Agriculture

Research Papers/Topics in Agriculture

The Experiences and Coping Strategies of Rural Women in Riverside, Zimbabwe with Regard to Water Scarcity

AbstractWater scarcity is a slow – onset disaster that does not usually obtain rapid humanitarian intervention, and the group mostly affected is women. This dissertation focuses on experiences and coping strategies of rural women with regards to water scarcity. The main focus is on exploring the impact of water scarcity on rural women and determining the significance the of progression of vulnerability model, progression of safety model and risk reduction objectives...

Evaluation of Cheese Quality Using Graded Level of Different Plant Extracts as Milk Coagulant

ABSTRACTCheese was prepared in a small scale at the Department of Agricultural technology Laboratory Kwara State polytechnic Ilorin, Kwara State and analysis of some parameter was carried out on evaluation of cheese quality using graded levels of different plant extracts as coagulant such as C.procera, C.papaya and lime fruit juice. The Parameters analyzed for were, Weight of the cheese, Colour of the cheese, pH of the whey, Time of coagulation, Texture of the cheese Taste of the chees...

Economic Importance of Irish Potato

CHAPTER ONE1.0     INTRODUCTION          Irish potato is also known as (solanum tubersum L) among crops Irish potato contribute significantly to economic development in Nigeria. It is now grown extensively throughout the world and it one of the important agricultural crops, world production reached a record of 320 million tones in 2007 and production in the developing countries has almost doubled since 1991, with a corres...

DEVELOPMENT OF SOLAR POWERED POULTRY EGG INCUBATOR

ABSTRACT: Chick production from developing embryo is a profitable business in Nigeria due to the high demand of protein. The constant failure of electricity supply in Nigeria obstructs operation of incubator and reduce its performance. This study developed solar powered poultry egg incubator. The dimension of the designed incubator was 610mm×607mm×1649mm with capacity of 150eggs. From the design calculation the sizes of the solar panel, charge controller, batteries ...

Soil Porosity and Water Infiltration as Influenced by Tillage Practices on Federal University of Agriculture Abeokuta, Ogun State, Nigeria Soil

 AbstractThe relations between soil pore structure induced by tillage and infiltration play an important role in flow characteristics of water and solutes in soil. The effects of agricultural management practices on soil physical parameters aid the effective sustainability of soils. In this study, three tillage methods common to the study area on porosity and water infiltration were assessed. Tillage treatments include zero tillage (Plot covered with vegetation (conservation tillage))...

Pre- and Postharvest Factors Affecting Quality and Safety of Pepper (Piper nigrum L.)

AbstractThe quality and safety of pepper (Piper nigrum L.) are a function of crop management practices, harvest maturity, harvesting methods and subsequent handling after harvest, including storage conditions and processing methods. The review shows that volatile oil decreases with shade intensity (15–30%). Essential oil, oleoresin, piperine and monoterpenes (thujene, α-pinene, sabinene, limonene, α-phellandrene and linalool) increase with altitude, while β-caryophyllene and total p...

Potentials of Spices Diet-Derived Polyphenols in Modulating the Self- Renewal of Stem Cells

AbstractOver many centuries, spices have been and are globally utilized in foods and drinks, as well as in pharmaceuticals industries. Spices are rich in health-beneficial chemical constituents that include diet- derived polyphenols, terpenes, polysaccharides, lipids, organic acids, and raw fibres. Stem cells can self- renew and differentiate into major cell types. However, malignant stem cells can invade and kill nearby tissue as well as spread to other body parts through the ...

Morphological Characterization and Yield of Pepper (Piper nigrum L.) Types Grown in Morogoro District, Tanzania

AbstractBackground: Pepper (Piper nigrum L.) is among key spice crops grown in Morogoro district of Tanzania. Most of the pepper types grown in the district are only known by their local names as Babu kubwa, Babu ndogo, Babu kati and Ismailia. This may limit information on germplasm collection or genetic resource for plant improvement and trade in markets with variety specifications. The aim of this study was to generate preliminary information of the pepper types based on...

