual criminal accountability and

individual criminal responsibility, states are obliged to arrest and surrender suspects

within their territories or in their custody or control in terms of Article 86 and 87 of the

Rome statute. State cooperation with the ICC is peremptory, since it is the major

weapon the court can use to bring the suspects to trial since the court does not have

police force or service of its own to arrest and bring suspects before the court. States

parties must co-operate fully with the ICC in its investigations and prosecutions of

crimes within the jurisdiction of the court in terms of Article 86 of the Rome statute. Non

state parties may be invited to provide assistance to the ICC in terms Article 87(5) (a) of

the Rome statute. Article 89(1) provides that the ICC may request arrest and surrender

of a person from any state on the territory of which the suspect may be found and shall

request the cooperation of that state. The aforementioned provisions should be read

mutatis mutandis with the provisions of Article 27 of the Rome statute whose provisions

seek to remove impediments that may hinder the full cooperation of states with on the

pretext of official and personal immunity. Article 27 states that there are no immunities

that may hinder the court from exercising its jurisdiction on any person on the basis of

official and personal immunity. The defense of immunity has grown over the years

especially with African states in particular the recent cases of Uhuru Kenyatta (Kenya)

and Al Bashir (Sudan) where African states requested a deferral from the United

Nations Security Council on the basis that they were seating presidents and could not

be prosecuted. These aforementioned provisions go a long way in promoting

cooperation with the court. It is however, the provisions of Article 98 of the Rome

Statute which seriously impact on state cooperation as it prohibits the court from

compelling a state to surrender any person or property. which may cause state

requested to invoke immunity or protection of the person of the person in terms of its

obligations in terms of its obligations in bi-lateral agreements or International

vii

agreements. This research assesses the impact of Article 98 of the Rome statute to the

state cooperation.

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APA

SSA, R (2021). ANALYSIS OF ARTICLE 98 OF THE ROME STATUTE ON ITS IMPACT IN THE GLOBAL FIGHT AGAINST IMPUNITY.. Afribary.com: Retrieved May 08, 2021, from https://afribary.com/works/analysis-of-article-98-of-the-rome-statute-on-its-impact-in-the-global-fight-against-impunity

MLA 8th

Research, SSA. "ANALYSIS OF ARTICLE 98 OF THE ROME STATUTE ON ITS IMPACT IN THE GLOBAL FIGHT AGAINST IMPUNITY." Afribary.com. Afribary.com, 04 May. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/analysis-of-article-98-of-the-rome-statute-on-its-impact-in-the-global-fight-against-impunity . Accessed 08 May. 2021.

MLA7

Research, SSA. "ANALYSIS OF ARTICLE 98 OF THE ROME STATUTE ON ITS IMPACT IN THE GLOBAL FIGHT AGAINST IMPUNITY.". Afribary.com, Afribary.com, 04 May. 2021. Web. 08 May. 2021. < https://afribary.com/works/analysis-of-article-98-of-the-rome-statute-on-its-impact-in-the-global-fight-against-impunity >.

Chicago

Research, SSA. "ANALYSIS OF ARTICLE 98 OF THE ROME STATUTE ON ITS IMPACT IN THE GLOBAL FIGHT AGAINST IMPUNITY." Afribary.com (2021). Accessed May 08, 2021. https://afribary.com/works/analysis-of-article-98-of-the-rome-statute-on-its-impact-in-the-global-fight-against-impunity