Agriculture

Research Papers/Topics in Agriculture

The effects of fertilizers and mulberry (morus alba l. ) variety on cocoon and silk quality in Kenya

Abstract: The study was carried out in two sites already with existing mulberry trees comprising three varieties, Kanva , Noi (Thailand), and Embu (local variety). The main objective of the study was to determine the effect of soil fertility and better mulberry varieties (grown locally) on cocoon and silk quality. The study compared the growth and yield performance of the three mulberry varieties being used by farrriers in silkworm rearing. It also involved comparisons of silk production usi...

Potential of Entomopathogenic Fungi and in combination with Bacillus Thuringiensis for control of the Helicoverpa Armigera (Hubner) (Lepidoptera:Noctuidae) in Tomatoes

Abstract The susceptibility of third install larvae of Helicoverpa armigers to 7 strains of 3 entomopathogenic fungi (EPF) species ie Bueauveria bassiana, Metarhizium anisopliae (M.a) and Paecilomyces fumosoroseus (P.Fr) was tested under laboratory conditions. Three best performing strains in 3 species/strains ie B. Bassiana 124, M. Anisopliae 79 and P. Fumosoroseus 14 were selected to examine their effectiveness against different larval and pupal stages of H. armigera. Sublethal doses were d...

Effect of Pineapple (ananas comosus l. Merrill) and Papaya (carica papaya l.) Fruit Extracts on Sericin Removal from Silk Moths Cocoons in Kenya

Abstract: Sericulture (Silk farming) is the rearing of silk moths for the production of raw silk. Silk farming originated from China where it was secretly practiced for many years before spreading to other parts of the world. Silk moths are grouped into mulberry silk moths (domesticated) and wild silk moths. Silk moth cocoon has a double filament made of insoluble protein known as fibroin which is embedded in a water soluble protein called sericin. Prior to processing cocoons, are boiled in ...

Dietary supplementation of Solanum aethiopicum and Solanecio biafrae leaves alters stress and immune responses, antioxidant status, and meat quality in broilers raised in a hot-dry environmen

ABSTRACT  This study investigated the influence of dietary supplementation of Solanum aethiopicum and Solanecio biafrae leaves, which have nutraceutical properties, on stress response, cytokine expression, antioxidant status, blood chemistry, abdominal fat and meat quality in broilers reared in a hot, dry environment. 2. One day old, Ross 308 chicks (n = 350) were randomly allotted to basal diets containing either no supplement (D1); 2.5 g/kg Solanum aethiopicum leaf (SAL; D2); 5 g/kg SAL (D...

Analysis of the Determinants of Food and Nutrition Security in Nigeria (1981 - 2020).

Food security has become a national priority for the country considering that a vast majority of its 198.1 million population is food insecure. Food and nutrition insecurity is prevalent in Nigeria despite its favourable agroecological endowments. It has a total landmass of 92.4 million hectares, out of which only about 32 million hectares or 34.63 percent are under cultivation. Nigeria, therefore, lacks both the capacity and capability to cater for the food and nutrition requirements of its ...

Analysis of the Determinants of Food and Nutrition Security in Nigeria (1981 - 2020)

ABSTRACT Food  security  has  become  a  national  priority  for  the  country considering  that  a  vast  majority  of its  198.1  million  population  is  food  insecure.  Food  and  nutrition  insecurity  is  prevalent  in Nigeria  despite  its  favourable  agroecological  endowments.  It  has  a  total  landmass  of  92.4 million  hectares,  out  of  which  only about  32  million  hectares  or  34.63  percent  are  under cultivation.  ...

ASAMINEW EXTERNAL NEW new

ABSTRACT Assessment of forest diversity, perception of community towards forest and socioeconomic interaction is very important in order to maintain better forest management. This study was carried out to assess indigenous woody species diversity, socio-economic importance of the forests & drivers of degradation & deforestation in Tolitokal forest. Systematic sampling techniques were applied to collect vegetation data.  Six transect lines were laid along the gradient and a total of 30 plots ...

Mobile Applications Empowering Smallholder Farmers: A Review of the Impact on Agricultural Development

This research study examines the transformative role of mobile applications in empowering smallholder farmers through increased access to information, market linkages, financial inclusion, and improved resource management. The study explores how mobile apps have facilitated real-time access to relevant agricultural information, including weather updates, crop prices, best farming practices, and pest management techniques. The availability of reliable information enables farmers to make inform...

Influence of storage structure on tomato perishability

CHAPTER ONE 1.0  Introduction 1.1  Justification 1.2   1.2 Objectives of study CHAPTER TWO 2.0 LITERATURE REVIEW 2.1 Brief history of tomato cultivation 2.2 Botanical classification 2.3 Description 2.4 Varieties of tomato 2.5 TOMATO VARIETIES AND THEIR CHOICE OF USES 2.6 Fruit characteristics 2.7 Fruit colour 2.8 Fruit Texture 2.9 Postharvest Handling Practices for Tomatoes 2.10 Postharvest Treatment Techniques for Tomatoes 2.11 Postharvest Heat Treatment of Tomatoes 2.12 ...

Conversion of a Profile Description Sheet to an Open Data Kit (ODK)

The interest of using informatics tools for collecting information on agro-biodiversity is increasing, since they greatly facilitate the collection and sharing of data. Current practice which is primarily paper-based limits the scale and complexity of the services that can be provided and thus the impact of the intervention. Soil survey needs to be up to date, using a paper based survey can create problems thus the need to use ODK. Profile description sheet is a paper based survey form and wa...

Characterisation and Classification of Soils of Aregedif Watershed, Northwestern Ethiopia

ABSTRACT To determine the soil's primary potentials and constraints, soil characterization and pedological classification are crucial. However, much of Ethiopia’s documented soil information is scanty and inadequate relative to the large size of the country and the wide diversity of soils and landscapes. The aim of this work was to characterize and classify the morphological, physical, and chemical attributes of soils in Aregedif watershed, Northwestern Ethiopia. Samples were collected fro...

Economic and Financial Analysis of FMR Project (EFA)

This EFA were used to determine if the FMR Project is feasible considering all the factors like Vehicle Operating Cost, Expansion Areas, and other.

Introduction of sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) as a short-duration annual aromatic crop in Assam for enhancing the income of farmers of the North-East Region

Sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum L. ) is widely cultivated by the farmers of North Indian plains after harvesting the menthol mint or maize crop. Large area under cultivation of this annual crop by marginal farmers in North India is pre-dominantly occupied by the variety "CIM-Saumya," developed by CSIR-Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants. In the present study, an effort has been made for the first time to introduce CIM-Saumya cultivation as a short-duration crop in three nor...

Knowledge and Adoption of Mentha Growers Regarding Recommended Cultivation Practices of Mentha Crop in Siddhaur Block of Barabanki District Uttar Pradesh

This study was conducted in Siddhaur block of Barabanki district of Uttar Pradesh in 2020-2021. With the help of random sampling method, 120 Mentha growers were selected and data were collected by personal interview method by using pre-tested interview schedule and later appropriate statistical analysis was done to find out the meaningful result. The finding of the study revealed that the overall level of knowledge of mentha growers regarding the recommended practices indicated they have medi...


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