Agriculture

Research Papers/Topics in Agriculture

Comparative Study of the Biochemical Properties of the Fruits of Wild (Lycopersicon pimpinellifolium Jusl. (Mill.)) and the Cultivated (L. esculentum Mill.) Tomato Cultivars in Nigeria

AbstractThe fruits of three cultivars of the cultivated tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) and the wild species (L. pimpinellifolium) were analysed and compared for their biochemical properties.  Ripe fruits at the orange-red stage were used for all the analyses. Both the cultivated and the wild tomato species showed high moisture contents.  The wild tomato cultivar had a higher crude protein content and quantitatively represents the better source of protein intake when compared ...

OIL PRICE VOLATILITY AND INFLATION LEVEL IN NIGERIA: AN EXPONENTIAL GARCH APPROACH

AbstractOver the years, expenditures of public and private sectors are regulated by the activities in the oil and gas industry. The budget of Nigeria is hinged on the international price of crude oil and any shock on oil price affects the general activities in the country. With quarterly data from the period of 1981Q1 to 2020Q2, the study uses an exponential generalized autoregressive conditional heteroscedasticity approach to examine oil price volatility and inflation level in Nigeria....

Economic Analysis of Pig Production in Biase Local Government Area of Cross River State, Nigeria

IntroductionAgriculture is a crucial sector that provides employment opportunities for majority of Nigerian, and is responsible for more than one-third of the total Gross Domestic Product (GDP), FAO (2012); Adetunji and Adeyemo, (2012) and Finlutell, 2013). The livestock sector is also crucial to the national economics development as it is themain supplier of the highly essential animal protein (Timidayo 2017, Ogbu, 2010).The livestock sector is also crucial to the national economics developm...

Analysis Of The Impact Of Physical And Social Capital Asset Holdings On Poverty Among Farm Households In Nigeria

ABSTRACTThe study was conducted to analyze the impact of physical and social capital asset holdings on poverty among farm households in Nigeria as a contribution towards finding a panacea to the poverty plague in the agricultural sector. The study used secondary data obtained from the Nigeria living Standard Survey data conducted in 2003/2004. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Forster-Greer- Thorbeck poverty measures and Propensity score matching. Results showed that 90% of the...

Have Actions Taken to Control Fall ArmyWorm Reduced the Economic Cost Experienced in Ghana?

SummaryThe rapid spread of the invasive crop pest, the fall armyworm (Spodoptera frugiperda), across Africa in recent years has attracted considerable interest, especially the effect on maize farmers. The purpose of this study is to understand and assess the economic costs of the fall armyworm invasion in Ghana under different control scenarios.  Three different scenarios are modelled: one with no farmer applied control measures, one with limited control measures and one with proactive c...

The Effects of Soil Degradation to Sustainable Agriculture in Chongwe District, Zambia

ABSTRACTThe aim of this study was to investigate the effects of land degradation on agricultural land use, planning and management in chongwe, Zambia and specifically determined farmers’ considerations of land suitability for selected types of agricultural land uses in varying cropping zones, investigated farmers’ local environmental knowledge of land degradation indicators and finally documented farmers’ land management strategies and practices for soil and sustainable Agricultur...

PATHOGENICITY OF Meloidogyne incognita AND Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici ON GROWTH, YIELD AND WILT SEVERITY IN TWO VARIETIES OF TOMATO (Solanum lycopersicum L.) IN GHANA

ABSTRACT The pathogenicity of fungus, Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici and nematode, Meloidogyne incognita on growth, yield and wilt severity was studied on two tomato varieties, Mongal F1 and Petomech in a randomized complete block design, factorial experiment with three replications on the University of Ghana and National service farms from July 2018 to June 2019. Each plot had an area of 10 m2 with 25 plants. Fusarium inoculum of 1.3×106 cells per 5 mL was inoculated on fie...

