Agriculture

Research Papers/Topics in Agriculture

Food Security; Improving Food Security and Livelihoods

Abstract:Food security, as defined by the United Nations' Committee on World Food Security, means that all people, at all times, have physical, social, and economic access to sufficient, safe, and nutritious food that meets their food preferences and dietary needs for an active and healthy life.Food security exists when “all people, at all times have physical and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food that meets their dietary needs and food preferences for an...

EVALUATION OF EFFECTIVE MICROORGANISMS TECHNOLOGY IN INDUSTRIAL WOOD WASTE MANAGEMENT

The huge quantity of waste generated from industries pose a major problem of proper and adequate treatment. Many methods have been discovered for proper waste management so as to convert waste into reusable by-products. This research highlights the use of one of the simple and easy methods-Effective Microorganism (EM) Technology. Here, microorganisms from natural sources are used to convert different types of wood residues from a large wood industrial complex into a reusab...

BIOCONVERSION OF INDUSTRIAL WOOD WASTES INTO VERMICOMPOST BY UTILIZING AFRICAN NIGHT CRAWLERS (EUDRILUS EUGENIAE)

Large amounts of lignocellulosic waste are generated through forestry and agricultural practices, paper-pulp industries, timber industries, and many agro industries. They pose an environmental pollution problem. One of the most economically viable processes for the conversion of lignocellulosic wastes into useful products is the use of earthworms. This process by which earthworms are used to convert organic materials is known as vermicomposting. In the present study, vermibeds ...

A Feasibility Study on Composite Bricks from Sawdust and Boiler Ash Using Cement as A Binder

The present study was carried out with an objective to analyse the feasibility of composite production using sawdust, boiler ash and cement as raw materials. The study investigated various combinations of sawdust, boiler ash and cement as the raw materials for composite brick production. A total of 24 bricks were made on volume ratio basis of sawdust to cement (1:3 and 1:2), boiler ash to cement (1:3 and 1:2) and sawdust, boiler ash to cement(1:1:1 and 1:1:2...

Effect of vermicompost produced from industrial wood waste on vegetables under field conditions

To promote the organic cultivation of vegetable crops the department of agriculture and government of Kerala have been supporting several large and small scale schemes in varying localities in the state. In 2014 the department financially supported The Western India plywoods Ltd under this scheme for an organic vegetable cultivation programme. As part of this scheme studies were undertaken to assess the impact of vermicompost produced from wood waste on growth enhancement ...

Deproteinized leaf juice-A novel medium for rhizogenesis in vitro

This short note is the first report on the use of Deproteinized leaf juice(DPJ) as a component of plant tissue culture medium. DPJ is the fraction of the juice extracted from crops that remains after the precipitation of Leaf Protein Concentrate(LPC). It is rich in non-protein nitrogen, total carbohydrates and some unidentified growth factors. In one of our experiments the shoot tips of cowpea and greenpea cultured on a minimal medium with DPJ, showed in vitro rooting from the cut portions in...

Softboard as a Novel Wood Fibre-Based Substrate for Hydroponic Systems - A Preliminary Study

Hydroponics or the soilless cultivation is a popular and fast growing sector of agriculture and it has many advantages over soil-based system. It offers opportunities to provide optimal conditions for plant growth and therefore higher yields can be obtained compared to open field cultivation. In the aggregate system of hydroponics, different substrates are currently being used as support to the root system of plants under soilless cultivation. Substrates can be organic such as peat, pine bark...

Preliminary Report on Multiple Harvests of Microgreens from Chickpea (Cicer arietinum) Seeds

Microgreens are edible baby plants with huge potential for leafy vegetable production and many consider this plant-based functional food as the new “Superfood”. Microgreens have many advantages over sprouts and they help to improve the nutritional value of our diet, with their high content of healthy compounds. During the microgreen cultivation, seeding is usually done as a broadcast or in rows and as the seeding density is difficult to recommend, most growers prefer to seed as thickly as...

OCCURRENCE OF MISTLETOE (LORANTHUS SPP.) INFESTATION ON GARDEN CROTON (CODIAEUM VARIEGATUM) AND OTHER HOST TREES

 Mistletoes (Loranthus spp.) are one of the major groups of plant parasites, which are found in a wide range of vegetative zones in India. They cause great economic loss to our fruit and timber trees, when compared to any other member of the parasitic family of flowering plants. Some of the well known effects of plant parasites on the host trees are reduction of overall growth rate and vigour, low fruit and seed production; slow drying of branches; predisposition to other pests and disea...

Micropropagation of Paulownia fortuneii through in vitro axillary proliferation

Primary cultures were established with nodal segments from juvenile shoots of two-year old Paulownia fortuneii trees from a clonal plantation in Andhra Pradesh.A medium containing half-strength MS salts plus BAP(1 mgL) plus sucrose (2%) produced optimum bud break in the nodal explants

PRESENT STATUS AND CHALLENGES OF WOOD SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY EDUCATION IN INDIA

 This article summarizes the present status and challenges of academic programmes in the field of Wood Science and Technology (WST) in Indian universities and other institutions, with special emphasis to post graduate education. Though the WST education has been running since several decades in India, there is very slow improvement in terms of the number of institutions offering this programme, when compared to many other professional courses. Now there are only 8 institutions in the cou...

Impact Of Agricultural Development On Economic Growth In Nigeria (1980-2016)

ABSTRACTIn recent decades, the main and potential contribution of agriculture to economic growth has been a subject of much controversy among development economists. Assome contend that agricultural development is a pre—condition forindustrialization, others strongly object it and argue for a different path. Takingadvantage of ordinary least square method (OLS), the research carried out bymeans of secondary data and using the, independent variables. Real grossdomestic product (RGDP), Agricu...

Assessing the impact of thermal strains on Senior High School kitchen workers

Kitchen staffs by virtue of the kind of work that they undertake are exposed to a plethora of heat strains as well physiological stress. The purpose of this study was to assess the influence of thermal conditions on productivity of kitchen workers in senior high schools in Kwahu South Municipality. Forty (40) kitchen staff sampled using purposive sampling method for the study. The descriptive research design was employed with a questionnaire and observation checklist being the tools for ...

Assessment of Species Composition and Distribution of Snakes on Knust Campus

ABSTRACT Information on the species composition, distribution, ecology and abundance of snakes on KNUST campus lags behind as compared to other taxa such as small mammals, terrestrial and aquatic invertebrates, amphibians. This study presents a baseline report on snake species on selected sites that is Forest, Builtup environments and Farmlands in Kwame Nkrumah Univers ity of Science and Technology campus. Individuals were captured with the aid ...

Role of Agricultural Credit in Improving the Livelihood of Farming Households: The case of Oromia Credit Saving and Share Company in Gomma Woreda, Jimma zone, Oromia Regional State

ABSTRACT Agricultural credit is a practice of receiving loan with interest rates which is used to increase agricultural production. Agricultural credit now a day’s becomes a serious agenda in economic activities across the globe and it is one of the contributing factors for economic development; especially in the third world countries. It is a mechanism through which the interaction between supply and demand can be maintained in the society. This study is aimed to assess the role of Agricul...


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