The south-east Asian state of Burma was under the British rule till 4th January, 1948, when
they declared independence with a huge influence of Aung San (the father of Aung San Suu
Kyi). But, in 1962, the government of Burma was become under control of military leaders.
After decades Aung San Suu Kyi came back to Burma from UK and started fight against the
military Regime, and took into the charge of everlasting pro-democratization processes in
Burma. She was influenced by Mahatma Gandhi’s philosophy of non-violence and more
specifically, by Buddhist concepts. All of these helped her to found the political movement the
“National League for Democracy” on 27 September 1988 and she was fighting to maintain
democracy to all Burmese people. Of course, these actions were purely against dictatorship
regime, for that Aung San Suu Kyi has become under house arrest for several years. In 1991, in
Oslo, Norway, Aung San Suu Kyi won Nobel Peace Prize and her two sons took award instead
of her. Everything was radically changed after the foreign involvement from The United Nations
and she was released from house arrest in 2010.
After the exemption, it is easily predictable, that Aung San Suu Kyi continued fighting for
Democracy in Myanmar and in the national elections of Myanmar in 2015, “National League for
Democracy” got majority in The House of Representatives. In 2016, Aung San Suu Kyi became
the State Counsellor. According to Richard Roewer, in his work “Myanmar’s National League
for Democracy at a Crossroads” describes all the political processes after the Aung San Suu
Kyi’s “National League for Democracy’s” landslide victory in 2015 General elections of
Myanmar and beyond sign of stable democratization process of Southeast Asia. Of course, the
National League for Democracy” has a special status for many years because of their ten-year
lasting struggles for free and fair elections. Their major obligation was to defend basic
democratic values if electorate elected NLD to The House of Representatives. The party, during
the national elections campaign, was focused on internal peace and national reconciliation, to
create a federal system, amend and improve the constitution, to develop the life of the people.
After all, the military still has 25% Sits in Parliament and remains under the control of the
Defense Ministries. Border affairs and services function almost independently of others
Of course, there were other serious challenges for the new administration, for instance, the
issue of the Rohingya, Muslim population in the northern state of Rakhine in Myanmar.
According to Zoltan Barany’s “Why Myanmar's Army Gets Away with Ethnic Cleansing”
Myanmar’s Security Forces, the Tatmadaw’s actions were main response to few attacks, which
were organized by Rohingya militants, the Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army (ARSA). As a fact,
on 25th August, 2017, ARSA carried out coordinated attacks on more than twenty small
Myanmar’s security points. However, ARSA fighters were armed with weapons and twelve
Myanmar’s security workers were killed. The rebels also attached on the warehouse and fled
with plenty of Myanmar’s military equipment. For the reason of counter-attacks against
Rohingyas’ ARSA, The Myanmar’s Tatmadaw has reportedly committed widespread human
rights violations against the Rohingya people, including the concrete cases of rape, beatings and
killings. Depending on Barany’s sources, as of the beginning of December, 2017, more than
688,000 ethnically Rohingyas were forced by political situation to flee to Bangladesh, and 392
villages were partially or totally destroyed, the death toll was around 10,000, since the first
aimed attacks began in the year of 2016.
As it is familiar for us, Myanmar has a population of 54 million and dozens of officially
recognized ethnic groups are represented, However, there is no Rohingya among of them. In fact,
the Counsellor of Myanmar, Aung San Suu Kyi has even refused to use the term Rohingya,
because the Rohingyas’ ancestors were originated from Bangladesh. According to the
Counsellor, The Rohingyas, different from other Muslim groups who live in Myanmar, majority
of them does not live-in urban areas of Rakhine State; speak a dialect of Bengali language, have
Muslim names and they have never required the citizenship of Myanmar.
According to both of the authors, it is quite hard to decide who is Aung San Suu Kyi, Is she
Warrior of Peace or Genocide? If we take Zoltan Barany’s arguments into the consideration,
Aung San Suu Kyi and her administration have may broke the principles of The International
Law and the Counceller is accused for the crime against humanity and genocide. In the other
hand, for Richard Roewer, Aung San Suu Kyi is a strong woman, who has spread the light of
democracy to South east Asia. I suppose, both of the authors are right. Aung San Suu Kyi was a
Warrior of Peace; this is a reason why she got the Nobel Peace Prize. But during the repulse of
the rebel Rohingyas, her administration demonstrated very radical ways, which have killed
thousands of ethnically Rohingyas. So, Aung San Suu Kyi is a warrior of peace but not a warrior
Erekle, K (2020). Aung San Suu Kyi - The Warrior of Peace or Genocide. Afribary.com: Retrieved January 18, 2021, from https://afribary.com/works/aung-san-suu-kyi-the-warrior-of-peace-or-genocide
Kurtanidze, Erekle. "Aung San Suu Kyi - The Warrior of Peace or Genocide" Afribary.com. Afribary.com, 30 Dec. 2020, https://afribary.com/works/aung-san-suu-kyi-the-warrior-of-peace-or-genocide . Accessed 18 Jan. 2021.
Kurtanidze, Erekle. "Aung San Suu Kyi - The Warrior of Peace or Genocide". Afribary.com, Afribary.com, 30 Dec. 2020. Web. 18 Jan. 2021. < https://afribary.com/works/aung-san-suu-kyi-the-warrior-of-peace-or-genocide >.
Kurtanidze, Erekle. "Aung San Suu Kyi - The Warrior of Peace or Genocide" Afribary.com (2020). Accessed January 18, 2021. https://afribary.com/works/aung-san-suu-kyi-the-warrior-of-peace-or-genocide