Agriculture

Research Papers/Topics in Agriculture

Measuring the Guest-Host Interaction: An Empirical Analysis for Sustainable Tourism Development in Sikkim

The conventional concept of destination development undermined the sustainable issues and its orientation. Later on, the confusion was not the adoption of sustainable development philosophy but its correct implication and application. Alpine State Sikkim is primarily known as an exotic, idyllic, multi-ethnic Indian hill station since 1975 with its distinct biogeographic and socio-cultural characteristics. Being one of the successful and mature alpine Indian States, tourism development in Sikk...

Tourism-led Poverty Alleviation in South Asia – An Analytical Rapportage

Presently, when the whole world is busy celebrating the technological advancements, accumulated wealth and gains from globalization along with industrialization, poverty continues to stand as a ubiquitous and prevalent predicament in South Asia which is home to a quarter of the world population and nearly one third of the poor people in the world. Albeit, there has been a sizable reduction in the poverty headcount ratio since 1990, about 256 million people remain in absolute poverty in this r...

Role of Local Community in Heritage Management for Sustainable Cultural Tourism Development: A Study on Lalbagh Region, Murshidabad, West Bengal

In recent times, a growing movement has been observed on the involvement of local community for the conservation of heritages with an aim of sustainable use of natural and cultural resources. Social science research on community participation in any kind of development has been conducted in several fields and tourism discipline is also not an exception. Generally, community can engage in tourism business directly through having some control i.e. in planning & management and/or providing servi...

Conservation and Management of Indian Built Heritages: Exploring the Issues and Challenges

Heritage Tourism has emerged as a catalyst for economic growth thanks to its ability to create alternative jobs, induce developed infrastructures and increase the flow of both domestic and foreign tourists which result in regional as well as national growth. India, a country blessed with remarkable natural and manmade heritages has welcomed this niche form tourism with open arms. However, as a consequence of negligence and lack of proper management skills, the sustainability of these monument...

Sustainable Destination Development through Responsible Community Based Tourism Initiatives: Select Case Studies from Bali Village, Indian Sunderbans

Responsible tourism is emerging out as a tourism strategy that focuses on the maximization of tourism benefits. It not only emphasizes on the environmental protection but also remembers the tourism stakeholders their socio-economic and environmental responsibilities to a certain place and to its people. In this background, the current paper has tried to access two Community Based Tourism (CBT) initiatives namely (1) Sundarban Jungle Camp, and (2) Tora Eco resort and Life Experience Centre in ...

Food Security; Improving Food Security and Livelihoods

Abstract:Food security, as defined by the United Nations' Committee on World Food Security, means that all people, at all times, have physical, social, and economic access to sufficient, safe, and nutritious food that meets their food preferences and dietary needs for an active and healthy life.Food security exists when “all people, at all times have physical and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food that meets their dietary needs and food preferences for an...

EVALUATION OF EFFECTIVE MICROORGANISMS TECHNOLOGY IN INDUSTRIAL WOOD WASTE MANAGEMENT

The huge quantity of waste generated from industries pose a major problem of proper and adequate treatment. Many methods have been discovered for proper waste management so as to convert waste into reusable by-products. This research highlights the use of one of the simple and easy methods-Effective Microorganism (EM) Technology. Here, microorganisms from natural sources are used to convert different types of wood residues from a large wood industrial complex into a reusab...

BIOCONVERSION OF INDUSTRIAL WOOD WASTES INTO VERMICOMPOST BY UTILIZING AFRICAN NIGHT CRAWLERS (EUDRILUS EUGENIAE)

Large amounts of lignocellulosic waste are generated through forestry and agricultural practices, paper-pulp industries, timber industries, and many agro industries. They pose an environmental pollution problem. One of the most economically viable processes for the conversion of lignocellulosic wastes into useful products is the use of earthworms. This process by which earthworms are used to convert organic materials is known as vermicomposting. In the present study, vermibeds ...

A Feasibility Study on Composite Bricks from Sawdust and Boiler Ash Using Cement as A Binder

The present study was carried out with an objective to analyse the feasibility of composite production using sawdust, boiler ash and cement as raw materials. The study investigated various combinations of sawdust, boiler ash and cement as the raw materials for composite brick production. A total of 24 bricks were made on volume ratio basis of sawdust to cement (1:3 and 1:2), boiler ash to cement (1:3 and 1:2) and sawdust, boiler ash to cement(1:1:1 and 1:1:2...

Effect of vermicompost produced from industrial wood waste on vegetables under field conditions

To promote the organic cultivation of vegetable crops the department of agriculture and government of Kerala have been supporting several large and small scale schemes in varying localities in the state. In 2014 the department financially supported The Western India plywoods Ltd under this scheme for an organic vegetable cultivation programme. As part of this scheme studies were undertaken to assess the impact of vermicompost produced from wood waste on growth enhancement ...

Deproteinized leaf juice-A novel medium for rhizogenesis in vitro

This short note is the first report on the use of Deproteinized leaf juice(DPJ) as a component of plant tissue culture medium. DPJ is the fraction of the juice extracted from crops that remains after the precipitation of Leaf Protein Concentrate(LPC). It is rich in non-protein nitrogen, total carbohydrates and some unidentified growth factors. In one of our experiments the shoot tips of cowpea and greenpea cultured on a minimal medium with DPJ, showed in vitro rooting from the cut portions in...

Softboard as a Novel Wood Fibre-Based Substrate for Hydroponic Systems - A Preliminary Study

Hydroponics or the soilless cultivation is a popular and fast growing sector of agriculture and it has many advantages over soil-based system. It offers opportunities to provide optimal conditions for plant growth and therefore higher yields can be obtained compared to open field cultivation. In the aggregate system of hydroponics, different substrates are currently being used as support to the root system of plants under soilless cultivation. Substrates can be organic such as peat, pine bark...

Preliminary Report on Multiple Harvests of Microgreens from Chickpea (Cicer arietinum) Seeds

Microgreens are edible baby plants with huge potential for leafy vegetable production and many consider this plant-based functional food as the new “Superfood”. Microgreens have many advantages over sprouts and they help to improve the nutritional value of our diet, with their high content of healthy compounds. During the microgreen cultivation, seeding is usually done as a broadcast or in rows and as the seeding density is difficult to recommend, most growers prefer to seed as thickly as...

OCCURRENCE OF MISTLETOE (LORANTHUS SPP.) INFESTATION ON GARDEN CROTON (CODIAEUM VARIEGATUM) AND OTHER HOST TREES

 Mistletoes (Loranthus spp.) are one of the major groups of plant parasites, which are found in a wide range of vegetative zones in India. They cause great economic loss to our fruit and timber trees, when compared to any other member of the parasitic family of flowering plants. Some of the well known effects of plant parasites on the host trees are reduction of overall growth rate and vigour, low fruit and seed production; slow drying of branches; predisposition to other pests and disea...

Micropropagation of Paulownia fortuneii through in vitro axillary proliferation

Primary cultures were established with nodal segments from juvenile shoots of two-year old Paulownia fortuneii trees from a clonal plantation in Andhra Pradesh.A medium containing half-strength MS salts plus BAP(1 mgL) plus sucrose (2%) produced optimum bud break in the nodal explants


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