Child Labour a Threat to Future Skilled Manpower in Uganda. Case Study of Makindye Division Kampala

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Contents .................................................................................... Pages

Table of contents ............................................................................... .i

Declaration .................................................................................... .iv

Dedication ....................................................................................... v

Acknowledgement ............................................................................ vi

List of statutes ................................................................................ vii

List Acronytns ............................................................................... viii

Abstract ......................................................................................... x

CHAPTER ONE .............................................................................. 1

1.1 Introduction ................................................................................. 1

1.2 Background of the Study .................................................................. 2

1.3 Statement of the Problem .................................................................. 6

1.40bjective of the Study ..................................................................... 7

1.5 Research Question .......................................................................... 7

1.6 Significance of the Study .................................................................. 7

1. 7 Scope of Study .............................................................................. 8

1.8 Area ofStudy ............................................................................... 8

1.9 Hypothesis ............................................................................................ 8

1:9.1 Research Methodolo .................................................................... 9

1:9.2 Introduction ............................................................................... 9

1:9.3 Sample Population and Sampling Methods .......................................... 9

1:9.4 Interviews ................................................................................. 9

1:9.5 Questionaires ..................................................................................... 9

1:9.6 Data Processing and Analysis .......................................................... 9

1:9.7 Editig ........................................................................................ 9

1:9.8 Limitations ofthe Study .................................................................. 10

1: 1 0 Ethical Considerations .................................................................. 1 0

1:10.1 Literature Review ........................................................................ 11

1:10.2 Introduction .......................................................................... 11 ..

1:10.3 Factors Promoting Child Labour .................................................... 11

1:10.4 Effect of Child Labour ............................................................... 14

1:10.5 Efficacy of Child Labour Laws and Enforcement Efforts ..................... 15

1:10.6 Gaps Observed in the Literature .................................................... 16

CHAPTER TWO : CONCEPTS OF CHILD LABOUR AND ITS EFFECTS ON THE

FUTURE SKILLED MANPOWER IN UGANDA ................................. 20

2.0 Introduction ............................................................................. 20

2:1 Conceptualizing child labour. ........................................................ 20

2:1.2 Child labour classified ............................................................... 22

2:2.3 Identifying child labour ............................................................. .23

2:2 Fonns of child labour .................................................................. 24

2:3 Causes of child labour. ................................................................. 25

2:4 Effects of child labour .................................................................. 27

2:5 Child labour and its implication on the future skilled manpower.. .............. 28

CHAPTER THREE : REVIEW OF THE EFFICACY OF LEGAL FRAME WORK

AND ENFORCEMENT EFFORTS AGAINST CHILD LABOUR CURRENTLY IN

UGANDA ....................................................................................... 29

3.0 Introduction ............................................................................. 29

3:1 International conventions ............................................................. 29

3:2 Cunent govenunent policies and programmes ..................................... 31

3:3 Legal and other interventions to eliminate child labour ........................... 35

3.4 Constitutional provisions on child labour. .......................................... 36

ii

3:5 Efficacy of the laws and enforcement efforts ....................................... 37

CHAPTER FOUR : LESSONS DRAWN FROM COUNTRIES EXPERIENCING CHILD

LABOUR ....................................................................................... 40

4.0 Introduction ............................................................................. 40

4.1 Overview ................................................................................. 40

4.2 Key issues and lessons learnt from other countries ............................... .42

4:2.1 Relationship ofHIV/AIDS and child labour. ................................... .43

4:2.2 Effect of child labour to the future skilled manpower .......................... .43

4:2.3 Hazardous forms of child labour children involve in other countries ........ .44

4:2.4 Policy measures taken to combat child labour .................................. .4 7

4:2:4.1 Kenyan Govermnent ............................................................. .47

4:2:4.2 Child labour Social Policies to combat child labour in South Africa ..... .48

CHAPTER FIVE:DISCUSSIONOF THE MAJOR FINDINGS,CONCLUSION AND

RECOMMENDATIONS ... : ......................................................... .49

5.0 Introduction ............................................................................ 49

5.1 Background characteristic of respondents .......................................... 49

5.2 Child Labour concept ................................................................ 50

5.3 Impact of child labour on skilled manpower ....................................... 52

5.4 Conclusion ................................................................................ 53

5.5 Recommendations ...................................................................... 55

6.0 Appendices .............................................................................. 57

6.1 Appendix I Questionnaire for employers of children .............................. 57

6.2 Appendix II Time Frame .............................................................. 60

6.3 Appendix III Estimated budget. ..................................................... 60

7.0 Bibliography ............................................................................ 61

ABSTRACT It is generally acknowledged that child labour exists in various sectors in Uganda and the nature, pattern and characteristics of the problem differs from one sector to the other. This research sought to establish factors promoting child labour, the effects of child labour towards the future of skilled manpower in Uganda and to evaluate the efficacy of child labour laws and the enforcement efforts currently in place. However the core objective of this study research aimed at examining whether child labour is a threat to the future skilled manpower in Uganda. Using a quantitative design, the magnitude and other dynamics of child labour, from the parent, employers and childrens perspective were analyzed. This was triangulated with other methods to gain an in depth descriptive account of the experiences of the child workers, prevalence of practices constituting child labour and perspectives of employers both employing children and those that do not. Study findings revealed that the phenomenon of child labuor is considerably big and requires urgent action. Children were the most preferred category of workers because they are easily influenced and manipulated at the age ranging from 5-15 years of age. The study revealed that the level of awareness on the problem of child labour and its implication on the future skilled man power was minimal among the children. Parents and some stakeholders. The finding showed that children work to earn wages, assist in family enterprise, help in family chores while others were not interested in school. These children are mentally, physically,socially and morally affected. Most stakeholders were of the opinion that that child labour had a negative impact on education on future skilled manpower of the country. The major conclusion is that child labour is a threat to the future skilled man power of the country. This research recommended that the Government and Non Governmental Organization should build a network focused on prevention and elimination of all fonns of child labour.

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APA

Frontiers, E. & MUNYASI, J (2022). Child Labour a Threat to Future Skilled Manpower in Uganda. Case Study of Makindye Division Kampala. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/child-labour-a-threat-to-future-skilled-manpower-in-uganda-case-study-of-makindye-division-kampala

MLA 8th

Frontiers, Edu, and JACQUELINE MUNYASI "Child Labour a Threat to Future Skilled Manpower in Uganda. Case Study of Makindye Division Kampala" Afribary. Afribary, 19 Aug. 2022, https://afribary.com/works/child-labour-a-threat-to-future-skilled-manpower-in-uganda-case-study-of-makindye-division-kampala. Accessed 28 Sep. 2022.

MLA7

Frontiers, Edu, and JACQUELINE MUNYASI . "Child Labour a Threat to Future Skilled Manpower in Uganda. Case Study of Makindye Division Kampala". Afribary, Afribary, 19 Aug. 2022. Web. 28 Sep. 2022. < https://afribary.com/works/child-labour-a-threat-to-future-skilled-manpower-in-uganda-case-study-of-makindye-division-kampala >.

Chicago

Frontiers, Edu and MUNYASI, JACQUELINE . "Child Labour a Threat to Future Skilled Manpower in Uganda. Case Study of Makindye Division Kampala" Afribary (2022). Accessed September 28, 2022. https://afribary.com/works/child-labour-a-threat-to-future-skilled-manpower-in-uganda-case-study-of-makindye-division-kampala