CONSTRUCTION OF METAL DETECTOR

ABSTRACT
Metal detectors are electronics sensors that indicate the presence of metallic object without making physical contact with object. They are effective and useful security tools employed in strategic places such as airport, bank, stadiums, government houses and also in production industries to detect presence of metallic object on person luaggages, consignments foods, drugs garments etc. The study present a metal detector comprising a radio frequency oscillator, demodulating unit, triggering unit and output unit. A transistor colpit oscillator is used with its inductor being a toroidal coil, this acting as a transducer converting magnetic variation to voltage level changes through director feedback mechanism. The bank circuit is set such that the feedback outage is just sufficient to maintain oscillation. Magnetic variation caused by metallic object distort the initial set position, automatically cutting of oscillation and hence the transistor due to the biasing techniques employed the trigger section switches to low level and higher level depending on the output of the demodulator, which switches ON and OFF the (Led) light emitting diode and cuases the buzzer to produce and an active toner. It detects both ferrous and metal at a range determined by the type of material and its relative size.

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Cover Page -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- i
Title Page -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- ii
Approval Page -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- iii
Dedication -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- iv
Acknowledgement -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- v
Abstract -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- vi
Table of contents -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- vii
List of Figure -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- ix

Chapter one
1.1 Background of the Study -- -- -- -- -- -- 1
1.2 Purpose of the Project -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 7
1.3 Justification of the Project -- -- -- -- -- -- 7
1.4 Scope of the Project -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 8
1.5 Limitation/Constraints -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 8
1.6 System Block Diagram -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 9
1.7 Project Report Organization -- -- -- -- -- -- 10

Chapter Two
2.1 History and Development of Metal Detector -- -- -- 12
2.2 Types of Metal Detector -- -- -- -- -- -- 14
2.3 Uses and Application -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 16
2.3.1 Security Screening -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 16
2.3.2 Hobby Security -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 17
2.3.3 Industrial Application -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 17
2.4 Modes of Operation of Metal Detector -- -- -- -- 18

Chapter three
3.1 Circuit Diagram of a Metal -- -- -- -- -- -- 19
3.2 List of Components Used -- -- -- -- -- -- 19
3.3 Resistors -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 26
3.4 Operational Amplifier -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 29
3.5 Nand Gate -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 30
3.6 Design Analysis -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 31

Chapter Four
4.1 Construction Steps -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 33
4.2 Packaging -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 35
4.3 Bill of Engineering and Means of Evaluation -- -- -- 37
Chapter Five
5.1 Conclusion -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 38
5.2 Result -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 39
5.3 Recommendation -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 39
References -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 41
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APA

Raji, A. (2018). CONSTRUCTION OF METAL DETECTOR. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/construction-of-metal-detector-2040

MLA 8th

Raji, Alex "CONSTRUCTION OF METAL DETECTOR" Afribary. Afribary, 29 Jan. 2018, https://afribary.com/works/construction-of-metal-detector-2040. Accessed 26 May. 2024.

MLA7

Raji, Alex . "CONSTRUCTION OF METAL DETECTOR". Afribary, Afribary, 29 Jan. 2018. Web. 26 May. 2024. < https://afribary.com/works/construction-of-metal-detector-2040 >.

Chicago

Raji, Alex . "CONSTRUCTION OF METAL DETECTOR" Afribary (2018). Accessed May 26, 2024. https://afribary.com/works/construction-of-metal-detector-2040