Bio-efficacy and physical integrity of piperonylbutoxide coated combination net (PermaNet® 3.0) against pyrethroid resistant population of Anopheles gambiae sl and Culex quinquefasciatus mosq

Abstract:

Background: PermaNet® 3.0 is a deltamethrin-treated combination long-lasting insecticidal net with the addition of synergist piperonylbutoxide (PBO) on its roof section. It is designed to overcome the challenge posed by pyrethroid resistant vector populations against mainstream long-lasting insecticidal nets impregnated with pyrethroids only. The objective of this study was to determine insecticide resistance status of Anopheline and Culicine mosquitoes, to evaluate the bio-efcacy of PermaNet® 3.0 nets and to assess household factors afecting the physical integrity of PermaNet® 3.0 after 3 years of use. Methods: Insecticide susceptibility test was conducted using the WHO tube test. Bio-activity of PermaNet® 3.0 samples was evaluated using the WHO cone bioassay. Cross-sectional survey was conducted on 150 randomly selected households from two districts to determine household factors afecting net utilization. One hundred ffty PermaNet® 3.0 nets were randomly collected from the community with replacement after 3 years of deployment and physical integrity of each net was assessed. Results: Both Anopheles gambiae sensu lato and Culex quinquefasciatus developed resistance against permethrin and deltamethrin. However, following pre-exposure to synergist PBO the susceptibility of mosquito population increased to both permethrin (from 39% without to 92% with PBO against An. gambiae and from 28% without to 94% with PBO against Culex quinquefasciatus) and deltamethrin (from 52% without to 99% with PBO against An. gambiae and from 43% without to 98% with PBO against Culex quinquefasciatus). Eighty percent (80%) mortality was recorded in wild population of An. gambiae s.l. exposed to unused PermaNet® 3.0, but its bioactivity subsequently declined as washing frequency increased from 0 to 20. The PBO coated roof section of unused PermaNet® 3.0 resulted in higher mosquito mortality (100%) compared to the side panels without PBO (85%). House structure, cooking and washing habits, and damage due to household pests were cited as determinants associated with bed net deterioration. Bed net proportionate hole index (pHI) was ranged from 0 to 6064. Of the 150 PermaNet® 3.0 nets assessed 80, 29 and 41 were considered as ‘good’, ‘acceptable’ and ‘too torn’, respectively. Conclusions: The bio-efcacy evaluation of PermaNet® 3.0 from Jimma area, southwestern Ethiopia showed moderate efcacy against pyrethroid resistant population of An. gambiae and Culex quinquefasciatus. Thus, NMCPs in parallel to deployment of LLINs, should implement timely insecticide resistance management and integrated vector management strategies to slowdown the evolution and further spread of insecticide resistance. Household factors such as, housing conditions, open fame fre used for cooking and rodent attack were identifed as factors contributing to the observed reduced bed net physical integrity in the study area. Universal coverage of bed nets should be accompanied with community awareness creation and training on net utilization and handling.
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APA

Public Library, A. & A., B (2024). Bio-efficacy and physical integrity of piperonylbutoxide coated combination net (PermaNet® 3.0) against pyrethroid resistant population of Anopheles gambiae sl and Culex quinquefasciatus mosq. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/bio-efficacy-and-physical-integrity-of-piperonylbutoxide-coated-combination-net-permanet-3-0-against-pyrethroid-resistant-population-of-anopheles-gambiae-sl-and-culex-quinquefasciatus-mosquit

MLA 8th

Public Library, Africana, and Birhanu A. "Bio-efficacy and physical integrity of piperonylbutoxide coated combination net (PermaNet® 3.0) against pyrethroid resistant population of Anopheles gambiae sl and Culex quinquefasciatus mosq" Afribary. Afribary, 10 Mar. 2024, https://afribary.com/works/bio-efficacy-and-physical-integrity-of-piperonylbutoxide-coated-combination-net-permanet-3-0-against-pyrethroid-resistant-population-of-anopheles-gambiae-sl-and-culex-quinquefasciatus-mosquit. Accessed 27 May. 2024.

MLA7

Public Library, Africana, and Birhanu A. . "Bio-efficacy and physical integrity of piperonylbutoxide coated combination net (PermaNet® 3.0) against pyrethroid resistant population of Anopheles gambiae sl and Culex quinquefasciatus mosq". Afribary, Afribary, 10 Mar. 2024. Web. 27 May. 2024. < https://afribary.com/works/bio-efficacy-and-physical-integrity-of-piperonylbutoxide-coated-combination-net-permanet-3-0-against-pyrethroid-resistant-population-of-anopheles-gambiae-sl-and-culex-quinquefasciatus-mosquit >.

Chicago

Public Library, Africana and A., Birhanu . "Bio-efficacy and physical integrity of piperonylbutoxide coated combination net (PermaNet® 3.0) against pyrethroid resistant population of Anopheles gambiae sl and Culex quinquefasciatus mosq" Afribary (2024). Accessed May 27, 2024. https://afribary.com/works/bio-efficacy-and-physical-integrity-of-piperonylbutoxide-coated-combination-net-permanet-3-0-against-pyrethroid-resistant-population-of-anopheles-gambiae-sl-and-culex-quinquefasciatus-mosquit