Agriculture

Research Papers/Topics in Agriculture

Role of Agricultural Credit in Improving the Livelihood of Farming Households: The case of Oromia Credit Saving and Share Company in Gomma Woreda, Jimma zone, Oromia Regional State

ABSTRACT Agricultural credit is a practice of receiving loan with interest rates which is used to increase agricultural production. Agricultural credit now a day’s becomes a serious agenda in economic activities across the globe and it is one of the contributing factors for economic development; especially in the third world countries. It is a mechanism through which the interaction between supply and demand can be maintained in the society. This study is aimed to assess the role of Agricul...

Pollen Analysis of Honey Bought from Sokoto Metropolis

ABSTRACT Microscopic  examination  of  pollen  grains  determined  the  botanical  origin  and  geographical  location  of  honey.  This study  was  aimed at  determining  the  botanical  sources  of  honey using  qualitative  and  quantitative  pollen  analysis.  Ten grams  (10g)  of  honey  was  diluted  with  8ml&nbsp...

Reducing Food Loss and Waste:The Surest Path to Sustainable Agriculture and Food Security.

The article discusses the challenges in the food supply chain systems. It distinguishes between food loss and waste, identify the causes of food loss and waste and suggests the solutions to minimize them. Finally, the article points to the SDG goals which sub-Saharan African Countries will stand to gain if they can effectively appraise these challenges.

Comparative Analysis of The Determinants of Commercialization Levels between Male and Female Arable Crop Farmers in Iwo Local Government Area of Osun State, Nigeria.

The study aimed to analyze the socio economic determinants of the level of commercialization between male and female crop farmers in Iwo local government area of Osun state.A field survey consisting of 85 farmers were the registered arable crop farmers as other farmers specialized into other types of farming in the study area.The result of the commercialization index revealed cassava as the most commercialized crop by both farmers. Also, farming households were categorized into quintiles with...

Sustainable Means of Combating Mycotoxins in Grains Used for Livestock

BACKGROUND OF THE STUDYAll microorganisms are ubiquitous in nature and their interactions with plants, and animals and humans has been recognized for centuries. Some of these interactions are beneficial to the host as in the case of biotransformation such as fermentation and the production of antibiotics. Penicillin, which is one the most famous antibiotics drugs in the world, derived from a common fungus known as Penicillium and it is used to control disease in human and animal populations...

Use of Artificial Intelligence in Agriculture

AbstractThis review paper took a cursory look at the important role and benefits of artificial intelligence in agriculture. The paper identified and enumerated the two major components of AI as: (1) Growth is driven by cognitive intelligence and (2) Image-based insights generation. In the use of cognitive intelligence AI makes use of proximity sensing and remote sensing while in imagebased insights generation. AI uses in depth field analysis and scanning of fields using Cognitive Vision Techn...

Fish Pond Construction and Management

INTRODUCTIONAquaculture is one of the fastest growing food producing sectors in Agriculture and fish is among the most traded food commodities world-wide accounting for 17 per cent of global intake of animal protein (Food and Agricultural Organization, 2014).  Fish is an aquatic and a source of high-quality animal protein that could be harvested from capture or culture fishery (Olele et al., 2008). Fisheries expert needs a medium where they can culture fish in a confined and contr...

Land Use Planning

INTRODUCTIONThe beauty of agriculture is that every waste product from a sector can be recycled and used for the benefit of another sector, thereby leading to profit maximization and cost minimization. This can also be applicable in fisheries where aquaculture; which is the rearing or farming of economically important aquatic plants and animal in a confined environment is combined with any other form of agriculture like crop science, animal science, soil science amongst others which are...

Aquatic ecological survey

AQUATIC ECOLOGICAL  SURVEY             INTRODUCTION An aquatic ecological survey can be referred to as the backbone of Fisheries, and the process of planning can be referred to as a survey, according to a popular saying “he who fails to plan, plan to fail”. The aquatic ecological survey deals with proper planning in both capture and culture fisheries; planning (survey) in capture fisheries involve the use of a sophisticated instrument to check the aquatic res...

Effects of Climate Change on Cowpea Production among Small Scale Farmers in Katagum Local Government Area of Bauchi State, Nigeria

ABSTRACT This work evaluates the effects of climate change on cowpea production among small-scale farmers in this regard Katagum Local Government Area of Bauchi state, Nigeria. The study had (4) research objectives and (4) research questions raised from the objectives. Multi-stage sampling technique was used to select respondents from the study area using five (5) districts as sample size; Madara, Buskuri, Madangala, Azare, Bulkachuwa. The method used in the collection of the data was questio...

The Application of Principal Component Analysis (PCA) in Cassava Production In Abia State, Nigeria

Cassava (Manihot esculenta crantz) is a root crop cultivated and consumed as a staple food in most developing world. This research examined the application of principal component analysis (PCA) in Cassava Production In Abia State, Nigeria. PCA is a statistical instrument able to identify the variables explaining most variation within a sample. A multi stage random sampling was used for the purpose of the study. The PCA employed in the analysis have substantially reduced the set of 19 socio-ec...

Effect of White Ginger Root (mondia whitei) On Haematological Indices and Serum Biochemistry of Starter Broiler Chickens

This study focused on determining the effect of white ginger root (Mondia whitei) on haematological indices and serum biochemistry of starter broiler chickens. A 28-day feeding trial was conducted using a total of One hundred and fifty Arbor Acre broiler chicken. The birds were divided into five dietary groups with three replicates of ten birds. The dietary groups were control (basal diet), Mondia whitei meal (MWM) + basal diet at graded levels of 1g/kg, 1.5g/kg, 2.0g/kg and 2.5g/k...

Survey on Natural Occurence of Endophytes in Maize (Zea Mays) Ecosystem

The publication is about an innovative method of crop protection by encouraging natural microbial potency in mitigating the problem in one hand and in other hand lees reliance on harmful chemicals. The publication has an overview of this new technology and methods to achieve in the lab as well as in field condition.   The publication would be a piece of good backup information if any researcher of plant protection is aiming to work in this direction. 

Ecological implications of environmental contaminants on biodiversity and ecosystem services: The Nigerian Experience

This paper reviews the implications of environmental contamination on Nigerian biodiversity and ecosystem services aimed at identifying the causes, effects and remediation strategies. Literatures on concept of environmental contamination, biodiversity and ecosystem services were discussed. Environmental contaminants are known to be naturally occurring compounds, but anthropogenic activities introduce them in large quantities in different environmental compartments. This leads to the environme...

Environmental Influences on Animal Growth, Welfare And Reproduction

The environment plays a major role in the profitability of any livestock enterprise. Therefore, understanding how each environmental factor affects the growth, welfare and reproduction of animals is very important. When the influence that each environmental factor has on the growth, welfare and reproduction is known, the livestock producer can provide solutions that will mitigate the negative effects of these environmental factors on his livestock. The positive influence of any environmental ...


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