In recent years, the flood has brought severe problems in Mvomero District. This
phenomenon has led to uncertain conditions to the people‟s lives and property, as
well as destructions of infrastructures. This study made an assessment of the effects
of floods and flood management practices in Dakawa Ward which found in
Morogoro Region. The study used household survey and interviews to collect data
from 100 households and 8 key informants. Also, the study employed observation
method to assess the quality of the drainage systems developed to control floods
during the rain seasons.
The magnitude of flood was determined by the calculation of the recurrent intervals.
Flood with 1% probability have the highest water stage (7.5m), they happen once in
100 years and they are more destructive. The recurrent interval of other flood shows
the frequency of H50% and H90% and water stage (6.8m and 5.0m) respectively. The
study results show that the villages in Dakawa Ward are affected by floods of
different frequencies. Proper information about floods is not delivered, something
which leads to severe problems since the residents are not prepared to rescue their
lives and property. Frequently, residents‟ houses were demolished, electrical poles
fell and caused power cut and roads were over-flooded and remained impassable for
a long time. Water sources, dump sites, latrines and barnyards were flooded and,
thus, damaged. Further, there was an outbreak of water-borne diseases, such as
Diarrhea, Typhoid and Cholera and the majority of the affected people were the
children. Livestock keeping and crop production were also severely impacted;
consequently, animals were injured and died.
From the findings of the study, the researcher concludes that there is a lack of flood
policy which is central in establishing an institute to give mandate to specific organs
to deal with floods. The study recommends for the introduction and implementation
of flood prediction practices, flood policy, and flood fight education. Lastly,
continuous training of local residents on the best suited traditional and modern ways
of flood management in Mvomero District needs to be implemented.
Key words: flood, flood effect, hydrological analysis of floods, flood management,
SSA, R (2021). Assessment Of Floods In Mvomero District A Case Of Dakawa Ward. Afribary.com: Retrieved May 10, 2021, from https://afribary.com/works/assessment-of-floods-in-mvomero-district-a-case-of-dakawa-ward
Research, SSA. "Assessment Of Floods In Mvomero District A Case Of Dakawa Ward" Afribary.com. Afribary.com, 26 Apr. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/assessment-of-floods-in-mvomero-district-a-case-of-dakawa-ward . Accessed 10 May. 2021.
Research, SSA. "Assessment Of Floods In Mvomero District A Case Of Dakawa Ward". Afribary.com, Afribary.com, 26 Apr. 2021. Web. 10 May. 2021. < https://afribary.com/works/assessment-of-floods-in-mvomero-district-a-case-of-dakawa-ward >.
Research, SSA. "Assessment Of Floods In Mvomero District A Case Of Dakawa Ward" Afribary.com (2021). Accessed May 10, 2021. https://afribary.com/works/assessment-of-floods-in-mvomero-district-a-case-of-dakawa-ward