Analysis of Genetic Diversity and Population Structure in Yam (Dioscorea Species) Germplasm Using Start Codon Targeted (SCoT) Molecular Markers

Abstract:

Yam (Dioscorea spp.) is an important food security crop with economic, nutritional, and medicinal value. It is a source of carbohydrates for millions of people in tropical and sub-tropical regions of Africa, Asia, South America, the Caribbean, and the South Pacific Islands. Determining the appropriate parents for breeding programs is the most important decision that plant breeders must make to maximize genetic variability and produce excellent recombinant varieties. However, adequate genetic diversity and the population structure of yam accessions in Kenya are not available to guide accurate selection of parents for breeding. In the present study, 25 start-codon-targeted (SCoT) molecular markers were used to determine the genetic diversity and population structure among 20 yam accessions grown in Kenya. A total of 294 fragments were amplified, of which 95% were polymorphic with an average of 11.16 polymorphic fragments per primer. The polymorphic information content (PIC) value and primer resolving power (Rp) of 0.58 and 5.91, respectively, revealed high genetic diversity among the accessions. A dendrogram based on the unweighted pair group method of arithmetic means (UPGMA) grouped the 20 yam accessions into two clusters at 0.61 genetic similarity coefficients. Bayesian structure analysis revealed the existence of three subpopulations and some admixed accessions. Analysis of molecular variance (AMOVA) revealed a variance of 60% within the subpopulations and 40% among the subpopulations. The high degree of genetic diversity in the yam accessions successfully exhibited by SCoT molecular markers may serve as a valuable aid to widen the genetic base in yam breeding programs. The selection and hybridization of parental lines from the different clusters and sub-clusters identified could provide a foundation and could be exploited for yam breeding and variety development.
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APA

Public Library, A. & Atieno, O (2024). Analysis of Genetic Diversity and Population Structure in Yam (Dioscorea Species) Germplasm Using Start Codon Targeted (SCoT) Molecular Markers. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/analysis-of-genetic-diversity-and-population-structure-in-yam-dioscorea-species-germplasm-using-start-codon-targeted-scot-molecular-markers

MLA 8th

Public Library, Africana, and Owiti Atieno "Analysis of Genetic Diversity and Population Structure in Yam (Dioscorea Species) Germplasm Using Start Codon Targeted (SCoT) Molecular Markers" Afribary. Afribary, 10 Mar. 2024, https://afribary.com/works/analysis-of-genetic-diversity-and-population-structure-in-yam-dioscorea-species-germplasm-using-start-codon-targeted-scot-molecular-markers. Accessed 18 May. 2024.

MLA7

Public Library, Africana, and Owiti Atieno . "Analysis of Genetic Diversity and Population Structure in Yam (Dioscorea Species) Germplasm Using Start Codon Targeted (SCoT) Molecular Markers". Afribary, Afribary, 10 Mar. 2024. Web. 18 May. 2024. < https://afribary.com/works/analysis-of-genetic-diversity-and-population-structure-in-yam-dioscorea-species-germplasm-using-start-codon-targeted-scot-molecular-markers >.

Chicago

Public Library, Africana and Atieno, Owiti . "Analysis of Genetic Diversity and Population Structure in Yam (Dioscorea Species) Germplasm Using Start Codon Targeted (SCoT) Molecular Markers" Afribary (2024). Accessed May 18, 2024. https://afribary.com/works/analysis-of-genetic-diversity-and-population-structure-in-yam-dioscorea-species-germplasm-using-start-codon-targeted-scot-molecular-markers