Assessing The Growth, Nodulation And Nitrogen Fixing Potential Of Some Multipurpose Trees And Shrubs

ABSTRACT

This study was conducted to assess the growth, nodulation and nitrogen fixing

potential of some native multipurpose trees and shrubs.

A total of fourteen species of indigenous leguminous trees and shrubs were

initially screened for nodulation in three Ghanaian soils (Toje, Hatso and Alajo

soil series), after 8 weeks of growth in nursery bags. The experiment was repeated

with nine species of the tree/shrub legumes, this time under two levels of

phosphorus (0 and 60 mg P/kg soil). The final study involved four of the

tree/shrub legume species, which were assessed for both inoculation and

phosphorus responses, and abilities to fix nitrogen as assessed by the 1 Isotope

dilution method.

Nodulation of the tree/shrub legumes by native rhizobia was highly variable, with

five of the tree/shrub species, namely, Albizia lebbek, Sesbania aculiata,

Pithecelobium spp, Tephrosia spp and Acacia farresiana being nodulated by

native rhizobia in all three soils. In contrast, the following six tree legumes,

Acacia adianthifolia, Albizia zygia, Acacia mangium, Senna occidentalis, Cassia

occidentalis and Tamarindus indica did not form any nodule in any of the three

soils. The presence of indigenous Rhizobium in all three soils, capable of

nodulating A. lebbek, Pithecelobium spp, and Tephrosia spp was confirmed in a

final study with four leguminous trees and shrubs; unioculated Leucaena spp

however nodulated only in Toje soil. The number of rhizobia counted by the most

probable number (MPN) method for the four legumes in the three soils ranged

from 31/g soil to 1700/g soil. The populations of native Rhizobium/g soil capable

of nodulating each of these four legumes were found to be highest in Alajo soil

(mean 9.95 xlO2) while the least Rhizobium counts occurred in Hatso soil (mean

1.10 xlO2).

iv

Rhizobium isolates obtained from Tephrosia spp were found to be most

promiscuous, and except for Leucaena spp, isolates from Tephrosia spp nodulated

the two other tree species (i. e. A. lebbek,and Pithecelobium spp ), in contrast to

isolates from A. lebbek and Pithecelobium spp which were found to be specific

only for their respective host plants. Phosphorus application alone resulted in

significantly improved nodulation (on average about 63%). Sesbania specioca, S.

Aculiata and A. farresiana did not nodulate with the indigenous rhizobia without

phosphorus in Toje soil but did nodulate after phosphorus application. Similarly,

S. rostrata and Leucaena spp nodulated in Hatso and Alajo soils, only after

phosphorus application. Despite the general response by the trees to phosphorus,

some species, like A. lebbek, S. aculiata and Tephrosia spp did not respond

significantly to phosphorus application on Alajo soil. Phosphorus application,

however did not result in significant increase in both %N fixed (about 38%) and

total N (about 44 mg) fixed. Also, with the exception of Tephrosia spp, P

application did not result in significant increase in total dry matter yield of the tree

legumes. Although inoculation resulted in more than double nodule numbers of

the tree species, it did not result in significant increase in both total N fixed and

%N fixed. It also did not significantly increase total dry matter yield except in the

case of Tephrosia spp. Leucaena responded highest to inoculation with an

increase of over 123% total N fixed. In general however, Tephrosia spp gave the

highest Biological Nitrogen Fixation (BNF) followed by Pithecelobium spp and A.

lebbek with the lowest being Leucaena in terms of both percent and total N fixed.

These studies therefore identified Tephrosia spp as having high potential for both

dry matter yield and nitrogen fixation. Because of the high numbers of native

rhizobia present in the soils studied, Tephrosia spp stands a good chance of being

used for nitrogen recycling.

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APA

YAW, B (2021). Assessing The Growth, Nodulation And Nitrogen Fixing Potential Of Some Multipurpose Trees And Shrubs. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/assessing-the-growth-nodulation-and-nitrogen-fixing-potential-of-some-multipurpose-trees-and-shrubs

MLA 8th

YAW, BOAKYE "Assessing The Growth, Nodulation And Nitrogen Fixing Potential Of Some Multipurpose Trees And Shrubs" Afribary. Afribary, 13 Apr. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/assessing-the-growth-nodulation-and-nitrogen-fixing-potential-of-some-multipurpose-trees-and-shrubs. Accessed 21 Jul. 2024.

MLA7

YAW, BOAKYE . "Assessing The Growth, Nodulation And Nitrogen Fixing Potential Of Some Multipurpose Trees And Shrubs". Afribary, Afribary, 13 Apr. 2021. Web. 21 Jul. 2024. < https://afribary.com/works/assessing-the-growth-nodulation-and-nitrogen-fixing-potential-of-some-multipurpose-trees-and-shrubs >.

Chicago

YAW, BOAKYE . "Assessing The Growth, Nodulation And Nitrogen Fixing Potential Of Some Multipurpose Trees And Shrubs" Afribary (2021). Accessed July 21, 2024. https://afribary.com/works/assessing-the-growth-nodulation-and-nitrogen-fixing-potential-of-some-multipurpose-trees-and-shrubs