Cross Border Crimes: the role of community policing

Darelle Ndiok 70 PAGES (14112 WORDS) Project
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Abstract

This research work was undertaken to examine the role of community policing in controlling Cross Border Crimes. These crimes such as human trafficking, smuggling of Small Arms and Light Weapons and trafficking in narcotises have effects on the security of affected counties like Nigeria, Chad, Cameroon and Togo. Dealing with these problems has become a source of major concern to the states to have the need to come together to control these crime. Thework was intended to achieve the following objectives: To identify cross border crimes in Nigeria; to critically examine the effect of cross border crimes on the security of Nigeria; To assess the roles of community policing in controlling cross border crimes; To identify the strategies of community policing in curbing border crimes and to identify the problems of community policing in controlling cross border crimes. The scope of the study was limited to the overall objectives, which was from 2004- 2009 and three border crimes were examined: human trafficking, trafficking in narcotizes and smuggling of SALWs. The research was a descriptive research and Quantitative research design was used for this research. Relevant data were collected from both primary and secondary sources. Questionnaires were the main primary data instrument employed while data from various relevant publications constituted the sources of secondary data. Upon the analysis of data, the following conclusions were drawn; that community policing, even though face with challenges, police and community still come together to control cross border crimes. It was recommended that service orientation should be encourage, community partnership and public education should be implemented, mini station should be put in place in an assessable areas, government should encourage neighborhood watch, provides funds for the community policing. Finally, there was an implementation strategy which is put in place at a particular period of time for government to ensure that the strategies are followed accordingly.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

APPORVALPAGE...................................................................................................................ii

CERTIFICATION ................................................................................................................... iii

DEDICATION..........................................................................................................................iv

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT.........................................................................................................v

ABSTRACT..............................................................................................................................vi

LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS..................................................................................................vii

TABLE OF CONTENTS…………………………………….……………………..……………………..………………….viii

CHAPTER ONE........................................................................................................................1

INTRODUCTION..................................................................................................................1

1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY.............................................................................1

1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM............................................................................5

1.3 OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY .................................................................................5

1.4 RESEARCH QUESTIONS ..........................................................................................5

1.5 RESEARCH HYPOTHESES.......................................................................................6

1.6 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY .............................................................................6

1.7 SCOPE OF THE STUDY.............................................................................................6

1.8 LIMITATION OF THE STUDY .................................................................................7

1.9 ORGANISATION OF THE STUDY...........................................................................7

1.10 DEFINITON OF TERMS ..........................................................................................7

CHAPTER TWO .......................................................................................................................9

LITERATURE REVIEW.......................................................................................................9

2.1. CROSS BORDER CRIMES .......................................................................................9

2.2 COMMUNITY POLICING .......................................................................................11

2.3 HUMAN TRAFFICKING..........................................................................................14

2.4 SUMGGLING OF SMALL ARMS AND LIGHT WEAPONS (SALW) .................15

2.5 TRAFFICKING AND SMUGGLING IN NARCOTISES ........................................18

2.6 ROLES OF COMMUNITY POLICING IN CURBING CROSS BORDER CRIMES

..........................................................................................................................................20

2.2 THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK..............................................................................22

2.2.1 NORMATIVE SPONSORSHIP THEORY....................................................................22

2.2.2 BROKEN WINDOW THEORY……………………………………………………….23

CHAPTER THREE .................................................................................................................26

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY.........................................................................................26

3.1 RESEARCH DESIGN................................................................................................26

3.2 SAMPLE POPULATION ..........................................................................................26

3.3 SAMPLE AND SAMPLING TECHNIQUE .............................................................26

3.4 SOURCES OF DATA COLLECTION......................................................................27

3.5 INSTRUMENT FOR DATA COLLECTION ...........................................................27

3.6 INSTRUMENT OF ANALYSIS................................................................................28

CHAPTER FOUR....................................................................................................................29

DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS......................................................................29

4.1 DATA PRESENTATION OF THE BIO- DATA......................................................29

4.2 TESTING OF HYPOTHESIS....................................................................................32

4.3 DISCUSSIONS OF FINDING ......................................................................................42

4.4 SUMMARY OF FINDINGS .........................................................................................42

CHAPTER FIVE .....................................................................................................................45

CONCLUSION, RECOMMENDATIONS AND IMPLEMENTATIONS OF 

STRATEGIES......................................................................................................................45

5.1 CONCLUSION ..........................................................................................................45

5.2 RECOMMENDATIONS............................................................................................46

5.3 IMPLEMENTATIONS OF STRATEGIES ...............................................................46

APPENDIX..............................................................................................................................48

BIBLIOGRAPHY....................................................................Error! Bookmark not defined.

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APA

Darelle, N (2019). Cross Border Crimes: the role of community policing. Afribary.com: Retrieved August 19, 2019, from https://afribary.com/works/atim-complete-project

MLA 8th

Ndiok, Darelle. "Cross Border Crimes: the role of community policing" Afribary.com. Afribary.com, 04 Feb. 2019, https://afribary.com/works/atim-complete-project . Accessed 19 Aug. 2019.

MLA7

Ndiok, Darelle. "Cross Border Crimes: the role of community policing". Afribary.com, Afribary.com, 04 Feb. 2019. Web. 19 Aug. 2019. < https://afribary.com/works/atim-complete-project >.

Chicago

Ndiok, Darelle. "Cross Border Crimes: the role of community policing" Afribary.com (2019). Accessed August 19, 2019. https://afribary.com/works/atim-complete-project