BREWERY AND MUNICIPAL WASTEWATER QUALITY FOR IRRIGATION AND ITS IMPACTS ON SELECTED SOIL PROPERTIES AROUND HARAR CITY, EASTERN ETHIOPIA

Abstract:

Wastewater contains a variety of chemical, physical and microbial contaminants which may significantly affect soil properties as well as ecosystem function when used for different purposes such as irrigation. Around Harar city, brewery and municipal wastewater has been in use for irrigating some crops cultivated in the area which may have impacted soil properties. The study was aimed to investigate the impacts of brewery and municipal wastewater (BMWW) on selected soil physico-chemical properties and to characterize its quality for irrigation. Three irrigation sites were selected purposively from Harar city area. The sites were categorized into three groups depending on the application of BMWW and long term application: control (non-irrigated), BMWW irrigated farmland for less than ten years and BMWW for more than ten years. A total of two brewery and municipal wastewater samples were collected to characterize wastewater quality for irrigation. A total of 36 soil samples were collected at depth of 0-20 cm for analysis of physico-chemical of the soil. The brewery and municipal wastewater quality for irrigation analysis showed that pH has moderate level which is prescribe by FAO and biological oxygen demand, chemical oxygen demand and phosphorous concentrations were above the permissible limit of FAO prescription for irrigation quality of water. The results of soil analysis showed that bulk density was significantly decreased (P
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APA

Wondu, A (2024). BREWERY AND MUNICIPAL WASTEWATER QUALITY FOR IRRIGATION AND ITS IMPACTS ON SELECTED SOIL PROPERTIES AROUND HARAR CITY, EASTERN ETHIOPIA. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/brewery-and-municipal-wastewater-quality-for-irrigation-and-its-impacts-on-selected-soil-properties-around-harar-city-eastern-ethiopia

MLA 8th

Wondu, Abera "BREWERY AND MUNICIPAL WASTEWATER QUALITY FOR IRRIGATION AND ITS IMPACTS ON SELECTED SOIL PROPERTIES AROUND HARAR CITY, EASTERN ETHIOPIA" Afribary. Afribary, 12 Apr. 2024, https://afribary.com/works/brewery-and-municipal-wastewater-quality-for-irrigation-and-its-impacts-on-selected-soil-properties-around-harar-city-eastern-ethiopia. Accessed 30 May. 2024.

MLA7

Wondu, Abera . "BREWERY AND MUNICIPAL WASTEWATER QUALITY FOR IRRIGATION AND ITS IMPACTS ON SELECTED SOIL PROPERTIES AROUND HARAR CITY, EASTERN ETHIOPIA". Afribary, Afribary, 12 Apr. 2024. Web. 30 May. 2024. < https://afribary.com/works/brewery-and-municipal-wastewater-quality-for-irrigation-and-its-impacts-on-selected-soil-properties-around-harar-city-eastern-ethiopia >.

Chicago

Wondu, Abera . "BREWERY AND MUNICIPAL WASTEWATER QUALITY FOR IRRIGATION AND ITS IMPACTS ON SELECTED SOIL PROPERTIES AROUND HARAR CITY, EASTERN ETHIOPIA" Afribary (2024). Accessed May 30, 2024. https://afribary.com/works/brewery-and-municipal-wastewater-quality-for-irrigation-and-its-impacts-on-selected-soil-properties-around-harar-city-eastern-ethiopia