Characterisation Of Txndc5 As A Biomarker Of Humoral Immunity To Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infections In Infants In Kilifi County Kenya

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Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is the single largest cause of severe respiratory illness in infants and children globally. Worldwide, RSV pneumonia is the second biggest cause of post neonatal infant mortality, after malaria, causing an estimated 137,000 deaths/year (6.7% of all deaths in infants). There are currently no licensed vaccines against RSV infection as well as specific treatments for RSV pneumonia. The immunological correlates of severe disease following primary or repeat infection remain poorly understood. About 2% of the annual birth cohort is at risk of severe and potentially life-threatening RSV pneumonia. A substantial proportion of these severely ill infants remain at risk of acquiring similarly severe secondary infections. This risk of severe secondary disease can potentially be predicted by identifying host immune mechanisms that are predictive of protective immunity post primary infection. A potential avenue for identifying these protective immunity correlates is through the identification of host-specific biomarkers at the acute stage of primary infection that correlate with the magnitude of the ensuing protective immune response. Transcriptional biomarkers that are predictive of the magnitude of the virus-specific antibody response following exposure to RSV antigens would be an ideal way of profiling this secondary disease risk. In this study, the identification of potential predictors of immune response to RSV antigens was done in a vaccine trial. Gene expression levels of 47,231 probes targeting >25,000 annotated genes were assayed in whole blood using the Illumina Human HT-12 expression microarray bead chip. Expression levels for each probe at day 7 post-vaccination were compared to expression levels at day 0 (pre-vaccination) using a t-test corrected for multiple testing using a false discovery rate (FDR) of < 0.05 while serum antibody responses to vaccination were determined using ELISAs. Determination of the correlation between the expression levels of these genes and RSV-specific responses to vaccination was done using linear regression. From this analysis, six genes were upregulated above an arbitrary 2-fold threshold post-vaccination; TMPO, CD38, PRKACB, TXNDC5, LOC100131845 and LOC401845. The most strongly correlated with antibody responses to vaccination were CD38 (R2=0.61, p

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APA

Research, A. & WAENI, J (2021). Characterisation Of Txndc5 As A Biomarker Of Humoral Immunity To Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infections In Infants In Kilifi County Kenya. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/characterisation-of-txndc5-as-a-biomarker-of-humoral-immunity-to-respiratory-syncytial-virus-infections-in-infants-in-kilifi-county-kenya

MLA 8th

Research, AfroAsia, and JACQUELINE WAENI "Characterisation Of Txndc5 As A Biomarker Of Humoral Immunity To Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infections In Infants In Kilifi County Kenya" Afribary. Afribary, 05 Jun. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/characterisation-of-txndc5-as-a-biomarker-of-humoral-immunity-to-respiratory-syncytial-virus-infections-in-infants-in-kilifi-county-kenya. Accessed 20 Sep. 2021.

MLA7

Research, AfroAsia, and JACQUELINE WAENI . "Characterisation Of Txndc5 As A Biomarker Of Humoral Immunity To Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infections In Infants In Kilifi County Kenya". Afribary, Afribary, 05 Jun. 2021. Web. 20 Sep. 2021. < https://afribary.com/works/characterisation-of-txndc5-as-a-biomarker-of-humoral-immunity-to-respiratory-syncytial-virus-infections-in-infants-in-kilifi-county-kenya >.

Chicago

Research, AfroAsia and WAENI, JACQUELINE . "Characterisation Of Txndc5 As A Biomarker Of Humoral Immunity To Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infections In Infants In Kilifi County Kenya" Afribary (2021). Accessed September 20, 2021. https://afribary.com/works/characterisation-of-txndc5-as-a-biomarker-of-humoral-immunity-to-respiratory-syncytial-virus-infections-in-infants-in-kilifi-county-kenya