Environmental & Physical Sciences

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Research Papers/Topics in Environmental & Physical Sciences

Impact Of Cash Flow And Resource Control In Construcion Projects And Delivery CHAPTER ONE

ABSTRACTConstruction projects are complex and risky. According to the literature, even profitable construction companies can fail due to poor cash flow. In order to survive in this rapidly changing environment, effective cash flow management is essential. Many unforeseen factors affect a construction project’s cash flow. The objective of the research presented in this paper is to examine the impact of these factors on contractor cash flow during the construction process. A model has ...

AN ASSESSMENT OF POVERTY AND URBAN LIVELIHOOD IMPACT ON PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT

Background to Study Urban poverty and livelihoods has been the major concern of professionals in the built environment such as urban economists and urban planners for many decades, which they considered as an impediments to the physical development of most cities in the developing countries like Nigeria. However, majority of these professionals have common views in conceptualizing, measuring and establishing the key indicators for contemporary poverty issues such as t...

Impact of Flooding on Housing Development in Gani Fawehinmi Area, Ondo Town, Nigeria

ABSTRACTThis study examined the impact of flooding on housing development in Gani fawehinmi area, Ondo town, Nigeria.  Flood is any overland flow of water, over street, sufficient to cause significant damage to lives and property, nuisance and health hazards. Data for this study were collected from primary sources, through the administration of one hundred and twenty one (121) questionnaires on respondents in the study area. Results from this study revealed that high intensity of rainfall, d...

Empirical Investigation of Settlement Patterns of Lokoja, Kogi State

The pattern of development of urban land use in relation to topography varies from rural to urban. What distinguishes Lokoja community from other settlements is the topographical nature that surrounds and abounds within the community. In this research work, factors responsible for settlement expansion were investigated. The study derives it data from the fieldwork, survey and observations. Lokoja town was divided into eight zones where questionnaires were administered and the data gathered we...

AN ASSESSMENT OF BUILDING COLLAPSE IN NIGERIA (EDO STATE AS A STUDY AREA)

Abstract The age-less interaction between man and his built environment has always had positive and negative impacts on the two. Environmental disaster of varying origin from man-made to natural is one of the most negative effects of the built environment on man. An assessment of the magnitude of these disasters and an evaluation of the existing capacities to prevent, mitigate or prepare for them are necessary tools to provide future safe living for man in his built environment. Buildin...

Spatial Analysis of Informal Settlements: The Case of Kibera Slum, Nairobi County Kenya (2008-2013)

ABSTRACTThe rate at which informal settlements are mushrooming all over the world is alarming causing health problems, environmental deterioration, social distress, economic destruction (fire), and urban violence. This has forced many countries to put in place measures and efforts to eradicate the informal settlements. There has been no clear indicator as to whether the efforts put in place are bearing fruits or not. The overall aim of this study was to analyze the extent of spatial...

ASSESSMENT OF INTRA-URBAN AUTO-RICKSHAW SERVICES IN LAGOS STATE: THE CASE OF ALIMOSHO L.G.A (IYANA PAJA AXIS)

Aim & ObjectivesAim: The aim of this research is to assess intra-urban auto-rickshaw (tricycles) operations and services with a  view to establishing policies that can enhance intra-urban travels in Alimosho Local Government Area, Lagos. Nigeria.Objectives: The specific objectives are to:-i. Assess the operations of Auto-rickshaw services in selected route of Alimosho LGA, Lagos.ii.  Examine  socio-economic characteristics of auto-rickshaw operators and  passengers in...

SPATIO-CLIMATIC INFLUENCE ON MALARIA VECTOR DISTRIBUTION

ABSTRACTMalaria is a major public health disease in Nigeria and the risk exists throughout all the country. However, it is a widely accepted view that climate change may affect the distribution of vector species. To better understand the epidemiology of the disease, it is important to study the climatic parameter such as temperature, relative humidity, and rainfall because these parameters influence the life cycles and development of both the malaria parasite and mosquito vector. Climate chan...

