Direct Contra Naı¨ve-Indirect Comparison of Clinical Failure Rates between High-Viscosity GIC and Conventional Amalgam Restorations: An Empirical Study

Steffen Mickenautsch Veerasamy Yengopal 10 PAGES (7011 WORDS) Article
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Background: Naı¨ve-indirect comparisons are comparisons between competing clinical interventions’ evidence from separate (uncontrolled) trials. Direct comparisons are comparisons within randomised control trials (RCTs). The objective of this empirical study is to test the null-hypothesis that trends and performance differences inferred from naı¨ve-indirect comparisons and from direct comparisons/RCTs regarding the failure rates of amalgam and direct high-viscosity glassionomer cement (HVGIC) restorations in permanent posterior teeth have similar direction and magnitude.

Methods: A total of 896 citations were identified through systematic literature search. From these, ten and two uncontrolled clinical longitudinal studies for HVGIC and amalgam, respectively, were included for naı¨ve-indirect comparison and could be matched with three out twenty RCTs. Summary effects sizes were computed as Odds ratios (OR; 95% Confidence intervals) and compared with those from RCTs. Trend directions were inferred from 95% Confidence interval overlaps and direction of point estimates; magnitudes of performance differences were inferred from the median point estimates (OR) with 25% and 75% percentile range, for both types of comparison. Mann-Whitney U test was applied to test for statistically significant differences between point estimates of both comparison types.

Results: Trends and performance differences inferred from naı¨ve-indirect comparison based on evidence from uncontrolled clinical longitudinal studies and from direct comparisons based on RCT evidence are not the same. The distributions of the point estimates differed significantly for both comparison types (Mann–Whitney U = 25, nindirect = 26; ndirect = 8; p = 0.0013, two-tailed).

Conclusion: The null-hypothesis was rejected. Trends and performance differences inferred from either comparison between HVGIC and amalgam restorations failure rates in permanent posterior teeth are not the same. It is recommended that clinical practice guidance regarding HVGICs should rest on direct comparisons via RCTs and not on naı¨ve-indirect comparisons based on uncontrolled longitudinal studies in order to avoid inflation of effect estimates.

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APA

Steffen, M (2019). Direct Contra Naı¨ve-Indirect Comparison of Clinical Failure Rates between High-Viscosity GIC and Conventional Amalgam Restorations: An Empirical Study. Afribary.com: Retrieved March 07, 2021, from https://afribary.com/works/direct-contra-nai-ve-indirect-comparison-of-clinical-failure-rates-between-high-viscosity-gic-and-conventional-amalgam-restorations-an-empirical-study

MLA 8th

Mickenautsch, Steffen. "Direct Contra Naı¨ve-Indirect Comparison of Clinical Failure Rates between High-Viscosity GIC and Conventional Amalgam Restorations: An Empirical Study" Afribary.com. Afribary.com, 26 May. 2019, https://afribary.com/works/direct-contra-nai-ve-indirect-comparison-of-clinical-failure-rates-between-high-viscosity-gic-and-conventional-amalgam-restorations-an-empirical-study . Accessed 07 Mar. 2021.

MLA7

Mickenautsch, Steffen. "Direct Contra Naı¨ve-Indirect Comparison of Clinical Failure Rates between High-Viscosity GIC and Conventional Amalgam Restorations: An Empirical Study". Afribary.com, Afribary.com, 26 May. 2019. Web. 07 Mar. 2021. < https://afribary.com/works/direct-contra-nai-ve-indirect-comparison-of-clinical-failure-rates-between-high-viscosity-gic-and-conventional-amalgam-restorations-an-empirical-study >.

Chicago

Mickenautsch, Steffen. "Direct Contra Naı¨ve-Indirect Comparison of Clinical Failure Rates between High-Viscosity GIC and Conventional Amalgam Restorations: An Empirical Study" Afribary.com (2019). Accessed March 07, 2021. https://afribary.com/works/direct-contra-nai-ve-indirect-comparison-of-clinical-failure-rates-between-high-viscosity-gic-and-conventional-amalgam-restorations-an-empirical-study