Characterization Of The Genetic Diversity And Pathogenecity Of Colletotrichum Kahawae, Using Random Amplified Polymorphic Dna (Rapd) Analysis.

ABSTRACT

Coffee is a small shrub which is a source of a stimulating beverage. It ranks as one of the world's major commodity crops and is the major export product of many countries including Kenya. Economic production of Arabica coffee in Kenya is greatly hindered by the Coffee Berry Disease (CBD) caused by Colletotrichum kahawae. Since the release of the resistant Ruiru 11 in 1985, efforts have been devoted to the improvement of the genetic base of resistance, but this has faced the problem of possible pathogen variation. A good understanding of CBD pathogen diversity could lead to the development of cultivars with sufficient disease resistance. This study was aimed at determining the genetic and virulence diversity of Colletotrichum kahawae, and their correlation with coffee growing regions and interaction with coffee varieties. Infected berries were obtained from three coffee growing regions in Kenya (Western, Central and Eastern regions). Arabica varieties in these regions include SL 28, SL 34, K7, and the resistant Ruiru 11. At each location, diseased berries were randomly sampled from susceptible and resistant plants in marginal and upper coffee zones. In locations where both resistant and susceptible varieties were grown, a larger proportion of the berries were obtained from the resistant varieties to increase the chances of obtaining different pathotypes. A total of 34 single conidia isolates were obtained and subjected to variation analysis using DNA banding patterns. The analysis revealed 5 distinct groups of isolates of which one representative isolate was selected and used to innoculate coffee differentials with known resistance / susceptible reactions. The varieties included Rume Sudan, Catimor, K7 and SL 28 (susceptible). Seedlings were individually scored for disease symptoms developed and mean grade of infection computed. The mean grade data was then used to perform Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) using the random effects model. The results were used to determine the correlation between molecular polymorphism and diversity in virulence. The variety x isolate interaction effects although significant (p

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APA

Margaret, O (2021). Characterization Of The Genetic Diversity And Pathogenecity Of Colletotrichum Kahawae, Using Random Amplified Polymorphic Dna (Rapd) Analysis.. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/characterization-of-the-genetic-diversity-and-pathogenecity-of-colletotrichum-kahawae-using-random-amplified-polymorphic-dna-rapd-analysis

MLA 8th

Margaret, Owaka "Characterization Of The Genetic Diversity And Pathogenecity Of Colletotrichum Kahawae, Using Random Amplified Polymorphic Dna (Rapd) Analysis." Afribary. Afribary, 28 May. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/characterization-of-the-genetic-diversity-and-pathogenecity-of-colletotrichum-kahawae-using-random-amplified-polymorphic-dna-rapd-analysis. Accessed 27 May. 2024.

MLA7

Margaret, Owaka . "Characterization Of The Genetic Diversity And Pathogenecity Of Colletotrichum Kahawae, Using Random Amplified Polymorphic Dna (Rapd) Analysis.". Afribary, Afribary, 28 May. 2021. Web. 27 May. 2024. < https://afribary.com/works/characterization-of-the-genetic-diversity-and-pathogenecity-of-colletotrichum-kahawae-using-random-amplified-polymorphic-dna-rapd-analysis >.

Chicago

Margaret, Owaka . "Characterization Of The Genetic Diversity And Pathogenecity Of Colletotrichum Kahawae, Using Random Amplified Polymorphic Dna (Rapd) Analysis." Afribary (2021). Accessed May 27, 2024. https://afribary.com/works/characterization-of-the-genetic-diversity-and-pathogenecity-of-colletotrichum-kahawae-using-random-amplified-polymorphic-dna-rapd-analysis