Environmental & Physical Sciences

Research Papers/Topics in Environmental & Physical Sciences

Pattern of Residential Mobility in Lokoja, Kogi State, Nigeria

The study analyzed the residential mobility in Lokoja with a view to evolving predictable pattern of the factors influencing residential mobility in Lokoja Nigeria. A survey research method was adopted. Both qualitative and quantitative data collection methods were used. Collection of quantitative data was through oral interview and nonparticipant observation while quantitative data was collected using unstructured questionnaire and secondary sources such as books and journal articles. Study ...

AN APPRAISAL OF LANDHOLDING SIZE AND SOCIO-ECONOMIC STATUS OF RURAL HOUSEHOLDS: THE CASE OF ABAYI CHOMMAN WEREDA, OROMIA REGIONAL STATE

ABSTRACTThis Study looks at an appraisal of landholding size and socio-economic status of rural households, the case of AbayiChommanWereda, Oromia Regional State. The main objective of this study is to assess and appraise landholding size and the socio-economic status of the rural households in the study area. Both primary and secondary data were collected for this purpose. Descriptive statistics such as minimum, maximum, and mean were used to describe respondents in terms of family size, lan...

SMALLHOLDER FARMERS ADAPTATION STRATEGIES TO THE CONSEQUENCE OF CLIMATE CHANGE AND VULNERABILITY IN GELANA WOREDA OROMIA REGION, ETHIOPIA

ABSTRACTThis study was aimed at Smallholder farmers’ adaptation strategies to the effect of climate change and vulnerability in Gelana Woreda, Oromia region, Ethiopia. A total of 156 households were sampled using random sampling methods. A household questionnaire survey, focus group discussions, key informant interviews, and field observation was undertaken to collect primary data. Furthermore, 96.8% of the respondents perceived occurring of climate variability in the study area. The declin...

ORGANOCHLORINE PESTICIDES RESIDUE IN COCOA BEANS (Theobroma cacao) AND SOILS OF COCOA PLANTATIONS IN ONDO STATE, NIGERIA

ABSTRACTThe study investigated the levels of organochlorine pesticide residues in both cocoa beans and soils of cocoa plantations in selected farms in Ondo State. Soil samples and cocoa pods were collected from four major farms in the State. The pesticide residues were extracted, cleaned up and analysed using Gas Chromatography-Electron Capture Detector (GC-ECD).In the analysed cocoa samples, the ranges of the mean concentrations of the organochlorine pesticides were: α-HCH (ND-0.094 mg/...

Effect of Genetic and Environmental Factors on Writing Development

ABSTRACTResearchers have identified sources of individual differences in writing across beginning and developing writers. The aim of the present study was to further clarify the sources of this variability by investigating the extent to which there are differences in genetic and environmental factors underlying the associations between lexical diversity, syntactic knowledge, and semantic cohesion knowledge in relation to writing. Differences were examined across two developmental phases o...

INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY AND CLOUD COMPUTING ALTERING THE SEARCHING AND TRAINING OF INVOLVED URBAN PLANNING

ABSTRACTTechnological change has greatly impacted everyday life. In Finland, for example, Nokia and the mobile phone technology have enjoyed a similar position as a national vehicle for economic and social change, as the tractor in the Soviet Union, in the 1950 ́s. Information and communication technologies (ICTs) have transformed the way people communicate and interact with one another. It has brought, not only new ways of socializing, consuming and producing services and experiencing place...

SMART GREEN EVENHANDED METROPOLIS ACTIONS AGAINST URBAN PLANNING IN EUROPEAN UNION

ABSTRACTToday development is related to globalization and transition to digital economy as well as to growing pressures on the environment and the society. As the proportion of the urban population is rapidly increasing, cities are becoming more and more the focus of these changes this paper. Most cities in the European Union (EU) are increasingly promoting smart green just actions, trying to learn from the experience of more advanced cities in this field. These actions obviously affect urban...

