Natural & Applied Sciences

Research Papers/Topics in Natural & Applied Sciences

Determination of the Putative Insect Vector of Napier Grass Stunt Phytoplasma using Molecular and Bioassay techniques in Western Kenya

Abstract: Sampling insects in and around Napier grass fields revealed that 21 Homopteran insect species exploit Napier Grass (Pennisetum purpureum Schumach 1827) canopy. Leafhopper Cicadulina sp., and plant hoppers; Leptodelphax dymas Young, and Sogatella manentho Horvath, are the most dominant Napier canopy insects. This study developed a Loop Mediated Isothermal Amplification of DNA (LAMP) for rapid detection of phytoplasma 16S rDNA. LAMP was simple, sensitive, specific, robust and very ra...

PCR-high Resolution Melting Analysis of the COI, cyt b and 16S rRNA Mini-barcode Genes: A Tool for Species Identification and Discrimination in Illegal Bushmeat Trade

Abstract: Reliable molecular identification of vertebrate species from morphologically unidentifiable tissue is critical to the prosecution of illegally traded wildlife products to limit their trade, as well us for surveillance to inform conservation policies and identification of blood-meal hosts. Currently, this is mainly dependent on sequencing of the cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (COI) ‘barcode’ genes, which remains costly for purposes of screening large numbers of unknown samples a...

Nanotechnology in Electronics

Nano electronics are part of the nanotechnology domain, which deals with the characterization, manipulation and fabrication of the electronic devices at the Nano scale. Nano electronics is one of the major technologies of Nanotechnology. 

Is sexual dimorphism in morphometric variables of the proximal femur moderated by age in adulthood? A cross-sectional study in Ghana

Ageing may impact proximal femoral morphometry in both males and females. However, it is not clear whether the observed sexual dimorphism is attributable to an ageing effect in the post-pubertal period. The potential effect of ageing on sexual dimorphism in the proximal femur is most significantly relevant for forensic and osteoarchaeological research. The study was cross-sectional and comprised 123 participants (females = 72 and males = 51), who were recorded between January 2017 and June 20...

Is sexual dimorphism in morphometric variables of the proximal femur moderated by agein adulthood? Across-sectional study in Ghana

Ageing may impact proximal femoral morphometry in both males and females. However, it is not clear whether the observed sexual dimorphism is attributable to an ageing effect in the post-pubertal period. The potential effect of ageing on sexual dimorphism in the proximal femur is most significantly relevant for forensic and osteoarchaeological research. The study was cross-sectional and comprised 123 participants (females = 72 and males = 51), who were recorded between January 2017 and June 20...

New Approach of Solving Quadratic Equation

Abstract The objective of this present work is to introduce a new method of solving quadratic equations different from the existing methods. In this paper, we explicitly explain the new method and carefully discussed the conditions necessary for using this new approach. Finally, we apply our new approach to solve some questions and compare the result with the existing methods and results coincide. KEYWORD: The following are the keywords to be discuss namely; Affected quadratic equation,Absolu...

Evaluation of an Algorithm of Software Defects of Understandability Using a New Metric of Software

Abstract:  Prudence is one of the important features of software quality, as it can affect the stability of software. The cost and reuse of software is also likely to make sense. To maintain software, programmers have to understand the source code. The understanding of source code depends on the psychological complexity of the software, and cognitive abilities are required to understand the source code. The understanding of source code is influenced by so many factors, here we have taken var...

New Fuzzy Fixed Point Results in Generalised Fuzzy Metric Space with Applications and Fuzzy Mappings

Abstract:  In this paper, we extend the application of generalized fuzzy metric space and generalized locations with fuzzy mapping such as quasi-pseudo-metric spaces and cone metric spaces. Some assumptions are also acceptable for α-commuting, α-weakly consistent mapping, L-fuzzy mapping for L-fuzzy sets, and a pair of βFL - L-fuzzy mappings. Based on the above definitions, some interesting coincidence points, common fixed points, and fixed point results are obtained that generalize not o...

Security Concerns in Electronic Files Authenticated Systems

Traditional file management systems and manual processes have presented a number of difficulties and restrictions, such as difficult administration, inadequate security, and restricted data sharing options for users and organizations. After overcoming these obstacles, file management systems have typically moved to the more advanced models of today, which offer better features and benefits, particularly in critical areas where their applications cannot be compromised. The primary goal of this...

A Task Performance and Fitness Predictive Model Based on Neuro-Fuzzy Modeling

Recruiters’ decisions in the selection of candidates for specific job roles are not only dependent on physical attributes and academic qualifications but also on the fitness of candidates for the specified tasks. In this paper, we propose and develop a simple neuro-fuzzy-based task performance and fitness model for the selection of candidates. This is accomplished by obtaining from Kaggle (an online database) samples of task performance-related data of employees in various firms. Data were ...

Assessing the effectiveness of the Synthenic and Rearrangement Identifier (SyRI) tool for finding genomic rearrangements; A case study of comparison between RefBeet (Chr3) and Beta vulgaris s

This project discusses the influence of genomic structure on phenotypic expression in plants and animals, emphasizing intraspecific variations arising from diverse genomic structures. It highlights historical misinterpretations of structural rearrangements and advocates for comprehensive whole chromosome comparisons. The project focuses on using the SyRI tool to validate findings from whole-genome analysis of sugar beet and sea beet genomes, revealing insights into the role of the Rz2 locus i...

Design and Construction of a Smart RFID-based Car Parking System

ABSTRACT In our rapidly advancing world, the integration of automation has become pivotal for modern living particularly in car parking management. Hence, this research project is focused on design and construction of RFID-based Car Parking System while utilizing Arduino technology. Defering from manual check-ins, this system employs RFID technology to seamlessly detect and manage vehicles, reducing congestion and enhancing the overall parking experience. The project's standout features incl...

Synthesis of Montmorillonite-silica nanocomposite and optimization of adsorption parameters for Congo red adsorption

Dyes are used in various industries such as pharmaceutical, cosmetic, paper, leather, food stuff, plastics, and textile etc. The effluents are discharged into the environment by either water or land. The discharge of these effluents into the receiving environments results in hazardous health problems as most of these dyes have carcinogenic effects on the living organisms. Congo red was removed on montmorillonite-silica nanocomposite from solution by adsorption process. The percentage yield wa...

Investigating the anti-filarial efficacy and molecular interactions of thiadiazol derivative: Insight from quantum chemical calculations, pharmacokinetics, and molecular docking studies

Abstract Parasitic infections such as lymphatic filariasis (elephantiasis) solely result from the infestation of a slender and thread-like worm. This condition precipitates swelling, often accompanied by skin alterations, potentially leading to substantial disability and disfigurement. Recent advancements in preventive measures for lymphatic filariasis encompass mass drug administration (MDA) involving antifilarial drugs. To that effect, this investigation employs an experimental and theoreti...

Investigating the anti-filarial efficacy and molecular interactions of thiadiazol derivative: Insight from quantum chemical calculations, pharmacokinetics, and molecular docking studies.

Abstract Parasitic infections such as lymphatic filariasis (elephantiasis) solely result from the infestation of a slender and thread-like worm. This condition precipitates swelling, often accompanied by skin alterations, potentially leading to substantial disability and disfigurement. Recent advancements in preventive measures for lymphatic filariasis encompass mass drug administration (MDA) involving antifilarial drugs. To that effect, this investigation employs an experimental and theoret...


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