Assessment Of Heavy Metal Residues In Water, Fish Tissue And Human Blood From Ubeji, Warri, Delta State, Nigeria

ABSTRACT: Residual levels of lead, chromium, cadmium and zinc in water and fish tissue from Ubeji River, Warri and blood samples from residents of Ubeji were analysed. Control water and fish samples were obtained from Eleyele River and blood from residents of Ibadan. All the samples collected were digested using a modified procedure from the Association of Official Analytical Chemists (AOAC) and were subsequently analyzed using Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy. Levels of lead and cadmium in Ubeji river were significantly higher than levels in Eleyele River. Fifty fish samples from five species (Citharinus citharus, Liza falcipinis, Brycinus macrolepidotus, Polydactylus quadrifilis and Tilapia zilli) were analysed. Lead concentration (ppm) was highest in C. citharus (76.07±161.48) and least in T. zilli (23.16±26.30). Chromium was not detected in B. macrolepidotus, P. quadrifilis and T. zilli. Concentrations of all heavy metals detected, except zinc, in the fish species were higher than WHO permissible limit. Lead, Cadmium and Zinc concentrations in the tissues of the control fish were significantly lower (p>0.05) than those recorded in fish from Ubeji River. There were no statistically significant differences in heavy metal concentration in fish gills and muscle (p>0.05). Lead and cadmium levels in Ubeji river significantly exceeded (p=0.0 and p=0.012) the permissible limits for aquaculture and drinking. Levels of Chromium (1737.17±2996.01), Zinc and Lead (149.35±188.28 and 123.49±350.85 respectively) were significantly high (p

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APA

AKINTUJOYE, J (2021). Assessment Of Heavy Metal Residues In Water, Fish Tissue And Human Blood From Ubeji, Warri, Delta State, Nigeria. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/assessment-of-heavy-metal-residues-in-water-fish-tissue-and-human-blood-from-ubeji-warri-delta-state-nigeria

MLA 8th

AKINTUJOYE, JOY "Assessment Of Heavy Metal Residues In Water, Fish Tissue And Human Blood From Ubeji, Warri, Delta State, Nigeria" Afribary. Afribary, 04 Apr. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/assessment-of-heavy-metal-residues-in-water-fish-tissue-and-human-blood-from-ubeji-warri-delta-state-nigeria. Accessed 18 Jul. 2024.

MLA7

AKINTUJOYE, JOY . "Assessment Of Heavy Metal Residues In Water, Fish Tissue And Human Blood From Ubeji, Warri, Delta State, Nigeria". Afribary, Afribary, 04 Apr. 2021. Web. 18 Jul. 2024. < https://afribary.com/works/assessment-of-heavy-metal-residues-in-water-fish-tissue-and-human-blood-from-ubeji-warri-delta-state-nigeria >.

Chicago

AKINTUJOYE, JOY . "Assessment Of Heavy Metal Residues In Water, Fish Tissue And Human Blood From Ubeji, Warri, Delta State, Nigeria" Afribary (2021). Accessed July 18, 2024. https://afribary.com/works/assessment-of-heavy-metal-residues-in-water-fish-tissue-and-human-blood-from-ubeji-warri-delta-state-nigeria