Three-Dimension Modelling of Urban Temperature Landmasses and Its Planning Consequences

ABSTRACTThe study adopted Thermal Infrared Remote (TIR) Sensing and Geospatial Information System (GIS) Techniques using LANDSAT TM, LANDSAT ETM and LANDSAT OLI sensors to acquire Urban Surface temperature data emitted by objects in the study area and store the information as a digital number (DN) thermal band (B6, B61 and B10) as well as secondary data acquired from the Nigerian Meteorological Agency (NIMET). Urban Surface Temperature was obtained thro...

Impact of Climate Change and Its Relations to Air Pollution on Human Health in Akure, Ondo State

Abstract This study assessed impacts of climate change and its relations to air pollution on human health in Akure, Ondo State with focus on the Federal University of Technology, Akure. Data were generated from majorly primary sources through Air Quality Meter and questionnaire administrations and the meteorological station. A total of 121 respondents were drawn from the six sample points considered as the high activity areas of the in the town through a random sampling techniques. T...

Re-Thinking Engineering and Technology for Environmental Sustainability in the Face of Global Pandemic: Proceedings of the 2ND International Conference on Engineering and Environmental Scienc

PREFACE The second edition of the International Conference on Engineering and Environmental Sciences (ICEES 2021) was co-hosted by the Faculty of Engineering and the Faculty of Environmental Sciences of Osun State University, Osogbo from 23rd-25th November, 2021. The Conference with the theme, “ReThinking Engineering and Technology for Environmental Sustainability in the Face of Global Pandemic” took place at a time the world is still re-adjusting to life in the COVID/post-COVID-19 e...

Sediment Characteristics and Geochemistry of Ogwashi Asaba Formation at Oraifite and Environs, South Eastern Nigeria

                                ABSTRACTGeochemical characterization and lithostrtigraphic description of the Neogene strata in the Orafite-Nnewi area of Southeastern  Nigeria are carried out based on detailed field measurments and laboratory studies. The Ogwashi-Asaba formation consists of multi storey channelized sandstone, pebbly at the base and fining upward. Lignite seams occurs at various levels. Some geochemical properties of Enem, Olulu and Ejighioku lignites deposit...

Site Criteria in CO2 Capture and Storage

This paper is an overview of criteria needed for the deployment of CCS technology. This to avoid unnecessary leakage in the storage mechanisms. For a CCS to be successful  the criteria must be examined and the site is clear for the technology. This paper give an insight into the basic criteria for the site which will be used for for storage of co2

Biostratigraphy and Depositional Environment of Numanha Shale of the Yola arm of the Upper Venue Trough

This research is about the biostratigraphy and depositional environment of Numanha shale of the Yola arm of the Upper Venue Trough. Five location within the study area were studied and sample were collected so as to analyze for microfossil and petrographic characteristics of the samples collected during field mapping /sample collection.

AN EVALUATION OF THE CHALLENGES OF SERVICE CHARGE ADMINISTRATION ON COMMERCIAL PROPERTY MANAGEMENT IN ONITSHA, ANAMBRA STATE OF NIGERIA

Abstract: Service charge administration for a long time is cited as the commonest cause of conflict in the landlord, tenants and property manager’s relationship. The study evaluated the challenges encountered in the administration of service charge in the commercial city of Onitsha, Anambra State of Nigeria. The study was guided by four main objectives namely; to identify what constitutes service charge, to examine the method of service charge administration in commercial properties, to ide...

The Impacts of Poor Solid Waste Management Practices on Ala River Water Quality in Akure, Nigeria

ABSTRACT: The present study assessed solid waste management practices and impact on Ala River water quality in Akure, Ondo state, Nigeria. The primary data were obtained through field observation, interviews and questionnaire while secondary data were obtained from desk review of use of journals, articles, seminar papers, internet sources, government official publications. Simple random sampling technique was used to obtain required information for the study. Results showed that 37.8% of the ...


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