Studies On The Utilization Of Urea- Ammoniated Straw And Urea-Molasses Block Supplement As Dry Season Feed Stuffs By Siieep In Ghana

ABSTRACTThree experiments were undertaken to evaluate the nutritive value of urea ammoniated rice straw and urea-molasses block supplement for dry season feeding to sheep.Experiment One compared the feeding value of untreated straw (US), ammoniated straw (AS) and urea-molasses block supplemented straw (UMBS). Three fistulated and three "intact" sheep were assigned to a two 3 x 3 Latin Square designed.Parameters investigated include dry matter intake, lightweight changes and nutrient dig...

Modern Electronics For Agriculture

ABSTRACTThe field of electronics continues to change and evolve rapidly. Electronics are increasingly being used to collect and process all types of data, transfer information, make decisions, and provide automation and control functions. Modern microcontrollers and semiconductor components offer many advantages and ease of use in designing custom measurement and control systems. An array of microcontrollers, sensors, and accessory components are presented and their features, capabilitie...

Computer Applications in Agricultural Research

IntroductionAgriculture  Research  have  benefited  from  incorporation  of technological  advances  primarily  developed  for  other  industries.  The  industrial age brought mechanization and synthesized fertilizers to agriculture. The technology age offered genetic engineering and automation. The information age brings the potential for  integrating  the  technological  and  industrial ...

NUTRITIONAL ASSESSMENT OF Pennisetum purpureum schumach AS INFLUENCED BY MANURE APPLICATION AND AGE AT HARVEST

ABSTRACTThe present study evaluated the acceptability of Pennisetum purpureum by WAD sheep as influenced by manure application. Eighteen West African Dwarf (WAD) rams aged 12 and 13 months old with weights ranging between 10-15kg were used for the study and they were tagged for easy identification. There were six (6) treatment groups of three animals each. The animals were dewormed and dipped to destroy both internal and external parasites before the experiment. The pens were disinfecte...

Effects Of Broodstock Sex Pairing Ratios And Resting Periods Of The Nile Tilapia Oreochromis Niloticus (Linnaeus, 1758) On Fry Production

ABSTRACT The Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus (Linnaeus, 1758) forms about 80% of farmed fish in Ghana. However, the unavailability of its seed all year round for culture is a major constraint. This study evaluated the effects of varying male to female broodstock pairing ratios of 1:1, 1:2 and 1:3 with resting intervals of 0, 3 and 7 days on fry production performance of the Akosombo strain of the Nile tilapia at the Ashaiman Aquaculture Demonstration Centre, Ghana. Nine (9) trea...

Credit Use And Its Effect On Profitability Among Smallholder Maize Farmers In The Brong Ahafo Region Of Ghana

ABSTRACT The study assesses credit use and its effect on profitability among smallholder maize farmers in the Brong Ahafo Region. A multistage sampling technique involving purposive sampling, stratified sampling and simple random sampling technique were employed to select the region,  two municipalities from the region and  200 smallholder maize farmers respectively for the survey using well-structured questionnaires. The study took into consideration a description of the...

Effect Of Nucleus Farmer-Outgrower Schemes On Input Use Efficiency And Profitability Among Smallholder Farmers In The Northern Region Of Ghana

ABSTRACT  The study assesses the effect of nucleus farmer-outgrower schemes on input use efficiency and profitability among smallholder farmers in the Northern Region of Ghana. Simple random sampling technique was employed to sample three districts from the Northern Region and a total of 330 smallholder farmers made up of 150 outgrowers and 180 non-outgrowers were interviewed using structured questionnaires. A comparative analysis is made between outgrowers and non-outgrowers. ...

A Comparison of the Growth of the Nile Tilapia (Oreochromis Niloticus, Linnaeus, 1758) Fingerlings Fed with Blue Crown® And Skretting® Commercial Feeds

ABSTRACTA comparison of the growth of the Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus)fingerlings fed with Blue crown® and Skretting® commercial feeds was studiedfor a period of 8 weeks. A total of sixty fingerlings of Oreochromis niloticuswere used. The treatments showed significant difference (p0.05)between   the   two   feeds.  Some   water   quality   parameters   assessed   during   theexperiment indicated that only the dissolved oxygen was significantly differentbetween the two treatments (p


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