Establishment of the Causal Agent(s) of Spike Shedding and Stem Wilting of Pepper (Piper nigrum L.) in Morogoro District, Tanzania

Pepper (Piper nigrum L.) serves as a source of income to smallholder spice farmers in Morogoro district of Tanzania. Recently, spike shedding and stem wilting of pepper plants were reported to cause about 30% yield loss of the crop. 'is study was undertaken to identify the causal agent(s) of the problems. 'ree pepper gardens in each of the four hamlets (Nyange, Doga, Tandai, and Lukenge) in Tandai village (Kinole ward) were surveyed, and plant tissue and soil samples were colle...

Extent of Spike Shedding and Stem Wilting of Pepper (Piper nigrum L.) in Morogoro District, Tanzania

AbstractBackground: Pepper (Piper nigrum L.) is an important spice produced by small-scale farmers in Morogoro district of Tanzania for both local and export markets. Recently, farmers have reported a decline in crop productivity due to spike shedding and stem wilting of pepper plants. The study was conducted to obtain baseline information on the extent of the disorders.Methods: An altitudinal transect survey was conducted in Morogoro district from October to November 2018. Data were coll...

FWM 306: Introduction to Forestry and Wildlife Extension (Lecture Notes)

TABLE OF CONTENTSForestry extension in the world .............................................................................................1Forestry extension in Nigeria ................................................................................................2The institutional setting of forestry extension......................................................................7Importance of rural communities ................................................................................

A Review Of Opportunities And Challenges In Conservation And Use Of Medicinal And Aromatic Plants in Nigeria.

Nature deposited in Nigeria several beneficial plant materials especially medicinal and aromatic plants (MAPs) for the treatment of ailments through herbal preparations, and for other culinary, traditional, medical and pharmaceutical uses. Preparation of natural medicine and production of herbal remedies by use of MAPs have proved to be a great alternative to the substandard production, cost and inaccessibility of synthetic orthodox medicines to rural dwellers. Despite the opportunities, ther...

Malikwu Integrated Agro Services Business Plan for 150 Fattened Pigs

Here is a Business Plan on Pig Fattening. The aim of the project is to raise 150 weaned piglets from 8 to 10 weeks of age to 16 to 18 weeks. The animals will be raised on one type of house and be sold after attaining a live weight of 25kg, with an average carcass weight of 20kg.Table of Contents Introduction  ProductMarketManagement Team Financial Plan Objective Keys to Success Chart: Highlights  2.0 COMPANY SUMMARY 2.1 Company Ownership 2.2 Set-up Summary 3.0 PRODUCTS 4.0 MARKET...

Hamda Dynamic Solution Business Plan for 6,000 broilers

Here is a Business plan/proposal for 6,000 broilers. It was a prepared for HAMDA DYNAMIC SOLUTION, an Agribusiness centered on production of 6 weeks broiler chickens to be distributed to Off-takers who would later process this to frozen chicken to be sold to the end users. TABLE OF CONTENTIntroduction Product Market Management Team 1Financial Plan Objective Keys to Success Chart: Highlights 2.0 COMPANY SUMMARY 2.1 Company Ownership 2.2 Set-up Summary 3.0 PRODUCTS4.0 MARKET SUMMARY 4.1 Marke...

Hepzagon Farm Business Plan for Maize Production

Here is a Project on Maize production. The project was centered on two aspects, Dry Maize Production and Wet Maize Production. Table of Contents Introduction Product Market  Management Team  Financial PlanObjectivesKeys to SuccessChart: Highlights2.0 COMPANY SUMMARY  2.1 Company Ownership  2.2 Start-up Summary3.0 PRODUCTS  4.0 MARKET SUMMARY 4.1 Market Segmentation  4.2 Target Market Segment Strategy 4.4 Competition and Buying Patterns 5.0 STRATEGY AND IMPLEMENTATION SUMMARY  5....


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