1.0 Background Information
The seaports are very important to the Nigerian trade as practically
all imports and exports move through the ports. The importance of
the seaports is attested to by the fact that approximately 99% by
volume of Nigeria total imports and exports are seaborne; Nigeria
ports control 60% of import into West and Central Africa. The ports
have served as a major determinant of how economic activities are
distributed. The volume of cargo-throughout at the ports is an
important measure of the level of economic development of a
country (Chioma, 2011).
The volume and value of cargo received by ports pay a vital role in
ports revenue earnings as such cargoes must be handled seriously.
Cargoes safety is a very important function of any port system that
drives the ports economy and the nation’s economy concomitantly.
Therefore, it becomes necessary that cargo pilferage or theft which
happens to be an age-long disease affecting ports especially ports of
developing countries be tackled to ensure a more efficient port in
terms of cargo friendliness. 2
It was in view of this problem mentioned above and other related
issues that precipitated the move to concession the Nigeria Seaports
so as to allow for efficiency in ports operation viz-a-viz cargo safety
during her stay in the ports.
A port is a location on a coast or shore containing one or more
harbours where ships can dock and transfer people or cargo to or
from land. Port locations are selected to optimize access to land and
navigable water, for commercial demand, and for shelter from wind
and waves. The use of the sea as a means of transfer in Nigeria
dates back to the 15th century (1458) when the Portuguese sailed
into Lagos with their vessels basically to trade on artifacts in Benin
City. From the pre-independence era till date, the nation’s maritime
industry is characterized by the domination of foreign vessels and/
or carriers from the developed market economies of Western Europe
and America. In order to control this scenario, subsequent
developments led to the opening of ports at Apapa and Port
Harcourt, rolling in the creation of the Nigerian Ports Authority
(NPA) by the provision of Ports Act 1954 to load and discharge as
well as maintain and develop the ports (Njoku, 2009).
African Research, R (2021). Analysis Of Cargo Pilferage In Nigerian Seaports: Pre And Post Concession Eras. Afribary.com: Retrieved April 11, 2021, from https://afribary.com/works/analysis-of-cargo-pilferage-in-nigerian-seaports-pre-and-post-concession-eras
Resources, African Research. "Analysis Of Cargo Pilferage In Nigerian Seaports: Pre And Post Concession Eras" Afribary.com. Afribary.com, 07 Apr. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/analysis-of-cargo-pilferage-in-nigerian-seaports-pre-and-post-concession-eras . Accessed 11 Apr. 2021.
Resources, African Research. "Analysis Of Cargo Pilferage In Nigerian Seaports: Pre And Post Concession Eras". Afribary.com, Afribary.com, 07 Apr. 2021. Web. 11 Apr. 2021. < https://afribary.com/works/analysis-of-cargo-pilferage-in-nigerian-seaports-pre-and-post-concession-eras >.
Resources, African Research. "Analysis Of Cargo Pilferage In Nigerian Seaports: Pre And Post Concession Eras" Afribary.com (2021). Accessed April 11, 2021. https://afribary.com/works/analysis-of-cargo-pilferage-in-nigerian-seaports-pre-and-post-concession-eras