APPRAISAL OF TECHNIQUES FOR EXPENDITURE CONTROL IN GOVERNMENT OWNED HOSPITALS

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THESIS ABSTRACT
The researcher has primary examined some of the expenditure control techniques that are and could be applied in government owned hospitals. Noting the obstacles and their rate of effectiveness, emphasis are laid on the techniques already in application.
Data for the research were gathered through interviews, questionnaires and financial regulations. Percentages were used in the data analysis. The following are the research findings.
Budgeting, internal control and audits are commonly used by government owned hospitals in order to curb expenditures, cost  benefits, analysis and management audits that could be applied are not in use. 
Variance analysis is the budgeting review technique universally applied for analyzing budgeting estimates. The effectiveness of each of these techniques are hindered by obstacles inherent in the implementation.
Government indicates the goals to be achieved with a given outlay. It is therefore essential to control the expenditure to serve the allowed purposes. Expenditure controls may be positive or negative. Expenditure controls essentially reflect a managerial process that is both political and administrative. The type of expenditure controls employed and their effectiveness are dependent in the external and internal environment of the ministry and the respective hospital.
 
TABLE OF CONTENT

Title page
Dedication
Acknowledgement
Abstract
Table of content

CHAPTER ONE – INTRODUCTION
1.1Background of the study
1.2Statement of the study
1.3Objective of study
1.4Significance of study
1.5Research question
1.6Scope and limitation
1.7List of abbreviations
1.8Definition of terms.

CHAPTER TWO – REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE
2.1 Internal control
2.2 Responsibility for internal control
2.3 Internal control as expenditure control techniques
2.4 Internal auditing
2.5 Internal Audit as an expenditure control technique 
2.6 Management Audit.

CHAPTER THREE
3.1. Summary of findings
3.2 Recommendation
3.3 Area for further study
Bibliography
References.

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APA

Ugwu, A. (2018). APPRAISAL OF TECHNIQUES FOR EXPENDITURE CONTROL IN GOVERNMENT OWNED HOSPITALS. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/appraisal-of-techniques-for-expenditure-control-in-government-owned-hospitals-712

MLA 8th

Ugwu, Anderson "APPRAISAL OF TECHNIQUES FOR EXPENDITURE CONTROL IN GOVERNMENT OWNED HOSPITALS" Afribary. Afribary, 29 Jan. 2018, https://afribary.com/works/appraisal-of-techniques-for-expenditure-control-in-government-owned-hospitals-712. Accessed 04 Mar. 2024.

MLA7

Ugwu, Anderson . "APPRAISAL OF TECHNIQUES FOR EXPENDITURE CONTROL IN GOVERNMENT OWNED HOSPITALS". Afribary, Afribary, 29 Jan. 2018. Web. 04 Mar. 2024. < https://afribary.com/works/appraisal-of-techniques-for-expenditure-control-in-government-owned-hospitals-712 >.

Chicago

Ugwu, Anderson . "APPRAISAL OF TECHNIQUES FOR EXPENDITURE CONTROL IN GOVERNMENT OWNED HOSPITALS" Afribary (2018). Accessed March 04, 2024. https://afribary.com/works/appraisal-of-techniques-for-expenditure-control-in-government-owned-hospitals-712