Constant Temperature and time Period Effects on Anopheles gambiae Egg Hatching

Abstract:

Anopheles gambiae Giles sensu stricto (Diptera: Culicidae) egg development and its relation to environmental parameters is an understudied aspect of vector biology. Although several studies have illustrated the dramatic effects of temperature on egg development, egg hatching dynamics remain unclear. The objective of this study was to expose An. gambiae eggs to various temperatures for different lengths of time and determine the impact on egg development and hatching count. Batches of mosquito eggs (n 5 30 eggs/replicate) were incubated under moist conditions at temperatures of 12, 22, 27, 33, and 42uC for intervals of 1, 3, 7, and 10 days. After that, they were flooded with distilled water at 27uC, and hatching counts were observed for up to 7 days. Mosquito eggs held at 22 and 27uC had the highest overall mean hatching count. During early incubation periods, eggs held at 33uC had hatching counts comparable to 22 and 27uC, but counts decreased drastically during later incubation periods. Temperatures of 12 and 42uC reduced mosquito egg viability, because few eggs hatched in these temperature regimes. Other experiments revealed that during early embryonic development, temperature had a major effect on the developing embryo, while later in embryonic development it had no dramatic effect. Microscopic observation of the An. gambiae embryo showed that extreme low and high temperatures affected the normal development of the embryo. A regression model was developed to describe the effect of incubation temperature and incubation period on egg hatching counts, which demonstrated that the optimum temperature for egg hatching ranges from 24 to 30uC, irrespective of incubation period. The interaction between temperature and time period may have implications for dry-season survival and climate-based models of malaria risk.
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APA

E, I (2024). Constant Temperature and time Period Effects on Anopheles gambiae Egg Hatching. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/constant-temperature-and-time-period-effects-on-anopheles-gambiae-egg-hatching

MLA 8th

E, Impoinvil "Constant Temperature and time Period Effects on Anopheles gambiae Egg Hatching" Afribary. Afribary, 10 Mar. 2024, https://afribary.com/works/constant-temperature-and-time-period-effects-on-anopheles-gambiae-egg-hatching. Accessed 30 May. 2024.

MLA7

E, Impoinvil . "Constant Temperature and time Period Effects on Anopheles gambiae Egg Hatching". Afribary, Afribary, 10 Mar. 2024. Web. 30 May. 2024. < https://afribary.com/works/constant-temperature-and-time-period-effects-on-anopheles-gambiae-egg-hatching >.

Chicago

E, Impoinvil . "Constant Temperature and time Period Effects on Anopheles gambiae Egg Hatching" Afribary (2024). Accessed May 30, 2024. https://afribary.com/works/constant-temperature-and-time-period-effects-on-anopheles-gambiae-egg-hatching