Biogeography of cereal stemborers and theirnatural enemies: forecasting pestmanagement efficacy under changing climate

Abstract:

Background: Climate warming presents physiological challenges to insects, manifesting as loss of key life-historyfitness traitsand survival. For interacting host–parasitoid species, physiological responses to heat stress may vary, thereby potentiallyuncoupling trophic ecological relationships. Here, we assessed heat tolerance traits and sensitivity to prevailing and futuremaximum temperatures for the cereal stemborer pests,Chilo partellus,Busseola fuscaandSesamia calamistisand their endo-parasitoids,Cotesia sesamiaeandCotesiaflavipes.We further used the machine learning algorithm, Maximum Entropy(MaxEnt), to model current and potential distribution of these species.Results: The mean critical thermal maxima (CTmax) ranged from 39.5±0.9°C to 44.6±0.6°C and from 46.8±0.7°C to 48.5±0.9°C for parasitoids and stemborers, withC. sesamiaeandCh. partellusexhibiting the lowest and highestCTmaxrespectively.From the current climate to the 2050s scenario, parasitoids recorded a significant reduction in warming tolerance comparedwith their hosts. Habitat suitability for all stemborer–parasitoid species was spatially heterogeneous under current and futureclimatic scenarios.Cotesia sesamiae C.flavipesandB. fuscaexhibited significant habitat loss, whereasCh. partellusandS. calamistisshowed a significant habitat gain under future 2050s predictions. Model metrics based on mean area under thecurve ranged from 0.72 to 0.84 for all species, indicating a good predictive performance of the models.Conclusion: These results suggestC. sesamiaeandC.flavipesmay face survival constraints or extirpation compared with theirpest hosts when environmental temperature reaches their upper thermal limits earlier, likely reducing pest regulation throughdensity-mediated effects. The results demonstrate potential destabilization of stemborer–parasitoid trophic systems poten-tially compromising biocontrol efficacy under climate warming
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APA

Reyard, M (2024). Biogeography of cereal stemborers and theirnatural enemies: forecasting pestmanagement efficacy under changing climate. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/biogeography-of-cereal-stemborers-and-theirnatural-enemies-forecasting-pestmanagement-efficacy-under-changing-climate

MLA 8th

Reyard, Mutamiswa "Biogeography of cereal stemborers and theirnatural enemies: forecasting pestmanagement efficacy under changing climate" Afribary. Afribary, 10 Mar. 2024, https://afribary.com/works/biogeography-of-cereal-stemborers-and-theirnatural-enemies-forecasting-pestmanagement-efficacy-under-changing-climate. Accessed 30 May. 2024.

MLA7

Reyard, Mutamiswa . "Biogeography of cereal stemborers and theirnatural enemies: forecasting pestmanagement efficacy under changing climate". Afribary, Afribary, 10 Mar. 2024. Web. 30 May. 2024. < https://afribary.com/works/biogeography-of-cereal-stemborers-and-theirnatural-enemies-forecasting-pestmanagement-efficacy-under-changing-climate >.

Chicago

Reyard, Mutamiswa . "Biogeography of cereal stemborers and theirnatural enemies: forecasting pestmanagement efficacy under changing climate" Afribary (2024). Accessed May 30, 2024. https://afribary.com/works/biogeography-of-cereal-stemborers-and-theirnatural-enemies-forecasting-pestmanagement-efficacy-under-changing-climate