Children In Conflict With The Law- A Case Study Of The Juvenile Justice Institutions In Makindye West Division, Kampala District

ABSTRACT

This study aims to explore the characteristics of juvenile justice system in Makindye West division in Kampala district that is challenges of the juvenile, basic needs, diseases, their

remedies in court that is foster care, custody, guardianship orders, maintenance order among others.

This study includes, the socio economic back ground, factors behind child deviancy, and rehabilitative mechanisms and its effectiveness are analyzed using the primary data collected

from a purposively selected sample in Makindye. Study employed qualitative techniques to describe the details and analyzed through the triangulation of primary data from the respondents, semi-structured interviews with officials and excerpts from the literature.

The findings of the study are that the juvenile are in conflict with the law due to the violations of the rights of the children which has called for intervention of the courts to administer justices

with undue regard to technicalities and this resulted into orders like Adoption orders, custody orders, guardianship order, and maintenance order among others.


TABLE OF CONTENTS

Declaration .......................................................................... 1

APPROVAL ................................................................ 2

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS ........................................................... 3

ABSTRACT .................................................................... 7

CHAPTER ONE .............................................................................. 8

Introduction ....................................................................... 8

Statement of the problem .......................................................................... 11

Scope of the study .................................................. 12

Relevance of the study ........................................................ 12

1.3 Objectives ............................................................................... 13

General Objective: .................................................................. 13

Specific Objcctives: .......................................................................... 13

1.4 Definition of Concepts: ..................................................................... 13

LITERATURE REVIEW ......................................................................... 15

2.1 Introduction: .......................................................................... 15

2.2 Reviews ......................................................................... 15

Persona 1 factors ...................................................................... 17

Family ............................................................................. 18

Substance abuse .................................................................... 19

Delinquency ........................................................................ 19

Family factors .............................................................. 21

Parenting problems .......................................................................... 21

Divorce and the absence of the father ........................................................................... 22

Single parenting ......................................................................... 22

Parenting ................................................................... 22

Child neglect ............................................................................... 23

Pove,ty ............................................................................. 23

Community factors .............................................................................. 23

Communities with a high level ofviolence .............................................................. 24

Labeling and rejection .............................................................................. 24

Police service factors ............................................................................ 24

Educational factors ..................................................................... 25

Specific authorities created to deal with children .............................................................. 26

The Child welfare Committee (CWC) ............................................................. 26

The Juvenile Justice Board (JJB) ............................................................................................................ 27

Child Protection and Rights at National Level ........................................................................................ 29

I- Constitution - Children Related Articles ............................................................................................. 29

REHABILITATION AND SOCIAL REINTEGRATION ..................................................................... 31

ADOPTION:- .......................................................................................................................................... 31

38. FOSTER CARE: ............................................................................................................................... 35

39. Sl'ONSORSI111' ................................................................................................................................ 37

AFTER CARE ORGANIZATJON:- ....................................................................................................... 38

50. LIBRARY:- ...................................................................................................................................... .41

52. RELIGIOUS AND MORAL INSTRUCTION:-.............................................................................. .41

2.3THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK ..................................................................................................... 41

STRAIN THEORY ................................................................................................................................. 41

SOCIAL DISORGANISATION THEORY ........................................................................................... .43

SOCIAL LEARNING THEORY ........................................................................................................... .43

Methodology ............................................................ .45

5

Synopsis ............................................................... .45

CHAPTER ·i·wo ............................................................................ .46

2.0 Existing laws on child offenders ................................................................. .46

2.1 International Instruments and Rules concerning child offenders ...................................................... 46

The UN Convention on the rights of the Child: ....................................................................... 46

2.3 UN Standard Minimum Rights for the Administration of Juvenile Justice (Beijing Rules) ............ .46

2.4 UN Rules for the Protection of Juveniles Deprived of their Liberty ................................................ 48

2.5. UNITED NATIONS Guidelines for the Protection of Juvenile Delinquency (Riyadh Guidelines)·····························································.49

2.6 Criticisms of .................................................. 53

CHAPTER THREE ........................................................................ 55

PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION OF FINDINGS OF THE STUDY .......... 56

Case Presentation .......................................................................... 56

INTERVIEW WITH PROBATIONAL OFFICER .............................................................. 66

CHAPTER FOUR .......................................................................... 68

DAT! ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION ............................................................... 69

ANAl-YSIS ............................................................................. 69

Socio economic profile of Children in conflict with law ........................................................................ 69

Facto1s bcnind the children in conflict with law ..................................................................................... 70

Rehabilitation Mechanism and its effectiveness in juvenile justice institutions ..................................... 72

CHAPTER FIVE ........................................................................ 74

FINDINGS, SUGGESTIONS AND CONCLUSION ............................................................................. 75

To analyze the socio-economic profile of children in conflict with law ................................................. 75

To describe factors behind children in conflict with law ........................................................................ 75

SUGGESTIONS ...................................................................................................................................... 75

6

Conclusion ............................................................................ 76

BIBLOGRAPHY ................................................................. 77

APPENDIX ............................................................................ 81

APPENDIX .............................................................................. 81

TOOLS USED ........................................................................ 81

INTERVIEW GUIDE FOR THE RESPONDENTS ............................................................................... 81

LIST OF CASES ......................................................................... 83

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APA

Research, S. (2022). Children In Conflict With The Law- A Case Study Of The Juvenile Justice Institutions In Makindye West Division, Kampala District. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/children-in-conflict-with-the-law-a-case-study-of-the-juvenile-justice-institutions-in-makindye-west-division-kampala-district

MLA 8th

Research, SSA "Children In Conflict With The Law- A Case Study Of The Juvenile Justice Institutions In Makindye West Division, Kampala District" Afribary. Afribary, 05 Sep. 2022, https://afribary.com/works/children-in-conflict-with-the-law-a-case-study-of-the-juvenile-justice-institutions-in-makindye-west-division-kampala-district. Accessed 13 Jun. 2024.

MLA7

Research, SSA . "Children In Conflict With The Law- A Case Study Of The Juvenile Justice Institutions In Makindye West Division, Kampala District". Afribary, Afribary, 05 Sep. 2022. Web. 13 Jun. 2024. < https://afribary.com/works/children-in-conflict-with-the-law-a-case-study-of-the-juvenile-justice-institutions-in-makindye-west-division-kampala-district >.

Chicago

Research, SSA . "Children In Conflict With The Law- A Case Study Of The Juvenile Justice Institutions In Makindye West Division, Kampala District" Afribary (2022). Accessed June 13, 2024. https://afribary.com/works/children-in-conflict-with-the-law-a-case-study-of-the-juvenile-justice-institutions-in-makindye-west-division-kampala-district

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