BIOGAS PRODUCTION FROM WILD OATS (Avena fatua) USING ANAEROBIC CO-DIGESTION WITH GOAT MANURE

Abstract:

Production of biogas through anaerobic digestion of organic waste materials provides an alternative eco-friendly renewable energy source. Anaerobic digestion is a technology widely used for the treatment of organic waste for biogas production. Therefore, the study was conducted to investigate the production of biogas from Wild oats co-digested with goat manure through anaerobic digestion with five treatments. The treatments were made into five treatments by mixing substrates in different proportions based on their total solid (TS). The five treatments used for anaerobic digestions were100% of goat manure,70% goat manure with 30% wild oats, 50% goat manure with 50% wild oats, 30% goat manure with 70% wild oats, and 100% wild oats mix ratios were evaluated under mesophilic conditions (38ºC) using batch digesters in the Microbiology laboratory of Haramaya University for 30 days of fermentation. In all treatments, physico-chemical parameters such as total solids, volatile solids, organic carbon, nitrogen, pH value, and percent of moisture content were measured before and after anaerobic digestion. The results indicated that the highest pH value (7.18) was observed in 100%GM (goat manure), whereas the lowest pH value (6.80) was observed in 100%WO with the same percentage of total solid content. Comparison of pH values between before and after anaerobic digestion showed that pH values were significantly increased after anaerobic digestion for all treatments. Similarly, the values of % Total Solid and Volatile Solid showed a decrease from the initial value. In addition to this, carbon to nitrogen ratios was analyzed; the results revealed that the highest carbon to nitrogen ratio was observed in 100% WO. In this experimental study, the result showed that co-digested substrates of the three mix ratios produced a higher amount of biogas than the two sole. Among the different proportions of mix ratios 30% goat manure +70% WO showed the highest daily mean cumulative biogas production (1225.33ml) than all other treatments. Overall the results of this study indicate that the increase in biogas yield and reduction in volatile solids and total solids can be significantly enhanced when goat manure is co-digested with Wild oat in a 30%:70% mix ratio.
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APA

Melaku, M (2024). BIOGAS PRODUCTION FROM WILD OATS (Avena fatua) USING ANAEROBIC CO-DIGESTION WITH GOAT MANURE. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/biogas-production-from-wild-oats-avena-fatua-using-anaerobic-co-digestion-with-goat-manure

MLA 8th

Melaku, Mulugeta "BIOGAS PRODUCTION FROM WILD OATS (Avena fatua) USING ANAEROBIC CO-DIGESTION WITH GOAT MANURE" Afribary. Afribary, 12 Apr. 2024, https://afribary.com/works/biogas-production-from-wild-oats-avena-fatua-using-anaerobic-co-digestion-with-goat-manure. Accessed 26 May. 2024.

MLA7

Melaku, Mulugeta . "BIOGAS PRODUCTION FROM WILD OATS (Avena fatua) USING ANAEROBIC CO-DIGESTION WITH GOAT MANURE". Afribary, Afribary, 12 Apr. 2024. Web. 26 May. 2024. < https://afribary.com/works/biogas-production-from-wild-oats-avena-fatua-using-anaerobic-co-digestion-with-goat-manure >.

Chicago

Melaku, Mulugeta . "BIOGAS PRODUCTION FROM WILD OATS (Avena fatua) USING ANAEROBIC CO-DIGESTION WITH GOAT MANURE" Afribary (2024). Accessed May 26, 2024. https://afribary.com/works/biogas-production-from-wild-oats-avena-fatua-using-anaerobic-co-digestion-with-goat-manure