Agriculture

Research Papers/Topics in Agriculture

Juvenile Morphological Markers for Maleness in Fluted Pumpkin (Telfairia Occidentalis Hook F.)

ABSTRACT  Six hundred seeds extracted from nine pods of fluted pumpkin (Telfairia occidentalis Hook F.) were sown in the field in 2004 and 2005 to determine the juvenile morphological markers for maleness. The results showed a significant difference (P < 0.05) between the male and female fluted pumpkin with respect to days to tendril emergence. The mean number of days to tendril emergence for the males was 19 (in 2004) and 20 (in 2005) days after planting while that of the females was 47 (in...

Assessment of Plant Growth Regulators and Chemicals for Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) Dormancy Breaking and Subsequent Yield in Central Highlands of Ethiopia

The production of potato in two or more cycles within a year is increasing in the country and it is a common practice in most potato producing regions of Ethiopia. However, the characteristic long tuber dormancy of improved potato varieties in Ethiopia constrains double or triple cropping using irrigation during the long dry season of the year. Thus, it is important to break the long dormancy of tubers for early sprouting and timely planting. Therefore, several types of researches were conduc...

Price Fluctuation and Market Integration of Selected Cereal in North-Eastern Nigeria, 2001-2010

ABSTRACT Prices contain information crucial to maximizing the returns to production and marketing investments. At planting time, a farmer's planting decision depends on expected profits, which invariably hinge on the anticipated prices of the crop or mix of crops that would prevail in the market at the time of sale and on the farmer's interpretation of those prices. A trader, in search of profitable arbitrage, reads and translates price signals in deciding on what crops to buy, where to buy,...

Mobility of Heavy Metals from the University of Nigeria Sewage-Sludge Disposal Site to the Surrounding Soils and Plants

ABSTRACT This study was carried out at the University of Nigeria, Nsukka sewage disposable site. The study was to quantify the mineral contents of sewage sludge and assess their mobility in the soil and plants around UNN disposal site. The experimental layout was a 4x3 factorial in RCBD in which distance from the sewage disposal site and soil depth were the two factors under consideration. The distances from sewage pond were 0 (edge), 100, 300 and 2000 m away from the sewage pond with 2000 m...

Pattern of Genetic Variability in Nsukka Yellow Pepper (Capsicum Annuum L.) Genotypes

ABSTRACT  Nsukka yellow pepper genotypes were evaluated in 2009 and 2010 planting seasons to determine the pattern of genetic variability in its population. The initial collection comprising eighteen genotypes were assembled from the local farmers and evaluated in 2009 planting season. Forty nine promising genotypes were selected on individual plant basis and reevaluated in 2010 planting season. The results of the performance of the genotypes in both years showed that there was considerable ...

Performance of Broiler Chicks Fed graded levels of Moringa Oleifera Leaves in Finisher Diet

Abstract: This study was conducted to investigate the effect of added graded levels of Moringa Oleifera Leaf (MOL), as a protein source in poultry diets .90 one-day-old commercial broiler chicks (Ariorikdt) were used . They are reared in open shade house for 28 days and fed the starter diet. At the finisher period chicks were distributed randomly in to 3 group according to similar live body weight. Three experimental ϐinisher diets contain graded level of MOL (0% 8% and 10% ) were formulate...

Studies on Aspects of Reproductive Biology and Pod Yield in Bambara Groundnut (Vigna Subterrenea (L.) Verdc)

ABSTRACT Two field experiments were conducted in April and August, 2007 cropping season at the Department of Crop Science research farm, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, to evaluate the pollen germination potentials, rate of pollen tube growth, floral, agronomic and yield attributes of thirteen bambara groundnut cultivars. The first experiment (early planting) was in April and the second (late planting) was in August 2007. The results obtained showed that 10 genotypes had significant effect on...

