Agriculture

Research Papers/Topics in Agriculture

Impact of Production Inputs and Timing on Crackness of Rice in Northern Ghana

Under rain-fed conditions, perfumed rice production in Northern Ghana is associated with high paddy cracking during milling. In this study, 4 perfumed rice varieties, 6 staggered planting times, 6 staggered harvesting cycles, and staggered storage duration from harvest to six months of storage were used in a randomized complete block design to identify the best combination of factors that are associated with low cracking in rice production. )e experiment was laid out in a randomized comple...

Influence of Cowpea Lines As Green Manure on Growth and Yield of Carrots in Root-Knot Nematode Infested Soil

An experiment was conducted at the University of Education, Winneba, Mampong-Ashanti campus to determine the effect of some cowpea lines as green manure on the growth and yield of carrot in root-knot nematode infested soil.  Randomized complete block design with five treatments and four replications was used. The treatments were cowpea lines IT97K-570-18; IT97K-566-18; and IT00K-1150 as green manure, N.P.K (15, 15, 15) and control.  The results showed negative correlation between ro...

Climate Change Awareness and Coping Strategies of Cocoa Farmers in Rural Ghana

The study assessed the perception of farmers on the awareness, causes and impact of climate change on their farming activities. The study further identifies and describes the various coping strategies adopted by farmers and ways of improving upon them to effectively tackle change in climatic conditions. The collected data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, such as frequencies, and percentages. The other key technique that was employed to address the objective incl...

Constraints Facing Cocoa-Based Agricultural Knowledge and Information System in Ghana: Perception of Cocoa Farmers in the Eastern Region of Ghana

The study ranked and analysed the constraints facing the Cocoa-based Agricultural Knowledge and Information System (AKIS) in Ghana from the perspectives of cocoa farmers in the Eastern Region. Kendall’s Coefficient of Concordance (W) was used to test the rank of factors that influence the efficient functioning of the cocoa-based AKIS. The study revealed that there was a 100% agreement among the various rankings that 22.7% of the coefficient of concordance is correct. Implying that, there is...

APPLICATION OF VIBRATION TECHNIQUE FOR THE CONTROL OF PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF YAM (Dioscorea spp.) SPROUTS DURING STORAGE IN FUNAAB, NIGERIA ENVIRONMENT

Early sprouting of yam tuber is a typical problem during storage resulting into weight losses, deterioration, shrinkage and reduction in quality. This research work therefore carried out investigation on the application of vibration technique for the control of physical properties of yam (Dioscorea spp.) sprouts during storage in FUNAAB, Nigeria environment. The physical properties (length, number and weight of sprout, number of leaves and weight of roots) of the yam sprouts were determi...

Application of Vibration Technique for the Control of Physical Properties of Yam Sprouts (Dioscorea spp.) during Storage in Funaab, Nigeria Environment

Early sprouting of yam tuber is a typical problem during storage resulting into weight losses, deterioration, shrinkage and reduction in quality. This work therefore applied vibration technique for the control of physical properties of yam sprouts (Dioscorea spp.) during storage in FUNAAB, Nigeria Environment. The physical properties (length, number, and weight of yam sprout, number of leaves, weight of roots) of the yam sprouts were determined for one hundred and for...

PROFIT EFFICIENCY OF SMALL-SCALE RICE FARMS IN PATIGI LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, KWARA STATE, NIGERIA

This study examined the profit efficiency of small-scale rice farms in Patigi Local Government Area of Kwara State, Nigeria based on the data collected from 150 small scale rice farmers in the study area which was selected using a three-stage sampling method. The Cobb-Douglas Stochastic Frontier Profit Function, Descriptive statistics, Gross margin analysis were used to analyze the data obtained for profit efficiency, socio￾economic characteristics of the respondents and...

Checkered Forest Arrangement Method

A novelty method of forest arrangement presented by N.O. Ozherelev (english version of dissertation)

The Determinants of Rural Households Food Security and Coping Strategies: The Case of Meta District, East Hararghe Zone of Oromia National Regional State of Ethiopia

The Determinants of Rural Households Food Security and Coping Strategies: The Case of Meta District, East Hararghe Zone of Oromia National Regional State of Ethiopia ABSTRACT An understanding of the major determinants of food security is important for interventions aiming at minimizing food insecurity. Therefore, this study was carried out in Meta district of East Hararghe Zone, the objectives of this study were to assess status of household food security, to analyze the determinant...

The Experiences and Coping Strategies of Rural Women in Riverside, Zimbabwe with Regard to Water Scarcity

AbstractWater scarcity is a slow – onset disaster that does not usually obtain rapid humanitarian intervention, and the group mostly affected is women. This dissertation focuses on experiences and coping strategies of rural women with regards to water scarcity. The main focus is on exploring the impact of water scarcity on rural women and determining the significance the of progression of vulnerability model, progression of safety model and risk reduction objectives...

Evaluation of Cheese Quality Using Graded Level of Different Plant Extracts as Milk Coagulant

ABSTRACTCheese was prepared in a small scale at the Department of Agricultural technology Laboratory Kwara State polytechnic Ilorin, Kwara State and analysis of some parameter was carried out on evaluation of cheese quality using graded levels of different plant extracts as coagulant such as C.procera, C.papaya and lime fruit juice. The Parameters analyzed for were, Weight of the cheese, Colour of the cheese, pH of the whey, Time of coagulation, Texture of the cheese Taste of the chees...

Economic Importance of Irish Potato

CHAPTER ONE1.0     INTRODUCTION          Irish potato is also known as (solanum tubersum L) among crops Irish potato contribute significantly to economic development in Nigeria. It is now grown extensively throughout the world and it one of the important agricultural crops, world production reached a record of 320 million tones in 2007 and production in the developing countries has almost doubled since 1991, with a corres...

DEVELOPMENT OF SOLAR POWERED POULTRY EGG INCUBATOR

ABSTRACT: Chick production from developing embryo is a profitable business in Nigeria due to the high demand of protein. The constant failure of electricity supply in Nigeria obstructs operation of incubator and reduce its performance. This study developed solar powered poultry egg incubator. The dimension of the designed incubator was 610mm×607mm×1649mm with capacity of 150eggs. From the design calculation the sizes of the solar panel, charge controller, batteries ...

Soil Porosity and Water Infiltration as Influenced by Tillage Practices on Federal University of Agriculture Abeokuta, Ogun State, Nigeria Soil

 AbstractThe relations between soil pore structure induced by tillage and infiltration play an important role in flow characteristics of water and solutes in soil. The effects of agricultural management practices on soil physical parameters aid the effective sustainability of soils. In this study, three tillage methods common to the study area on porosity and water infiltration were assessed. Tillage treatments include zero tillage (Plot covered with vegetation (conservation tillage))...

Pre- and Postharvest Factors Affecting Quality and Safety of Pepper (Piper nigrum L.)

AbstractThe quality and safety of pepper (Piper nigrum L.) are a function of crop management practices, harvest maturity, harvesting methods and subsequent handling after harvest, including storage conditions and processing methods. The review shows that volatile oil decreases with shade intensity (15–30%). Essential oil, oleoresin, piperine and monoterpenes (thujene, α-pinene, sabinene, limonene, α-phellandrene and linalool) increase with altitude, while β-caryophyllene and total p...


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