ASSESSMENT OF THE IMPACT OF FEDERAL UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY MINNA LOCATION ON THE PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT OF GIDAN KWANO VILLAGE

ABSTRACT; It has been argued from several quarters that the l guided and monitored. ocation of a Tertiary institution in an area is a The establishment of Federal University of Technology Minna in Gidan Kwano has led to the emergent of various transformations in the community which shows tendencies towards chaotic physical development and unprecedented growth in the environment. This res earch aims to Assess of the Impact of Federal University of Technology Minna Location on the Physical Deve...

ASSESSMENT OF COMMUNITY PREPAREDNESS RESPONSE AND ADAPTATION STRATEGIES TO THE 2013-2014 GUNMEN ATTACKS IN MAKURDI AND ENVIRONS

ABSTRACTThe research investigated the root-cause of the 2013-2014 unrests witnessed by communities in Makurdi and environs while examining the effects on the welfare of lives and livelihoods. Substantially, the study assessed the response and preparedness, adaptation and resilience strategies of communities to the event aiming at proffering possible solutions. Data sourced were drawn from primary and secondary sources; questionnaire and oral interviews from the field and&n...

Using Gis to create an agroclimatic zone map for Soroti District

This project examines the use of GIS in creating an agro-climatic zone map. The map recognizes that the major aspects of climate that affect plant growth are moisture availability and temperature. The agro-climatic zones are therefore specific combinations of moisture availability zones and temperature zones. The project was undertaken following the variability of rainfall and recurrent droughts in the country that affects the lives of millions of people whose livelihood is mainly d...

ASSESSMENT OF FARMERS PERCEPTION ON CLIMATE VARIABILITY AND ITS IMPACT ON CROP PRODUCTION PLANNING IN OGBOMOSHO AND ITS ENVIRONS, OYO STATE NIGERIA

ASSESSMENT OF FARMERS PERCEPTION ON CLIMATE VARIABILITY AND ITS IMPACT ON CROP PRODUCTION PLANNING IN OGBOMOSHO AND ITS ENVIRONS, OYO STATE NIGERIABYIMORU, Ahmed Abimbola(2011/1/38130BG)PROJECT SUBMITTED TO DEPARTMENT OF GEOGRAPHYSCHOOL OF PHYSICAL SCIENCES (SPS) FEDERAL UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY, MINNA, NIGERIAIN PARTIAL FULFILMENT OF THE REQUIREMENT FOR THE AWARD OF THE DEGREE OF BACHELOR OF TECHNOLOGY (B.Tech) IN GEOGRAPHY (METEOROLOGY)SEPTEMBER, 2016                         ...

OIL PIPELINE VANDALISM IN NIGERIA A PLANNERS PERCEPTION

ABSTRACT            Pipeline vandalism is a persistent social problem in all the major Nigerian urban centres today. Despite the inadequacy, the available have been consistently vandalized by criminals and mob. This has undoubtedly strained the limited resources of the governments. This paper examines the nature, types, location and costs of vandalism as well as identifying the various actors involved in vandalism of infrastructural facilities in Nigeria The paper highlights ...

DETERMINANTS OF HOUSE OWNERSHIP AMONG UNIVERSITY OF UYO STAFF

Man has consistently tried to build his immediate environment so as to provide a means to cover and protect himself from the external elements. Despite man’s effort to provide decent accommodation, his effort seems unrealizable with processes that are too cumbersome. This paper seeks to investigate determinants of house ownership among University of Uyo Staff. For the purpose of collecting data, a population size of 2494 Staff was identified through the Department of Establishment, ...

Impact of Laterite Excavation on Vegetal Cover in Birigi Village of Niger State

The excavation of laterite has totally removed the vegetative cover of the land area which served as an ecosystem community for Plants and Animals Resistant and successional species of plants and animals would be able to cope with unstable situations which were caused   by the excavation activities.The dwellers around the excavation site are not well enlightened about the environmental impact of the laterite excavation activity in their locality; they only see it as a source of income witho...


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