This study was an investigation of challenges of teaching and learning materials in public
secondary schools in Tana River District, Coast Province, Republic of Kenya. Teaching and
learning materials greatly influence education quality and standards since it affect the teaching and
learning process at all levels. The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of shortages
of teaching and learning materials in public secondary schools in Tana River District. The specific
objectives of this study were to;
Find out challenges of inadequate teaching and learning materials, Determine ways, in which
teaching and learning materials are sourced, Investigate how teaching and learning materials are
maintained and replaced, Assess whether teaching and learning materials are adequate and
Establish ways and means of improving existing teaching and learning material in public
secondary schools in Tana River District.
The study adopted exploratory approach using descriptive survey design. The population
comprised of ten public schools, 3500 students and 126 teachers. The sample was having 5 public
schools,4 principals, 4 laboratory Technicians,24 HODs ,2 DQASOs ,5 parents representatives of
either form three or four and 97 students from form three and four students where stratified and
interval random sampling was applied to select them. Piloting was done in school F and test retest
was done to determine reliability of the instruments. The data collected was both Qualitative and
Quantitative. Spearman rank order correlation coefficient gotten was 0.6 and the instruments were
regarded of good reliability.
The results indicated that (69.2 %) of the respondents agreed that teaching and learning materials
are inadequate. All respondents (100%) showed that ICT infrastructure is lacking in the
institutions. The teachers (79.2%) showed that inadequate funds and great distance (45%) are the
biggest problem in relation to teaching and learning materials acquisition. (50%) 0f the
respondents said materials are fairly maintained and (22.4 %) commented that there is no specific
period of replacement while (33.3 %) said storage rooms are lacking in our institutions.
Concerning teacher‟s availability (100%) of the respondents commented they are not enough and
(33.3%) of the respondents asserted that tours and excursions are not undertaken. The study
revealed that there is only one laboratory in all the institutions (100%) and (100%) of the
respondents said it is not spacious. All the parent Representative respondents (100%) reported that
computers and daily newspapers are lacking in their homes. Availing more teaching and learning
materials was mentioned by (45.8%) of the respondents and more funding was highlighted by
(82.5%) of the respondents as ways of improving teaching and learning materials.
Conclusions made by the study were that teaching and learning materials are inadequate and this
leads to ineffective teaching and learning and also poor performance. Resource rooms, modern
libraries are not in place in most schools and storage rooms are in poor state of neglect. Inadequate
funds and long distance was a major problem in relation to teaching and learning materials
acquisition and this consequently lowers time utility. The government policy guiding IT
infrastructure is long overdue. Research of this kind was recommended to all other educational
institutions and teachers challenges in bid to develop and improve education quality and standards
hence poverty alleviation in this country.
Edu, F (2021). Challenges Of Teaching And Learning Materials In Public Secondary Schools, In Tana- River District, Kenya. Afribary.com: Retrieved June 20, 2021, from https://afribary.com/works/challenges-of-teaching-and-learning-materials-in-public-secondary-schools-in-tana-river-district-kenya
Frontiers, Edu. "Challenges Of Teaching And Learning Materials In Public Secondary Schools, In Tana- River District, Kenya" Afribary.com. Afribary.com, 05 Jun. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/challenges-of-teaching-and-learning-materials-in-public-secondary-schools-in-tana-river-district-kenya . Accessed 20 Jun. 2021.
Frontiers, Edu. "Challenges Of Teaching And Learning Materials In Public Secondary Schools, In Tana- River District, Kenya". Afribary.com, Afribary.com, 05 Jun. 2021. Web. 20 Jun. 2021. < https://afribary.com/works/challenges-of-teaching-and-learning-materials-in-public-secondary-schools-in-tana-river-district-kenya >.
Frontiers, Edu. "Challenges Of Teaching And Learning Materials In Public Secondary Schools, In Tana- River District, Kenya" Afribary.com (2021). Accessed June 20, 2021. https://afribary.com/works/challenges-of-teaching-and-learning-materials-in-public-secondary-schools-in-tana-river-district-kenya