Management of Fungal Diseases Associated with Germination and Growth of Moringa Oleifera Lamarck with Botanicals

ABSTRACT  Studies were carried out at the Department of Crop science, University of Nigeria Nsukka (UNN) to evaluate botanicals control of diseases associated with growth and germination of Moringa seeds. Five accessions of Moringa seeds collected from Imo, Enugu, Kogi, Plateau and Kaduna states of Nigeria were used. The following experiments were carried out: seed viability test, isolation of fungal pathogens, determination of phytochemicals, in vitro control of the pathogens with six botan...

Effects of Capital Structure of Small and Medium Scale Agro-Enterprises on Access to Microfinance Banks Credit in Enugu State, Nigeria

ABSTRACT The study evaluated the effects of capital structure of small and medium scale agro-enterprises on access to microfinance banks credit in Enugu state, Nigeria. A multistage sampling technique was used to select 120 agro-enterprise loan recipients from microfinance banks. The data collected were analysed using descriptive statistics, capital structure ratio analysis, multiple regression analysis, simple linear regression analysis and likert scale rating technique. The result showed t...

Phenotypic Characterization of West African Short Horn (WASH) Cattle and their Crosses in Tolon District

This study aimed at characterizing the WASH cattle and their crosses reared semi-intensively in the Tolon District of Northern Ghana.  The age, colour and twelve (12) different biometric traits were measured on 125 cattle and subjected to Chi- square and principal component factor analysis.  WASH cattle were characterized by five different colour patterns; black, white, brown, fawn and black and white. The paired coloured pattern (black and white) was the most observed among the cattle.  G...

Heavy Metals Content In Soils In The Vicinity of Refuse Dumpsites In Calabar South, LGA

 ABSTRACT This study was done to evaluate the risk of heavy metals pollution of soils within the vicinities of refuse dumpsites in Calabar south, LGA. Soil samples were collected from a depth of 0-20cm with the use of a soil auger from ten (10) dumpsites using the stratified sampling method.  The samples were well labelled in polythene bags and transported to the laboratory where it was air-dried and subjected to physico-chemical analysis. Heavy  metals such as lead (Pb), cadmium (Cd), c...

Gender and Resource Use Efficiency in Cocoyam Production in Anambra State, Nigeria.

Abstract  The study was carried out to investigate the gender and resource use efficiency in cocoyam production in Anambra State, Nigeria. The study presents the results of analysis of data collected on 160 male and female cocoyam farmers across two Agricultural zones in the state. A multi-stage random sampling technique was used to select the zones. Descriptive statistics such as percentages, frequencies, means and tables were used in analyzing farmer’s socio-economic characteristics and ...

Effect of Composted Municipal Solid Waste and Npk Fertilizer on the Growth and Yield of Maize (Zea Mays L) in Nsukka

ABSTRACT Municipalities are facing a growing problem of how to safely dispose off their wastes. Municipal solid waste (MSW) is waste from households, commercial centres, and institutions (school, offices). Composting is used to reduce huge pile of biodegradable MSW and convert it into value-added product like manure and biogas. Inorganic fertilizer such as NPK also exerts strong influence on plant growth, development and yield. Two-year experiments were conducted in the Teaching and Research...

Planting Time, Spray Regime, Disease Expression and their Impacts on Six Cucumber Lines in a Derived Savanna Agroecology of Nsukka, Southeastern Nigeria.

ABSTRACT  Cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) belongs to the Cucurbitaceae family. It is a major vegetable crop worldwide and develops rapidly, with a shorter time from planting to harvest than most crops. It is a monoecious annual climber or creeper that has been cultivated for over 3,000 years and is still widely cultivated today. The fruit is soft, succulent with high water content, roughly cylindrical and elongated with tapered ends. The plant shades one another, being allowed to creep on the ...

Genetic Parameters of Growth and Reproduction in the West African Dwarf Goats Reared in the Humid Tropics

Abstract  Twenty-five intensively managed mature West African Dwarf goats were used for the experiment comprising 20 Does (dams) and 5 bucks (sires). The goats were classified into 5 mating pens of 4 Does (dams) and one buck (sire) randomly assigned per pen. Fresh water and forage were provided ad libitum in addition to 1kg concentrates Cajanus cajan to each animal per day. Data were collected on weights at birth and weaning; litter size and linear body measurements. Body weight gain was cal...


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