Cancer Risk Assessment of Patients Undergoing Computed Tomography Examination at the Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital (KBTH)

ABSTRACT

 The aim of this study is to estimate the effective dose and assess the lifetime attributable risk of cancer incidence of patients undergoing computed tomography scan at the KorleBu Teaching Hospital. Data on Volume CT Dose Index ( ) and Dose Length Product ( ) displayed on the scanner control console was recorded after confirmation of the results by performing independent checks on a phantom. The effective doses were estimated using the displayed and the anatomic region specific conversion factors ( ). The average effective dose for the head, abdomen, chest, neck, and pelvis were 3.63± 2.39mSv, 15.37±8.49 mSv, 12.72 ± 13.97 mSv, 4.04 ± 1.47 mSv and 15.8 ± 3.59 mSv respectively. Effective doses for the head and neck were within the typical range of (1-10mSv) for CT examinations whilst abdomen, chest and pelvis were above 10mSv. The average life attributable risk of cancer incidence for each region of examination were determined from the effective dose, sex and age using the model proposed in BEIR VII Report . The average cancer risk incidence for head, neck, chest, abdomen and pelvis examinations were low in the range 1 in 10,000 to 1 in 1,000. There were wide variations in the effective dose values obtained for the same region under examination. This trend calls for the optimization of CT examination protocols to be established to ensure that patient doses are as low as reasonably achievable, economic and social factors being taken into account. 

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APA

SACKEY, T (2021). Cancer Risk Assessment of Patients Undergoing Computed Tomography Examination at the Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital (KBTH). Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/cancer-risk-assessment-of-patients-undergoing-computed-tomography-examination-at-the-korle-bu-teaching-hospital-kbth

MLA 8th

SACKEY, THEOPHILUS "Cancer Risk Assessment of Patients Undergoing Computed Tomography Examination at the Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital (KBTH)" Afribary. Afribary, 04 Apr. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/cancer-risk-assessment-of-patients-undergoing-computed-tomography-examination-at-the-korle-bu-teaching-hospital-kbth. Accessed 25 Jul. 2024.

MLA7

SACKEY, THEOPHILUS . "Cancer Risk Assessment of Patients Undergoing Computed Tomography Examination at the Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital (KBTH)". Afribary, Afribary, 04 Apr. 2021. Web. 25 Jul. 2024. < https://afribary.com/works/cancer-risk-assessment-of-patients-undergoing-computed-tomography-examination-at-the-korle-bu-teaching-hospital-kbth >.

Chicago

SACKEY, THEOPHILUS . "Cancer Risk Assessment of Patients Undergoing Computed Tomography Examination at the Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital (KBTH)" Afribary (2021). Accessed July 25, 2024. https://afribary.com/works/cancer-risk-assessment-of-patients-undergoing-computed-tomography-examination-at-the-korle-bu-teaching-hospital-kbth