Background: Adolescent pregnancies have been shown to have poorer outcomes compared to pregnancies in adult women. Nutritional status may play an important role in improving the health of pregnant adolescents. However, little is known about micronutrient status and the factors that influence the adequacy of the diets of the Ghanaian population particularly among pregnant adolescents. Aim: To identify the determinants of micronutrient deficiencies in pregnant adolescents. Method: A cross-sectional design was used in this study. Eighty three (83) pregnant adolescent girls were recruited from three (3) health facilities; Ussher Polyclinic, La General Hospital and Mamprobi Polyclinic. A semi-structured questionnaire was used to obtain the sociodemographic data. Participants’ dietary micronutrient intakes and food consumption pattern were assessed using the 24-hour dietary recall and the food frequency questionnaire method respectively. Participants’ haemoglobin status were also obtained from their maternal records books. Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) Version 20.0 was used to analyse data obtained. A one sample t-test was used to compare mean nutrient intake to the EAR/RDA. Pearson Chi square tests was used to determine the relationships between socio- demographic variables and dietary intakes of micronutrients and socio-demographic variables and haemoglobin status. ANOVA was used to compare the mean dietary intakes of the girls between trimesters of pregnancy. Statistical significance was set at p<0.05. Results: The results showed that the mean intakes of micronutrients (iron, folate, calcium, phosphorus, zinc and vitamin C) were below recommended levels. Vitamin B12 and phosphorus were however above 50% of the EAR. A low consumption pattern of the micronutrient source foods was observed. There was no significant association between dietary intakes of iron, vitamin B12, calcium, zinc and vitamin C and socio-demographic variables except for vi phosphorus which was significantly associated with occupation (χ2 8.185, p=0.017). Folate intake was inadequate for all the girls. There was also no significant association of the mean dietary intakes of selected micronutrients between trimesters of pregnancy. Further, no significant association was observed between haemoglobin status and socio-demographic variables of the pregnant adolescent girls. Anaemia prevalence was found to be 62.7%. Conclusion: There was inadequate dietary micronutrient intakes among the participants. A generally low consumption pattern of micronutrient source foods was observed among the participants. Socio-demographic variables had no significant association with dietary intakes and anaemia except dietary phosphorus which was significantly associated with occupation. There is a need for nutrition intervention to help improve dietary micronutrient intakes in this population.
Higher Education, R (2021). Determinants Of Micronutrients Deficiencies in Pregnant Adolescents In Accra. Afribary.com: Retrieved April 15, 2021, from https://afribary.com/works/determinants-of-micronutrients-deficiencies-in-pregnant-adolescents-in-accra
Resources, Higher Education. "Determinants Of Micronutrients Deficiencies in Pregnant Adolescents In Accra" Afribary.com. Afribary.com, 06 Apr. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/determinants-of-micronutrients-deficiencies-in-pregnant-adolescents-in-accra . Accessed 15 Apr. 2021.
Resources, Higher Education. "Determinants Of Micronutrients Deficiencies in Pregnant Adolescents In Accra". Afribary.com, Afribary.com, 06 Apr. 2021. Web. 15 Apr. 2021. < https://afribary.com/works/determinants-of-micronutrients-deficiencies-in-pregnant-adolescents-in-accra >.
Resources, Higher Education. "Determinants Of Micronutrients Deficiencies in Pregnant Adolescents In Accra" Afribary.com (2021). Accessed April 15, 2021. https://afribary.com/works/determinants-of-micronutrients-deficiencies-in-pregnant-adolescents-in-accra